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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA176196-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Cho, Hyunyi
Organization: Ohio State University
Project Title: Media Literacy Intervention for Indoor Tanning Prevention
Fiscal Year: 2017


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Exposure to the ultraviolet rays of indoor tanning increases the risk of melanoma, the fatal form of skin cancer. Despite the risk, young women frequent indoor tanning facilities. Research indicates that protanning social norms are associated with indoor tanning behavior and that an important source of protanning social norms is the mass media. To date, however, little research has investigated how to address the media effects and social norms on indoor tanning. We propose to address this gap in knowledge by evaluating a novel approach to indoor tanning prevention, media literacy interventions (MLIs). In the MLIs, participants will first critically analyze the content and functons of the media influencing protanning social norms (analysis) and on this basis will develop counter-messages to help themselves and peers resist protanning media effects and social norms (production). Furthermore, we will utilize innovative approaches to production: digital story production and digital argument production. By evaluating the efficacy of these novel approaches to production, we seek to improve the current MLIs. In addition to determining the efficacy of MLIs and digital story production, we will examine their cognitive, affective, and socil processes. A group-randomized controlled trial will evaluate the efficacy of the MLIs. Participants will be sorority member women (ages 18-24), clustered within their chapters (K=36). We will randomly assign sorority chapters to an MLI with digital story production group (k=12), an MLI with digital argument production group (k=12), and an assessment-only control group (k=12). The interventions will be delivered in October. The two MLIs will be compared against each other and against the control group in indoor tanning rates at 2 months in December, 4 months in February, and at 6 months in April. Mediation analyses will examine the postulated process of intervention effects. If effective, this study could inform future interventions in broad fields about how to use media literacy and participatory production of counter messages to empower community members to resist harmful media effects and social norms.


Social media literacy: A conceptual framework.
Authors: Cho H. , Cannon J. , Lopez R. , Li W. .
Source: New media & society, 2024 Feb; 26(2), p. 941-960.
EPub date: 2022-01-16.
PMID: 38328341
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Social processes of participatory engagement effects: A longitudinal examination with a sample of young women in the United States.
Authors: Cho H. , Song C. , Li W. , Adams D. .
Source: Journal of applied communication research : JACR, 2023; 51(3), p. 320-339.
EPub date: 2022-11-22.
PMID: 37287935
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Culture in Cancer Survivorship Interventions for Asian Americans: A Systematic Review and Critical Analyses.
Authors: Cao W. , Cho H. .
Source: Asian American journal of psychology, 2021 Mar; 12(1), p. 65-75.
EPub date: 2021-01-28.
PMID: 33959222
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Examining and Extending the Influence of Presumed Influence Hypothesis in Social Media.
Authors: Cho H. , Shen L. , Peng L. .
Source: Media psychology, 2021; 24(3), p. 413-435.
EPub date: 2020-02-18.
PMID: 34421390
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Efficacy and Mediators of a Web-Based Media Literacy Intervention for Indoor Tanning Prevention.
Authors: Cho H. , Song C.C. , Adams D. .
Source: Journal of health communication, 2020-02-01; 25(2), p. 105-114.
EPub date: 2020-01-26.
PMID: 31984873
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Mechanisms of Social Media Effects on Attitudes Toward E-Cigarette Use: Motivations, Mediators, and Moderators in a National Survey of Adolescents.
Authors: Cho H. , Li W. , Shen L. , Cannon J. .
Source: Journal of medical Internet research, 2019-06-27; 21(6), p. e14303.
EPub date: 2019-06-27.
PMID: 31250830
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Cultural Appropriateness in Health Communication: A Review and A Revised Framework.
Authors: Tan N.Q.P. , Cho H. .
Source: Journal of health communication, 2019; 24(5), p. 492-502.
EPub date: 2019-05-28.
PMID: 31132946
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Visual Cancer Communication on Social Media: An Examination of Content and Effects of #Melanomasucks.
Authors: Cho H. , Silver N. , Na K. , Adams D. , Luong K.T. , Song C. .
Source: Journal of medical Internet research, 2018-09-05; 20(9), p. e10501.
EPub date: 2018-09-05.
PMID: 30185403
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Efficacy of a Media Literacy Intervention for Indoor Tanning Prevention.
Authors: Cho H. , Yu B. , Cannon J. , Zhu Y.M. .
Source: Journal of health communication, 2018; 23(7), p. 643-651.
EPub date: 2018-07-30.
PMID: 30058942
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