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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA206877-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Huang, Terry
Organization: Graduate School Of Public Health And Health Policy
Project Title: Impact of Park Renovations on Physical Activity and Community Health in Nyc
Fiscal Year: 2020


 DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The built environment plays a critical role in promoting physical activity and health. The association between parks, as a key attribute of the built environment, and physical activity, however, remains inconclusive. This project employs a natural experiment design to assess the impact of the Community Parks Initiative (CPI), a New York City Department of Parks and Recreation (NYC Parks) park redesign and renovation initiative, on physical activity, park usage, psychosocial and mental health, and community wellbeing. The project will use a longitudinal design with matched controls. NYC Parks has identified 134 parks with extreme capital needs in high-priority neighborhoods and will begin renovating parks in waves. In late 2016, the first wave of 35 parks across 55 neighborhoods will close for renovations; these parks will reopen in late 2017. From this initial wave, 20 interventio parks have been selected for inclusion in this study. Intervention park neighborhoods have been matched to a control group of 20 socio-economically similar park neighborhoods that will not be renovated during the study. The study will address two aims. In Aim 1, investigators will compare total volume of PA and other health outcomes among residents in the intervention vs. control park neighborhoods (defined as .25 mile radius around each park) from baseline to 2.5 years post-renovation. We hypothesize that improvements will be observed in PA and health levels in intervention but not control neighborhoods. In Aim 2, an additional 10 park neighborhoods receiving renovation in 2018 and reopening in 2019 will be used to monitor replicability of intervention effects at 1.5 years post-renovation. This combined design enhances our ability to infer causality in a natural experiment. We aim to recruit and retain 40 study participants per park neighborhood, after attrition, for a total of 1600 participants in Aim 1 and 400 in Aim 2. Study participants will represent two distinct sociodemographic strata in each neighborhood: low-income housing and community- engaged residents. Measures include direct park observations and program checklists, park quality, self- reported and GPS-tracked park usage, accelerometry-based physical activity, self-reported psychosocial health, and perceived community wellbeing. The largest natural experiment of its kind to date, this study represents a rare opportunity to provide robust evidence to further our understanding of the complex relationship between parks and physical activity, psychosocial and mental health, and community wellbeing. The findings will inform future investments in health-oriented urban design policies and offer evidence for addressing health disparities through built environment strategies.


A systematic review on the relationship between the built environment and children's quality of life.
Authors: Kodali H.P. , Hitch L. , Dunlap A.F. , Starvaggi M. , Wyka K.E. , Huang T.T. .
Source: BMC public health, 2023-12-11; 23(1), p. 2472.
EPub date: 2023-12-11.
PMID: 38082378
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A systematic review on the relationship between the built environment and children's quality of life.
Authors: Hitch L. , Kodali H. , Starvaggi M. , Wyka K.E. , Huang T.T. .
Source: Research square, 2023-04-25; , .
EPub date: 2023-04-25.
PMID: 37163113
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Perceived neighborhood environment walkability and health-related quality of life among predominantly Black and Latino adults in New York City.
Authors: Zhu J. , Kodali H. , Wyka K.E. , Huang T.T. .
Source: BMC public health, 2023-01-18; 23(1), p. 127.
EPub date: 2023-01-18.
PMID: 36653809
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The association of park use and park perception with quality of life using structural equation modeling.
Authors: Kodali H.P. , Ferris E.B. , Wyka K. , Evenson K.R. , Dorn J.M. , Thorpe L.E. , Huang T.T. .
Source: Frontiers in public health, 2023; 11, p. 1038288.
EPub date: 2023-01-25.
PMID: 36761118
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Factors associated with mask use in New York City neighborhood parks during the COVID-19 pandemic: A field audit study.
Authors: Hitch L. , Sillice M.A. , Kodali H. , Wyka K.E. , Peña J.O. , Huang T.T. .
Source: Journal of infection and public health, 2022 Apr; 15(4), p. 460-465.
EPub date: 2022-02-18.
PMID: 35249842
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Recruitment and Retention Strategies for Community-Based Longitudinal Studies in Diverse Urban Neighborhoods.
Authors: Ferris E.B. , Wyka K. , Evenson K.R. , Dorn J.M. , Thorpe L. , Catellier D. , Huang T.T. .
Source: JMIR formative research, 2021-03-24; 5(3), p. e18591.
EPub date: 2021-03-24.
PMID: 33759799
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It Starts with a Conversation: The Importance of Values as Building Blocks of Engagement Strategies in Community-Centered Public Health Research.
Authors: Swierad E.M. , Huang T.T. .
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2021-03-13; 18(6), .
EPub date: 2021-03-13.
PMID: 33805614
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The Role of the Physical and Social Environment in Observed and Self-Reported Park Use in Low-Income Neighborhoods in New York City.
Authors: Otero Peña J.E. , Kodali H. , Ferris E. , Wyka K. , Low S. , Evenson K.R. , Dorn J.M. , Thorpe L.E. , Huang T.T.K. .
Source: Frontiers in public health, 2021; 9, p. 656988.
EPub date: 2021-04-20.
PMID: 33959584
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Correlates of accelerometry non-adherence in an economically disadvantaged minority urban adult population.
Authors: Cato M.S. , Wyka K. , Ferris E.B. , Evenson K.R. , Wen F. , Dorn J.M. , Thorpe L.E. , Huang T.T. .
Source: Journal of science and medicine in sport, 2020 Aug; 23(8), p. 746-752.
EPub date: 2020-02-05.
PMID: 32085979
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An Exploration of Psychosocial Pathways of Parks' Effects on Health: A Qualitative Study.
Authors: Swierad E.M. , Huang T.T.K. .
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2018-08-08; 15(8), .
EPub date: 2018-08-08.
PMID: 30096851
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Design Thinking to Improve Implementation of Public Health Interventions: An Exploratory Case Study on Enhancing Park Use.
Authors: Huang T.T. , Aitken J. , Ferris E. , Cohen N. .
Source: Design for health (Abingdon, England), 2018; 2(2), p. 236-252.
EPub date: 2019-01-16.
PMID: 31773070
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The Physical Activity and Redesigned Community Spaces (PARCS) Study: Protocol of a natural experiment to investigate the impact of citywide park redesign and renovation.
Authors: Huang T.T. , Wyka K.E. , Ferris E.B. , Gardner J. , Evenson K.R. , Tripathi D. , Soto G.M. , Cato M.S. , Moon J. , Wagner J. , et al. .
Source: BMC public health, 2016-11-14; 16(1), p. 1160.
EPub date: 2016-11-14.
PMID: 27842531
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