Skip to main content

COVID-19 Resources

What people with cancer should know: https://www.cancer.gov/coronavirus

Guidance for cancer researchers: https://www.cancer.gov/coronavirus-researchers

Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.covid19.nih.gov

Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA154419-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Holt, Cheryl
Organization: Univ Of Maryland, College Park
Project Title: Longitudinal Study of Religion and Cancer-Related Behaviors in Black Americans
Fiscal Year: 2015


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): African Americans are disproportionately affected by cancer when compared to other racial or ethnic groups. There are a number of social and cultural factors that relate to prevention and screening behaviors that impact cancer mortality rates. Religious/spiritual involvement appears to be one of these factors. We have two ongoing studies that are testing a theoretical model of religious/spiritual involvement and cancer risk, prevention, and screening behaviors, as well as physical and emotional functioning. A set of ten potential mediators are being examined among a national probability sample of African Americans. These are the first known studies to empirically test such models. During the interviews participants were asked if they would be willing to be re-contacted for a subsequent interview. Over 90 percent of participants have indicated yes. We now have a unique and time-sensitive opportunity to conduct a four-year follow-up of these two research cohorts, providing a longitudinal analysis of the relationships being examined in the parent studies. In addition, we propose to conduct a third wave of longitudinal data collection at six years post baseline. These additional waves of data collection will strengthen the meditational analyses in both of the parent studies. This would provide a much-needed longitudinal test of the religion-health connection, and to our knowledge the only longitudinal analysis of mediators of the religion-health connection. Finally, the proposed study would strengthen cause-effect interpretations, something that cannot be done with cross sectional data. The specific aims of the proposed study are to: (1) Expand two of our ongoing cross-sectional investigations into longitudinal cohort studies, by conducting a four-year and a six-year follow-up assessment among our cohort of 3,173 healthy African American adults; and (2) Develop and disseminate recommendations for practice, based on findings from Specific Aim #1. For example, we will identify mediators and outcomes that appear to be modifiable over time, and make recommendations on how to integrate important mediators through which religious/spiritual involvement impacts behavior, into existing cancer screening and prevention programs for African Americans. This could significantly improve effectiveness of programs delivered in faith-based settings, which could have an impact on cancer disparities.



Publications

Meaning in Life Predicts Decreased Depressive Symptoms and Increased Positive Affect over Time but Does Not Buffer Stress Effects in a National Sample of African-Americans.
Authors: Park C.L. , Knott C.L. , Williams R.M. , Clark E.M. , Williams B.R. , Schulz E. .
Source: Journal of happiness studies, 2020 Dec; 21(8), p. 3037-3049.
EPub date: 2020-01-01.
PMID: 33343225
Related Citations

A longitudinal examination of social support as a mediator of the personality-health relationship in a national sample of African Americans.
Authors: Clark E.M. , Ma L. , Knott C.L. , Williams B.R. , Park C.L. , Schulz E.K. , Ghosh D. .
Source: The Journal of black psychology, 2020-11-01; 46(8), p. 607-637.
EPub date: 2020-10-19.
PMID: 34354319
Related Citations

A Longitudinal Study of Religiosity, Spiritual Health Locus of Control, and Health Behaviors in a National Sample of African Americans.
Authors: Clark E.M. , Williams B.R. , Huang J. , Roth D.L. , Holt C.L. .
Source: Journal of religion and health, 2018 Dec; 57(6), p. 2258-2278.
PMID: 29322285
Related Citations

Positive and Negative Religious Coping Styles as Prospective Predictors of Well-Being in African Americans.
Authors: Park C.L. , Holt C.L. , Le D. , Christie J. , Williams B.R. .
Source: Psychology of religion and spirituality, 2018 Nov; 10(4), p. 318-326.
EPub date: 2017-04-27.
PMID: 30505376
Related Citations

Role of religious social support in longitudinal relationships between religiosity and health-related outcomes in African Americans.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Roth D.L. , Huang J. , Clark E.M. .
Source: Journal of behavioral medicine, 2018 02; 41(1), p. 62-73.
EPub date: 2017-08-03.
PMID: 28776192
Related Citations

Longitudinal effects of religious involvement on religious coping and health behaviors in a national sample of African Americans.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Roth D.L. , Huang J. , Park C.L. , Clark E.M. .
Source: Social science & medicine (1982), 2017 08; 187, p. 11-19.
EPub date: 2017-06-15.
PMID: 28645040
Related Citations

The relationship between religious beliefs and behaviors and changes in spiritual health locus of control over time in a national sample of African Americans.
Authors: Clark E.M. , Huang J. , Roth D.L. , Schulz E. , Williams B.R. , Holt C.L. .
Source: Mental health, religion & culture, 2017; 20(5), p. 449-463.
EPub date: 2017-10-11.
PMID: 29398951
Related Citations

Religious Participation is Associated with Increases in Religious Social Support in a National Longitudinal Study of African Americans.
Authors: Le D. , Holt C.L. , Hosack D.P. , Huang J. , Clark E.M. .
Source: Journal of religion and health, 2016 Aug; 55(4), p. 1449-60.
PMID: 26493343
Related Citations

Religious Involvement and Health over Time: Predictive Effects in a National Sample of African Americans.
Authors: Roth D.L. , Usher T. , Clark E.M. , Holt C.L. .
Source: Journal for the scientific study of religion, 2016 06; 55(2), p. 417-424.
EPub date: 2016-08-09.
PMID: 28502992
Related Citations

Gender differences in the roles of religion and locus of control on alcohol use and smoking among African Americans.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Roth D.L. , Huang J. , Clark E.M. .
Source: Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 2015 May; 76(3), p. 482-92.
PMID: 25978836
Related Citations

Participant Retention in a Longitudinal National Telephone Survey of African American Men and Women.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Le D. , Calvanelli J. , Huang J. , Clark E.M. , Roth D.L. , Williams B. , Schulz E. .
Source: Ethnicity & disease, 2015 Spring; 25(2), p. 187-92.
PMID: 26118147
Related Citations

Religion and health in African Americans: the role of religious coping.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Clark E.M. , Debnam K.J. , Roth D.L. .
Source: American journal of health behavior, 2014 Mar; 38(2), p. 190-9.
PMID: 24629548
Related Citations

Positive self-perceptions as a mediator of religious involvement and health behaviors in a national sample of African Americans.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Roth D.L. , Clark E.M. , Debnam K. .
Source: Journal of behavioral medicine, 2014 Feb; 37(1), p. 102-12.
EPub date: 2012-11-11.
PMID: 23143382
Related Citations

Positive and Negative Religious Beliefs Explaining the Religion-Health Connection Among African Americans.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Clark E.M. , Roth D.L. .
Source: The International journal for the psychology of religion, 2014; 24(4), p. 311-331.
EPub date: 2013-08-05.
PMID: 28546736
Related Citations

Religious involvement measurement model in a national sample of African Americans.
Authors: Roth D.L. , Mwase I. , Holt C.L. , Clark E.M. , Lukwago S.N. , Kreuter M.W. .
Source: Journal of religion and health, 2012 Jun; 51(2), p. 567-78.
PMID: 21416161
Related Citations

Relationship between religious social support and general social support with health behaviors in a national sample of African Americans.
Authors: Debnam K. , Holt C.L. , Clark E.M. , Roth D.L. , Southward P. .
Source: Journal of behavioral medicine, 2012 Apr; 35(2), p. 179-89.
EPub date: 2011-04-13.
PMID: 21487724
Related Citations

Spiritual health locus of control and health behaviors in African Americans.
Authors: Debnam K.J. , Holt C.L. , Clark E.M. , Roth D.L. , Foushee H.R. , Crowther M. , Fouad M. , Southward P.L. .
Source: American journal of health behavior, 2012 Mar; 36(3), p. 360-72.
PMID: 22370437
Related Citations

Development and validation of an instrument to assess perceived social influence on health behaviors.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Clark E.M. , Roth D.L. , Crowther M. , Kohler C. , Fouad M. , Foushee R. , Lee P.A. , Southward P.L. .
Source: Journal of health psychology, 2010 Nov; 15(8), p. 1225-35.
EPub date: 2010-06-03.
PMID: 20522506
Related Citations

Development and Validation of Instruments to Assess Potential Religion-Health Mechanisms in an African American Population.
Authors: Holt C.L. , Clark E.M. , Roth D. , Crowther M. , Kohler C. , Fouad M. , Foushee R. , Lee P.A. , Southward P.L. .
Source: The Journal of black psychology, 2009-05-01; 35(2), p. 271-288.
PMID: 19774107
Related Citations




Back to Top