||1R21CA226671-01A1 Interpret this number
||Northwestern University At Chicago
||Feasibility of Oncomed to Improve Self-Management and Adherence to Oral Anticancer Medications
Newer oral anti-cancer medications, specifically molecularly targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)
medications have improved the overall prognosis of patients with cancer. When properly adhered to, these
medications can extend progression-free survival by several years. Despite the promise of TKIs,
nonadherence is problematic and poor adherence is of significance as it is associated with disease
progression and mortality. Despite the importance of optimal adherence (90% for TKIs), only a handful of
interventions have included on adherence to the newer molecularly targeted TKI oral medications. Patients
taking TKIs have fewer opportunities to be directly observed in clinic, therefore the burden of accurate
medication administration and compliance rests with patients at home, presenting a challenge to medication
adherence and symptom and toxicity monitoring. Strategies that (a) facilitate patient-provider communication
about side effects and symptom monitoring, and (b) incorporate evidence-based tools to improve symptom
monitoring and management, uncertainty tolerance and coping with illness-related stress may be specially
beneficial to aiding cancer patients optimally adhere to these medications. We propose that an evidence-based
psychosocial intervention that can improve management of oral anticancer medication side effects and
improve health-related quality of life in cancer patients may also improve medication adherence. Consistent
with PA-17-061, we propose to establish the feasibility of an evidence-based, web-based and adaptive
program called OncoMed to improve adherence to TKIs. OncoMed is grounded in models of health behavior
change, self-management and established barriers (e.g., patient factors, system/provider factors, treatment
factors) of medication adherence. OncoMed will incorporate patient education (e.g., compliance education,
medication adherence benefits), weekly medication side effect tracking and linking of patient-reported side
effects to oncology providers as well as medical and psychosocial management strategies for managing
medication side effects. Our specific aims are as follows: (a) to develop OncoMed, a scalable and adaptive
web-based platform that will improve adherence to oral TKI medications and conduct usability testing with a
sample of cancer patients (n=10) to refine and finalize this novel web-based platform and, (b) to establish the
feasibility of OncoMed by implementing our study procedures (recruitment, assessment) and study conditions
(OncoMed+usual care vs. health education [HE]+usual care control). Patients (n = 80) will be randomized to
the conditions. We propose to implement well-established and recommended procedures for assessing
feasibility, which include documenting acceptability (e.g., satisfaction), demand (e.g., recruitment, retention),
practicality (e.g., self-efficacy, patient-provider communication), and preliminary efficacy of our intervention
We hypothesize that both conditions will be feasible but that the OncoMed + usual care condition will have
better preliminary efficacy outcomes than the HE + usual care control condition.
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