Skip to main content
Grant Details

Grant Number: 4R01CA164137-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Dubowitz, Tamara
Organization: Rand Corporation
Project Title: Impact of Greenspace Improvement on Physical Activity in a Low Income Community
Fiscal Year: 2016
Back to top


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Impact of greenspace improvement on physical activity in a low income community Dubowitz/PI PA-10-027 Regular physical activity (PA) contributes to a variety of positive health outcomes, including the prevention of obesity. Increasing evidence suggests that there are associations between a neighborhood environment conducive to PA (e.g., maintained greenspace) and levels of PA among its residents. However, it is unknown whether self-selection biases account for the associations, or whether geographic accessibility causally leads to greater PA. There have been repeated calls for longitudinal studies that could provide empirical evidence on environmental-level changes and their impact on PA behaviors, to strengthen the evidence base to inform greenspace policies and the use of public funds for environmental interventions, especially in low-income neighborhoods. In the near future, a low-income, predominantly African American neighborhood (the Hill District) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania will undergo a multi-million dollar endeavor to renovate approximately 30 acres of greenspace. This research will capitalize on a rare opportunity to evaluate this large natural experiment by assessing greenspace use and PA before and after renovations as well as changes in physical activity levels as measured by accelerometry among Hill residents relative to residents of Homewood, a demographically similar neighborhood in Pittsburgh that also has very limited greenspace but no immediate plans for renovation. We hypothesize that the greenspace renovations will result in increased PA, including more active transport and utilization of greenspace (i.e., parks, outdoor stairwells, connecting trails). Further, we will examine to the extent to which effects are mediated by social cognitive factors and moderated by perceived accessibility, social cohesion, and safety. We propose three specific aims: Specific Aim 1: Determine the impact of greenspace renovations on PA (e.g., minutes of moderate-to- vigorous PA (MVPA), sedentary behavior, active transport), measured by accelerometry and self-report, before renovations and 12 and 24 months post renovations compared to a matched control group. Specific Aim 2: Examine greenspace utilization for PA before and after renovations through direct observation and user surveys in the intervention and control neighborhoods. Specific Aim 3: Determine to what extent the impact of renovations on PA is: a) mediated by social norms and self-efficacy to engage in PA, and b) moderated by physical proximity to greenspace, perceived accessibility, social cohesion and safety. We will engage a large random sample (n=1320) of households from the Hill District and in Homewood. We will collect individual-level, greenspace utilization, and greenspace user data at baseline, 6-12 months and at 18 - 24 months post- renovations.

Back to top


Publications

A preliminary study of a composite sleep health score: associations with psychological distress, body mass index, and physical functioning in a low-income African American community.
Authors: DeSantis A.S. , Dubowitz T. , Ghosh-Dastidar B. , Hunter G.P. , Buman M. , Buysse D.J. , Hale L. , Troxel W.M. .
Source: Sleep health, 2019-06-14; , .
EPub date: 2019-06-14.
PMID: 31208939
Related Citations

Results from a natural experiment: initial neighbourhood investments do not change objectively-assessed physical activity, psychological distress or perceptions of the neighbourhood.
Authors: Dubowitz T. , Ghosh Dastidar M. , Richardson A.S. , Colabianchi N. , Beckman R. , Hunter G.P. , Sloan J.C. , Nugroho A.K. , Collins R.L. .
Source: The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 2019-03-27; 16(1), p. 29.
EPub date: 2019-03-27.
PMID: 30917831
Related Citations

Reliability and validity of environmental audits using GigaPan® technology in parks.
Authors: Nelson D.S. , Nezich T. , Antonakos C.L. , Dubowitz T. , Clarke P. , Colabianchi N. .
Source: Preventive medicine reports, 2019 Mar; 13, p. 293-297.
EPub date: 2019-01-21.
PMID: 30792943
Related Citations

Neighborhood disadvantage is associated with actigraphy-assessed sleep continuity and short sleep duration.
Authors: Troxel W.M. , DeSantis A. , Richardson A.S. , Beckman R. , Ghosh-Dastidar B. , Nugroho A. , Hale L. , Buysse D.J. , Buman M.P. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: Sleep, 2018-10-01; 41(10), .
PMID: 30016507
Related Citations

Validity of environmental audits using GigaPan® and Google Earth Technology.
Authors: Twardzik E. , Antonakos C. , Baiers R. , Dubowitz T. , Clarke P. , Colabianchi N. .
Source: International journal of health geographics, 2018-07-06; 17(1), p. 26.
EPub date: 2018-07-06.
PMID: 29980207
Related Citations

The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and body mass index among African American adults.
Authors: Flórez K.R. , Richardson A.S. , Ghosh-Dastidar M.B. , Troxel W. , DeSantis A. , Colabianchi N. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: SSM - population health, 2018 Apr; 4, p. 327-333.
EPub date: 2018-03-17.
PMID: 29854917
Related Citations

The association between discrimination and PTSD in African Americans: exploring the role of gender.
Authors: Brooks Holliday S. , Dubowitz T. , Haas A. , Ghosh-Dastidar B. , DeSantis A. , Troxel W.M. .
Source: Ethnicity & health, 2018-02-28; , p. 1-15.
EPub date: 2018-02-28.
PMID: 29490467
Related Citations

Park Use in Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods: Who Uses the Parks and Why?
Authors: Vaughan C.A. , Colabianchi N. , Hunter G.P. , Beckman R. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 2018 04; 95(2), p. 222-231.
PMID: 29427263
Related Citations

Can the introduction of a full-service supermarket in a food desert improve residents' economic status and health?
Authors: Richardson A.S. , Ghosh-Dastidar M. , Beckman R. , Flórez K.R. , DeSantis A. , Collins R.L. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: Annals of epidemiology, 2017 12; 27(12), p. 771-776.
PMID: 29198367
Related Citations

Pathways through which higher neighborhood crime is longitudinally associated with greater body mass index.
Authors: Richardson A.S. , Troxel W.M. , Ghosh-Dastidar M. , Hunter G.P. , Beckman R. , Colabianchi N. , Collins R.L. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 2017-11-09; 14(1), p. 155.
EPub date: 2017-11-09.
PMID: 29121957
Related Citations

Attitudes and Barriers to Healthy Diet and Physical Activity: A Latent Profile Analysis.
Authors: Vaughan C.A. , Ghosh-Dastidar M. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 2018 06; 45(3), p. 381-393.
EPub date: 2017-08-17.
PMID: 28817966
Related Citations

Is the association between neighborhood characteristics and sleep quality mediated by psychological distress? An analysis of perceived and objective measures of 2 Pittsburgh neighborhoods.
Authors: DeSantis A. , Troxel W.M. , Beckman R. , Ghosh-Dastidar B. , Hunter G.P. , Hale L. , Buysse D.J. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: Sleep health, 2016 12; 2(4), p. 277-282.
PMID: 28393098
Related Citations

One size doesn't fit all: cross-sectional associations between neighborhood walkability, crime and physical activity depends on age and sex of residents.
Authors: Richardson A.S. , Troxel W.M. , Ghosh-Dastidar M.B. , Beckman R. , Hunter G.P. , DeSantis A.S. , Colabianchi N. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: BMC public health, 2017-01-19; 17(1), p. 97.
EPub date: 2017-01-19.
PMID: 28103842
Related Citations

The Power of Place: Social Network Characteristics, Perceived Neighborhood Features, and Psychological Distress Among African Americans in the Historic Hill District in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Authors: Flórez K.R. , Ghosh-Dastidar M.B. , Beckman R. , de la Haye K. , Duru O.K. , Abraído-Lanza A.F. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: American journal of community psychology, 2016 09; 58(1-2), p. 60-8.
EPub date: 2016-09-09.
PMID: 27612324
Related Citations

Are Food Deserts Also Play Deserts?
Authors: Cohen D.A. , Hunter G. , Williamson S. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 2016 Apr; 93(2), p. 235-43.
PMID: 27033184
Related Citations

Rx exercise: physical activity is good medicine.
Authors: Stein B.D. , Dubowitz T. .
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2015 Oct; 54(10), p. 795-6.
PMID: 26407487
Related Citations

Are our actions aligned with our evidence? The skinny on changing the landscape of obesity.
Authors: Dubowitz T. , Ghosh-Dastidar M.B. , Steiner E. , Escarce J.J. , Collins R.L. .
Source: Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 2013 Mar; 21(3), p. 419-20.
PMID: 23592652
Related Citations




Back to Top