Skip to main content

COVID-19 Resources

What people with cancer should know:

Guidance for cancer researchers:

Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH:

Grant Details

Grant Number: 1R01CA237670-01A1 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Tan, Andy
Organization: Dana-Farber Cancer Inst
Project Title: Project Resist: Increasing Resistance to Tobacco Marketing Among Young Adult Sexual Minority Women Using Inoculation Message Approaches
Fiscal Year: 2020


Young adult sexual minority women (SMW), including lesbians and bisexuals, are at particularly high risk, with up to 4.8 times increased odds of cigarette smoking than heterosexual women; up to 660,000 young adult SMW smoke and are at increased risks of smoking-related cancers and cardiopulmonary illnesses. Exposure to tobacco industry marketing, minority stressors, alcohol and drug use and social determinants are key factors linked to increased smoking behavior in this population. Anti-smoking campaigns utilized inoculation messages (analogous to vaccines) and culturally-tailoring (i.e., LGBT imagery, symbols, and language) to promote resilience against tobacco marketing influences among LGBT audiences. However, the effects of culturally tailored inoculation approaches in young adult SMW have not yet been examined. Our long-term goal is to eliminate smoking-related health disparities among LGBTQ populations. The objectives of this study are to determine the effects of using a culturally-tailored inoculation approach to increase resilience to tobacco marketing influences among young adult SMW and obtain stakeholders’ critical inputs that support later adoption and implementation. These objectives are directly responsive to the priorities of PAR-18-559 for behavioral research in cancer prevention and control, development and testing of interventions addressing tobacco use, and communication aimed at altering tobacco use. Our central hypothesis is that culturally tailored inoculation messages will be more effective versus non-tailored messages to increase resilience to tobacco marketing. The scientific premise for this work is supported by 1) campaigns promoting resilience against tobacco companies and smoking among LGBTQ audiences, 2) our pilot study showing young adult SMW perceive higher relevance, favorable attitudes, and positive emotions toward LGBTQ imagery compared to control imagery, and 3) an integrative conceptual framework informed by communication science, minority stress and resilience framework among SMW. Our specific aims are: 1) Engage with key stakeholders to optimize message construction and collect pilot data to inform future intervention design, 2) Evaluate the effects of culturally tailored anti-smoking messages on young adult SMWs’ smoking and quitting intentions, and 3) Evaluate the effects of inoculation message type, dose, and latency on young adult SMWs’ resilience to tobacco marketing, smoking and quitting intentions. We will conduct twice-yearly meetings, rapid cycle feedback, field pilot testing, and key informant interviews with an Expert Advisory Committee comprising LGBT organization leaders, investigators in sexual and gender minority health, community members, and national agencies (NCI, CDC, and FDA); message development and testing using qualitative research methods; and randomized survey experiments. Impact: Findings from this study will provide the foundation to develop an evidence-based and culturally tailored inoculation approach to increase resilience to tobacco marketing among young adult SMW and that addresses the needs of future adopters and implementers.


We are in This Together: Promoting Health Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Tobacco Research for Sexual and Gender Minority Populations.
Authors: Dermody S.S. , Heffner J.L. , Hinds J.T. , McQuoid J. , Quisenberry A.J. , Tan A.S.L. , Vogel E.A. .
Source: Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 2020-12-12; 22(12), p. 2276-2279.
PMID: 32335682
Related Citations

Misinformation About Commercial Tobacco Products on Social Media-Implications and Research Opportunities for Reducing Tobacco-Related Health Disparities.
Authors: Tan A.S.L. , Bigman C.A. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2020 10; 110(S3), p. S281-S283.
PMID: 33001728
Related Citations

Back to Top