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Grant Details

Grant Number: 1R15CA176600-01A1 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Ku, Leighton
Organization: George Washington University
Project Title: Medicaid Tobacco Cessation: State Policies and Effectiveness
Fiscal Year: 2014


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This application for an R15 Area Research Enhancement Award (AREA) is designed to examine the effectiveness of state Medicaid tobacco cessation policies. Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death and of cancer in the United States. Recent research demonstrates that a robust state program can lead to lower smoking rates, reduced cardiovascular hospitalizations and save $3 in hospital costs for every $1 invested. The three specific aims are: (1) to develop and analyze new data about the utilization of Medicaid tobacco cessation treatments at state levels from 2003 to 2011, based on Medicaid drug rebate files, and to link these to other state tobacco control and Medicaid policies, (2) to assess factors related to higher Medicaid treatment utilization using mixed mode research, including pooled time series panel analysis across the nation and case studies of six states, and (3) to examine the relationship between changes in states' Medicaid treatment utilization and other state policies with individual-level behaviors, including overall smoking prevalence and quit rates, using the 2003, 2006-7 and 2010-11 Tobacco Use Supplements of the Current Population Survey. The findings will provide better insights into Medicaid tobacco cessation efforts and the factors that lead to more effective policies. In keeping with the goals of AREA funding announcements, students will be integral to the research process; the co-investigator is a mid-career PhD student and another graduate student will be supported. Analyses from this project will also be incorporated into the statistics course work, exposing a much larger number of students to the research. Our school has had relatively few NIH funded projects and receipt of this NIH funded project will help build our ability to conduct and compete for NIH- funded academic research.


How Medicaid and Other Public Policies Affect Use of Tobacco Cessation Therapy, United States, 2010-2014.
Authors: Ku L. , Brantley E. , Bysshe T. , Steinmetz E. , Bruen B.K. .
Source: Preventing chronic disease, 2016-10-27; 13, p. E150.
EPub date: 2016-10-27.
PMID: 27788063
Related Citations

Medicaid Tobacco Cessation: Big Gaps Remain In Efforts To Get Smokers To Quit.
Authors: Ku L. , Bruen B.K. , Steinmetz E. , Bysshe T. .
Source: Health affairs (Project Hope), 2016 Jan; 35(1), p. 62-70.
PMID: 26733702
Related Citations

Crossing Boundaries.
Authors: Ku L. , Steinmetz E. , Bysshe T. , Bruen B.K. .
Source: Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974), 2017 Mar/Apr; 132(2), p. 164-170.
EPub date: 2017-02-13.
PMID: 28192676
Related Citations

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