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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R03CA162207-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Brooks, Jennifer
Organization: Sloan-Kettering Inst Can Research
Project Title: Epidemiology of Mri Parenchymal Enhancement: a New Marker of Breast Cancer Risk
Fiscal Year: 2013
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): During breast MRI screening a contrast agent is administered to aid in the visualization of tumors, which enhances (becomes brighter). Normal breast tissue also enhances on MRI (termed background parenchymal enhancement [BPE]) and we have shown that the degree to which this normal tissue enhances is strongly associated with breast cancer risk. It is not clear why this would be the case and the biological underpinnings of what this enhancement represents are not known. The objective of the current study is to determine the relationship between known breast cancer risk factors and BPE and to develop and validate a computer-assisted quantitative approach to the measurement of BPE. It is hypothesized that BPE may represent the breast tissue response to the hormonal profile of a woman, making it a good indicator of breast cancer risk. This will be the largest study of BPE measurements in any group of women to date and the first to address the need for a quantitative method of measurement. Three specific aims will be addressed to test our primary hypothesis and to address the overall objective of this application: 1) Develop and validate an objective quantitative measure of BPE using software for analyzing breast MRIs available at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), 2) Explore the relationship between BPE on MRI and known breast cancer risk factors in healthy high-risk pre- and post-menopausal women and 3) Determine the relationship between serum hormone levels at the time of MRI and degree of BPE in healthy high-risk postmenopausal women. The results of this study will provide crucial information regarding the relationship between BPE, a new highly predictive indicator of breast cancer risk, and known breast cancer risk factors including circulating levels of hormones. Additionally, the quantitative method developed here will yield a continuous measure of BPE, one that is expected to provide a more accurate picture of the relationship between BPE and breast cancer risk than the four-point categorical scale used by radiologists. This will allow for better classification of already high-risk women (i.e., those with a family or personal history of breast cancer). The proposed research is significant because it will begin to characterize this novel marker of risk, providing the foundation necessary for future studies exploring the relationship between BPE and breast cancer risk.

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Publications

MRI background parenchymal enhancement, breast density and serum hormones in postmenopausal women.
Authors: Brooks J.D. , Sung J.S. , Pike M.C. , Orlow I. , Stanczyk F.Z. , Bernstein J.L. , Morris E.A. .
Source: International journal of cancer, 2018-08-15; 143(4), p. 823-830.
EPub date: 2018-03-25.
PMID: 29524207
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