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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA194924-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Devries, Anne
Organization: West Virginia University
Project Title: Affective Consequences of Chemotherapy
Fiscal Year: 2019


 DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women; 1 in 8 women in the United States will be diagnosed with this disease during their lifetime. Advances in detection and treatment have substantially increased the 5-year survival rate for breast cancer patients. However, among this population of survivors, the incidences of depression and anxiety are approximately 3-5 times higher than among women in the general population. Despite this striking increase, the etiology of depression and anxiety among breast cancer patients remains unknown. In mice, we have been able to establish a causal link between chemotherapy-induced neuroinflammation and changes in affective behavior. The first goal of this proposal is to determine whether having a tumor that has been resected primes the inflammatory response to chemotherapy and to determine how neuroinflammation and affective behavior change over the course of multiple chemotherapy treatments. The second goal of this proposal is to determine whether factors that are hypothesized to contribute to individual differences in susceptibility to the development of depression and anxiety after chemotherapy, specifically stress and social isolation, do so by increasing the proinflammatory consequences of chemotherapy. Our preliminary data indicate that stress exposure and social isolation significantly increase depressive-like behavior and anxiety-like behavior, respectively, among mice treated with chemotherapy. The experiments in Aim 2 will determine whether the chemotherapy-induced exacerbation of depressive-like behavior is achieved through a mechanism involving corticosteroid mediated increases in neuroinflammation, and whether blocking the glucocorticoid response to stress reduces the neuroinflammatory and affective consequences of chemotherapy. The experiments in Aim 3 will determine whether affiliative social interaction provides a buffer against chemotherapy-induced neuroinflammation, and affective changes. The proposed research represents the first experimental test of the hypothesis that modulation of chemotherapy-induced neuroinflammation alters the risk of developing depression and anxiety. The long-range goal of the proposed research is to improve the mental and physical health of cancer patients, as well as their quality of life, through the alleviation of depression and anxiety. The important first stp in achieving this goal is improved understanding of the biological processes through which environmental factors influence susceptibility to chemotherapy-related affective disorders.


Social enrichment alters the response of brain leukocytes to chemotherapy and tumor development in aged mice.
Authors: Walker Ii W.H. , Liu J.A. , Meléndez-Fernández O.H. , May L.E. , Kisamore C.O. , Brundage K.M. , Nelson R.J. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Heliyon, 2024-01-15; 10(1), p. e23366.
EPub date: 2023-12-06.
PMID: 38148808
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Time of day bias for biological sampling in studies of mammary cancer.
Authors: Walton J.C. , Walker W.H. , Nelson R.J. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Scientific reports, 2024-01-08; 14(1), p. 848.
EPub date: 2024-01-08.
PMID: 38191908
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Time of day as a critical variable in biology.
Authors: Nelson R.J. , Bumgarner J.R. , Liu J.A. , Love J.A. , Meléndez-Fernández O.H. , Becker-Krail D.D. , Walker W.H. , Walton J.C. , DeVries A.C. , Prendergast B.J. .
Source: BMC biology, 2022-06-15; 20(1), p. 142.
EPub date: 2022-06-15.
PMID: 35705939
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Time-restricted feeding alters the efficiency of mammary tumor growth.
Authors: Walker W.H. , Kaper A.L. , Meléndez-Fernández O.H. , Bumgarner J.R. , Liu J.A. , Walton J.C. , DeVries A.C. , Nelson R.J. .
Source: Chronobiology international, 2022 Apr; 39(4), p. 535-546.
EPub date: 2021-12-12.
PMID: 34894935
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Artificial Light at Night Reduces Anxiety-like Behavior in Female Mice with Exacerbated Mammary Tumor Growth.
Authors: Walker W.H. , Kvadas R.M. , May L.E. , Liu J.A. , Bumgarner J.R. , Walton J.C. , DeVries A.C. , Dauchy R.T. , Blask D.E. , Nelson R.J. .
Source: Cancers, 2021-09-28; 13(19), .
EPub date: 2021-09-28.
PMID: 34638343
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Time-of-day as a critical biological variable.
Authors: Nelson R.J. , Bumgarner J.R. , Walker W.H. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, 2021 Aug; 127, p. 740-746.
EPub date: 2021-05-27.
PMID: 34052279
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Clocks, Rhythms, Sex, and Hearts: How Disrupted Circadian Rhythms, Time-of-Day, and Sex Influence Cardiovascular Health.
Authors: Meléndez-Fernández O.H. , Walton J.C. , DeVries A.C. , Nelson R.J. .
Source: Biomolecules, 2021-06-14; 11(6), .
EPub date: 2021-06-14.
PMID: 34198706
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Social enrichment attenuates chemotherapy induced pro-inflammatory cytokine production and affective behavior via oxytocin signaling.
Authors: Walker W.H. , Meléndez-Fernández O.H. , Pascoe J.L. , Zhang N. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Brain, behavior, and immunity, 2020 Oct; 89, p. 451-464.
EPub date: 2020-07-29.
PMID: 32735935
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Transcardial perfusion is not required to accurately measure cytokines within the brain.
Authors: Walker W.H. , Bumgarner J.R. , Nelson R.J. , Courtney DeVries A. .
Source: Journal of neuroscience methods, 2020-01-22; 334, p. 108601.
EPub date: 2020-01-22.
PMID: 31981570
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Mammary tumor and mastectomy synergistically promote neuroinflammation in a breast cancer survivor model.
Authors: Emmer K.M. , Walker W.H. , Zhang N. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Brain research, 2019-03-15; 1707, p. 133-140.
EPub date: 2018-11-26.
PMID: 30496733
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Effects of light at night on laboratory animals and research outcomes.
Authors: Emmer K.M. , Russart K.L.G. , Walker W.H. , Nelson R.J. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Behavioral neuroscience, 2018 Aug; 132(4), p. 302-314.
EPub date: 2018-06-28.
PMID: 29952608
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A Role for Hypocretin/Orexin in Metabolic and Sleep Abnormalities in a Mouse Model of Non-metastatic Breast Cancer.
Authors: Borniger J.C. , Walker Ii W.H. , Surbhi null , Emmer K.M. , Zhang N. , Zalenski A.A. , Muscarella S.L. , Fitzgerald J.A. , Smith A.N. , Braam C.J. , et al. .
Source: Cell metabolism, 2018-07-03; 28(1), p. 118-129.e5.
EPub date: 2018-05-24.
PMID: 29805100
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Mammary Tumors Induce Central Pro-inflammatory Cytokine Expression, but Not Behavioral Deficits in Balb/C Mice.
Authors: Walker Ii W.H. , Borniger J.C. , Surbhi null , Zalenski A.A. , Muscarella S.L. , Fitzgerald J.A. , Zhang N. , Gaudier-Diaz M.M. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Scientific reports, 2017-08-15; 7(1), p. 8152.
EPub date: 2017-08-15.
PMID: 28811490
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Time-of-Day Dictates Transcriptional Inflammatory Responses to Cytotoxic Chemotherapy.
Authors: Borniger J.C. , Walker Ii W.H. , Gaudier-Diaz M.M. , Stegman C.J. , Zhang N. , Hollyfield J.L. , Nelson R.J. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Scientific reports, 2017-01-24; 7, p. 41220.
EPub date: 2017-01-24.
PMID: 28117419
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Breast cancer and social environment: getting by with a little help from our friends.
Authors: Hinzey A. , Gaudier-Diaz M.M. , Lustberg M.B. , DeVries A.C. .
Source: Breast cancer research : BCR, 2016-05-26; 18(1), p. 54.
EPub date: 2016-05-26.
PMID: 27225892
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