Skip to main content
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA190238-03 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Antin, Tamar
Organization: Pacific Institute For Res And Evaluation
Project Title: Lgbt Adults and Tobacco Stigma: a Qualitative Study
Fiscal Year: 2017
Back to top


Abstract

 DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The primary focus of this proposed study is to consider the potential unintended consequences of tobacco denormalization strategies for LGBT adults. In particular, we will examine the processes of stigmatization as they relate to tobacco denormalization, tobacco use, and sexual and gender identities. This project expands our research portfolio on tobacco-related stigma. Currently we are funded to examine perceptions of tobacco denormalization among African American young adults in California. We will address the following aims: 1. Understand perceptions of tobacco denormalization strategies and related beliefs and attitudes about the stigmatization of tobacco among LGBT smokers and former smokers in California; 2. Examine the ways in which the stigmatization of tobacco use may intersect with sexual and gender identity stigmas; 3. Explore alternative strategies that may be more effective in reducing the prevalence of smoking among LGBT adults in California. This study includes 2 phases. In Phase 1, we will conduct asynchronous online group interviews in 10 forums where LGBT adults meet and engage online. Phase 2 will consist of 240 in-depth qualitative interviews conducted with LGBT adults who live in California. The sample will be stratified by sexual/gender identity status, smoking status (current smoker/former smoker), and age (young adults/adults) with 15 participants included in each cell. Complementing online group interviews with in-person individual interviews will help to reveal group norms and beliefs as well as the plurality of beliefs within the group to yield a more holistic understanding of study aims. Using a pattern-level approach to the analysis of the narrative data from phases 1 and 2, we will investigate the processes of tobacco-related stigmatization and its relationship to tobacco denormalization for LGBT adults, as well as how the overlapping stigmas of other social identities may shape the experience of tobacco-related stigma for LGBT adults. Results from the study will be disseminated through traditional conference presentations and academic journal publications, as well as through a project website that includes an accessible presentation of study findings and a social media forum to solicit feedback from study participants and people concerned about the high prevalence of smoking among LGBT adults. This application has important implications for developing an alternative and more equitable tobacco prevention strategy that minimizes rather than exacerbates health inequities for LGBT adults. Moreover, this project is situated within a broader public health framework that investigates reasons for unresponsiveness and/or resistance to social norming policies among marginalized minority groups. Findings from this study may have important implications for other types of public health policies as well as implications for researching the persistence of smoking among other minority groups.

Back to top


Publications

Truth Telling about Tobacco and Nicotine.
Authors: Annechino R. , Antin T.M.J. .
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2019-02-13; 16(4), .
EPub date: 2019-02-13.
PMID: 30781769
Related Citations

Queer Youth, Intoxication and Queer Drinking Spaces.
Authors: Hunt G. , Antin T. , Sanders E. , Sisneros M. .
Source: Journal of youth studies, 2019; 22(3), p. 380-400.
EPub date: 2018-08-20.
PMID: 31049019
Related Citations

Social media platforms as a photo-elicitation tool in research on alcohol intoxication and gender.
Authors: Laws R. , Hunt G. , Antin T.M.J. .
Source: Nordisk alkohol- & narkotikatidskrift : NAT, 2018 Aug; 35(4), p. 288-303.
EPub date: 2018-08-06.
PMID: 30245584
Related Citations

The "here and now" of youth: the meanings of smoking for sexual and gender minority youth.
Authors: Antin T.M.J. , Hunt G. , Sanders E. .
Source: Harm reduction journal, 2018-05-31; 15(1), p. 30.
EPub date: 2018-05-31.
PMID: 29855377
Related Citations

The Gendered Experience of Smoking Stigma: Implications for Tobacco Control.
Authors: Antin T.M.J. , Annechino R. , Hunt G. , Lipperman-Kreda S. , Young M. .
Source: Critical public health, 2017; 27(4), p. 443-454.
EPub date: 2016-10-26.
PMID: 29962663
Related Citations

Taking Sides in E-cigarette Research.
Authors: Annechino R. , Antin T. .
Source: Conference proceedings. Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Conference, 2016 Nov; 2016(1), p. 105-119.
EPub date: 2016-11-29.
PMID: 29456462
Related Citations

Tobacco Denormalization as a Public Health Strategy: Implications for Sexual and Gender Minorities.
Authors: Antin T.M. , Lipperman-Kreda S. , Hunt G. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2015 Dec; 105(12), p. 2426-9.
EPub date: 2015-10-15.
PMID: 26469677
Related Citations

Bodies and Behaviors as Taboo--The Gendered Stigma of Substance Use, a Commentary on Enefalk, Bailey, Griffin, and Shankar, and Harder and Demant.
Authors: Antin T.M. .
Source: Substance use & misuse, 2015 May; 50(6), p. 768-70.
PMID: 26086309
Related Citations




Back to Top