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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5P01CA200512-03 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Cummings, Kenneth
Organization: Medical University Of South Carolina
Project Title: Evaluating How Tobacco Control Policies Are Shaping the Nicotine Delivery Market
Fiscal Year: 2018
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Abstract

?DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The rapidly growing demand for a new generation of vaporized nicotine products (VNPs) seen in many countries suggests these products are having an impact on cigarette consumption. The specific impact that VNPs are having and how VNPs and tobacco use behaviors are being shaped by public health policies are key questions that need to be answered. The goal of this Program Project is to extend the work of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC Project) to characterize the effectiveness of current and potential future policies to regulate VNPs. The timing of this project is opportune since policies regulating VNPs are evolving, and data are needed to help guide policy development. The proposed research is premised on the belief that to thoroughly assess policies regulating VNPs it is essential to do so at both the population level and at the individua-level under controlled experimental conditions. The multi-method approach described will be carried out in three countries - United States (US), England (EN), and Canada (CA)- selected because each have similar smoking rates and histories of cigarette product regulations, but divergent policies regulating VNPs. The proposed set of five inter-related studies and two core services addresses three overall aims: 1) To provide a more thorough understanding of how the policy environment influences uptake of and transitions from smoked tobacco to VNPs. The research team will implement naturalistic studies of broadly representative adult and adolescent samples (Projects 1 & 3) and surveillance of the vaporized nicotine market (Project 2) to allow between country and within-country policy effects to be studied and combining these data with data from experimental studies testing how theoretical policy options might affect the demand for VNPs in nonsmoking youth (Project 3) and adult smokers (Project 4); 2) To contribute to the development of methods for monitoring response to VNPs and future alternative nicotine products. The team will investigate differences in methods in data collection (Projects 1 & 2), study samples (Projects 1, 3 & 4), and experimental protocols (Projects 3 & 4) to see which approaches are most cost-efficient and yield the highest quality data for real-world applications in predicting responses to policy changes; and 3) To develop methods to assist policymakers in forecasting the population health impact of different product regulatory schemes. In Project 5 the group will integrate the data from observational (Projects 1, 2 & 3) and experimental studies (Projects 3 & 4), plus additional data, to model the impact of different policies on population health outcomes. Collectively, the proposed studies comprehensively examine how different VNP policy environments are influencing VNP and smoked tobacco use behaviors in the real world and the measured impact of theoretical policy options in the experimental setting. The end product of this holistic program of policy research will be a unique, multi-country evidence base with strong potential to inform policies and regulations in the US, EN, and CA and perhaps other countries as well.

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Publications

The impact and relevance of tobacco control research in low-and middle-income countries globally and to the US.
Authors: Berg C.J. , Fong G.T. , Thrasher J.F. , Cohen J.E. , Maziak W. , Lando H. , Drope J. , Mejia R. , Barnoya J. , Nakkash R. , et al. .
Source: Addictive Behaviors, 2018 Dec; 87, p. 162-168.
EPub date: 2018-07-17 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 30041132
Related Citations

International differences in patterns of cannabis use among youth: Prevalence, perceptions of harm, and driving under the influence in Canada, England & United States.
Authors: Wadsworth E. , Hammond D. .
Source: Addictive Behaviors, 2018-11-01 00:00:00.0; 90, p. 171-175.
EPub date: 2018-11-01 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 30412908
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Delay discounting and e-cigarette use: An investigation in current, former, and never cigarette smokers.
Authors: Stein J.S. , Heckman B.W. , Pope D.A. , Perry E.S. , Fong G.T. , Cummings K.M. , Bickel W.K. .
Source: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 2018-10-01 00:00:00.0; 191, p. 165-173.
EPub date: 2018-08-11 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 30121475
Related Citations

Differences in patterns of cannabis use among youth: Prevalence, perceptions of harm and driving under the influence in the USA where non-medical cannabis markets have been established, proposed and prohibited.
Authors: Wadsworth E. , Hammond D. .
Source: Drug And Alcohol Review, 2018-07-10 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2018-07-10 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29992695
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Reported exposure to E-cigarette advertising and promotion in different regulatory environments: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country (ITC-4C) Survey.
Authors: Wadsworth E. , McNeill A. , Li L. , Hammond D. , Thrasher J.F. , Yong H.H. , Cummings K.M. , Fong G.T. , Hitchman S.C. .
Source: Preventive Medicine, 2018 Jul; 112, p. 130-137.
EPub date: 2018-04-17 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29678615
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Smokers' support for tobacco endgame measures in Canada: findings from the 2016 International Tobacco Control Smoking and Vaping Survey.
Authors: Chung-Hall J. , Fong G.T. , Driezen P. , Craig L. .
Source: Cmaj Open, 2018 Jul-Sep; 6(3), p. E412-E422.
EPub date: 2018-09-28 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 30266779
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Behavioral Economic Purchase Tasks to Estimate Demand for Novel Nicotine/Tobacco Products and Prospectively Predict Future Use: Evidence from the Netherlands.
Authors: Heckman B.W. , Cummings K.M. , Nahas G.J. , Willemsen M.C. , O'Connor R.J. , Borland R. , Hirsch A.A. , Bickel W.K. , Carpenter M.J. .
Source: Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal Of The Society For Research On Nicotine And Tobacco, 2018-03-14 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2018-03-14 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29547973
Related Citations

Acceptance and patterns of personal vaporizer use in Australia and the United Kingdom: Results from the International Tobacco Control survey.
Authors: Lee C. , Yong H.H. , Borland R. , McNeill A. , Hitchman S.C. .
Source: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 2018-02-10 00:00:00.0; 185, p. 142-148.
EPub date: 2018-02-10 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29448147
Related Citations

Do predictors of smoking relapse change as a function of duration of abstinence? Findings from the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Australia.
Authors: Yong H.H. , Borland R. , Cummings K.M. , Partos T. .
Source: Addiction (abingdon, England), 2018-02-06 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2018-02-06 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29405520
Related Citations

Brief Report: Lead Levels in Selected Electronic Cigarettes from Canada and the United States.
Authors: Dunbar Z.R. , Das A. , O'Connor R.J. , Goniewicz M.L. , Wei B. , Travers M.J. .
Source: International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health, 2018-01-19 00:00:00.0; 15(1), .
EPub date: 2018-01-19 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29351185
Related Citations

The Impact of Implementing Tobacco Control Policies: The 2017 Tobacco Control Policy Scorecard.
Authors: Levy D.T. , Tam J. , Kuo C. , Fong G.T. , Chaloupka F. .
Source: Journal Of Public Health Management And Practice : Jphmp, 2018-01-17 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2018-01-17 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29346189
Related Citations

Potential deaths averted in USA by replacing cigarettes with e-cigarettes.
Authors: Levy D.T. , Borland R. , Lindblom E.N. , Goniewicz M.L. , Meza R. , Holford T.R. , Yuan Z. , Luo Y. , O'Connor R.J. , Niaura R. , et al. .
Source: Tobacco Control, 2018 Jan; 27(1), p. 18-25.
EPub date: 2017-10-02 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 28970328
Related Citations

A Naturalistic, Randomized Pilot Trial of E-Cigarettes: Uptake, Exposure, and Behavioral Effects.
Authors: Carpenter M.J. , Heckman B.W. , Wahlquist A.E. , Wagener T.L. , Goniewicz M.L. , Gray K.M. , Froeliger B. , Cummings K.M. .
Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : A Publication Of The American Association For Cancer Research, Cosponsored By The American Society Of Preventive Oncology, 2017 Dec; 26(12), p. 1795-1803.
EPub date: 2017-11-10 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29127080
Related Citations

The Prevalence and Characteristics of E-Cigarette Users in the U.S.
Authors: Levy D.T. , Yuan Z. , Li Y. .
Source: International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health, 2017-10-11 00:00:00.0; 14(10), .
EPub date: 2017-10-11 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29019917
Related Citations

21st century neurobehavioral theories of decision making in addiction: Review and evaluation.
Authors: Bickel W.K. , Mellis A.M. , Snider S.E. , Athamneh L.N. , Stein J.S. , Pope D.A. .
Source: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, And Behavior, 2017-09-21 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2017-09-21 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 28942119
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The Relationship of E-Cigarette Use to Cigarette Quit Attempts and Cessation: Insights From a Large, Nationally Representative U.S. Survey.
Authors: Levy D.T. , Yuan Z. , Luo Y. , Abrams D.B. .
Source: Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal Of The Society For Research On Nicotine And Tobacco, 2017-08-31 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2017-08-31 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 29059341
Related Citations

Factors associated with future intentions to use personal vaporisers among those with some experience of vaping.
Authors: Ma B.H. , Yong H.H. , Borland R. , McNeill A. , Hitchman S.C. .
Source: Drug And Alcohol Review, 2017-05-31 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2017-05-31 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 28560806
Related Citations

Behavioral economic substitution between conventional cigarettes and e-cigarettes differs as a function of the frequency of e-cigarette use.
Authors: Snider S.E. , Cummings K.M. , Bickel W.K. .
Source: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 2017-05-19 00:00:00.0; 177, p. 14-22.
EPub date: 2017-05-19 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 28550711
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The Application Of A Decision-theoretic Model To Estimate The Public Health Impact Of Vaporized Nicotine Product Initiation In The United States
Authors: Levy D.T. , Borland R. , Villanti A.C. , Niaura R. , Yuan Z. , Zhang Y. , Meza R. , Holford T.R. , Fong G.T. , Cummings K.M. , et al. .
Source: Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal Of The Society For Research On Nicotine And Tobacco, 2017 Feb; 19(2), p. 149-159.
PMID: 27613952
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Developing Consistent and Transparent Models of E-cigarette Use: Reply to Glantz and Soneji et al.
Authors: Levy D.T. , Borland R. , Fong G.T. , Villanti A.C. , Niaura R. , Meza R. , Holford T.R. , Cummings K.M. , Abrams D.B. .
Source: Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal Of The Society For Research On Nicotine And Tobacco, 2017 Feb; 19(2), p. 268-270.
EPub date: 2016-10-06 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 28082477
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Communicating accurate and complete information.
Authors: Levy D.T. .
Source: Addictive Behaviors, 2017-01-26 00:00:00.0; , .
EPub date: 2017-01-26 00:00:00.0.
PMID: 28161153
Related Citations

A Framework For Evaluating The Public Health Impact Of E-cigarettes And Other Vaporized Nicotine Products
Authors: Levy D.T. , Cummings K.M. , Villanti A.C. , Niaura R. , Abrams D.B. , Fong G.T. , Borland R. .
Source: Addiction (abingdon, England), 2017 Jan; 112(1), p. 8-17.
PMID: 27109256
Related Citations

The Need For A Comprehensive Framework
Authors: Levy D.T. , Fong G.T. , Cummings K.M. , Borland R. , Abrams D.B. , Villanti A.C. , Niaura R. .
Source: Addiction (abingdon, England), 2017 Jan; 112(1), p. 22-24.
PMID: 27936507
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