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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA087571-09 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Daynard, Richard
Organization: Northeastern University
Project Title: Influence of Personal Responsibility Rhetoric on Public Health Outcomes in Judici
Fiscal Year: 2013
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Abstract

Project Summary The investigators propose to examine the tobacco, fast food and sweetened beverage industries' use of personal responsibility rhetoric in legal and regulatory forums where many public health policies, both positive and negative, are created. As a response to legal context, the tobacco industry invokes personal responsibility rhetoric to focus attention away from its conduct and toward the individual in responding to the harm. When used as the basis of legislative and regulatory oversight, in judicial proceedings, or in other forums of law and policy formation, the concept of personal responsibility exploited rhetorically to obscure or shift attention from larger structural determinants - including culpable actors - that adversely affect the public's health. The investigators will identify the judicial, regulatory, legislative operational processes and related media coverage that have facilitated the use of personal responsibility rhetoric by the tobacco industry and those processes that have resisted such rhetoric in favor of analyses of structural determinants of health behaviors. The tobacco industry's personal responsibility rhetoric may also serve as a model for other commercial interests faced with the recognition that their products are harming the public's health. The investigators will examine rhetoric in the judicial, regulatory, legislative forums and related media by the fast food and sweetened beverage industries in their identified role in the obesity epidemic and compare their rhetoric with that deployed by the tobacco industry. Research will be oriented around nine key law and policy events, which will function as the investigators' theoretical samples. The theory is that the use of personal responsibility rhetoric shields from scrutiny in the judicial, regulatory and legislative forums commercially engineered determinants of health behavior. In addition to traditional law and policy research, the investigators rely on ethnographic content analysis to examine datasets containing internal industry tobacco documents, legal documents generated in the relevant legal forums, news media coverage, industry public relations documents and other documentation of conduct by the tobacco, fast food and sweetened beverage industries. The investigators will develop an initial coding scheme based on a preliminary literature reviews and examination of samples of text in the identified datasets. The investigators will test the coding on samples from the identified datasets. The study findings will be described in articles to be published in peer-reviewed publications and actively disseminated through participation in scholarly forums.

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Publications

"We're Part of the Solution": Evolution of the Food and Beverage Industry's Framing of Obesity Concerns Between 2000 and 2012.
Authors: Nixon L. , Mejia P. , Cheyne A. , Wilking C. , Dorfman L. , Daynard R. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2015 Nov; 105(11), p. 2228-36.
EPub date: 2015-09-17.
PMID: 26378841
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Fast-food fights: news coverage of local efforts to improve food environments through land-use regulations, 2001-2013. [corrected].
Authors: Nixon L. , Mejia P. , Dorfman L. , Cheyne A. , Young S. , Friedman L.C. , Gottlieb M.A. , Wooten H. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2015 Mar; 105(3), p. 490-6.
EPub date: 2015-01-20.
PMID: 25602875
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Tobacco industry use of personal responsibility rhetoric in public relations and litigation: disguising freedom to blame as freedom of choice.
Authors: Friedman L.C. , Cheyne A. , Givelber D. , Gottlieb M.A. , Daynard R.A. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2015 Feb; 105(2), p. 250-60.
PMID: 25521876
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Retail impact of raising tobacco sales age to 21 years.
Authors: Winickoff J.P. , Hartman L. , Chen M.L. , Gottlieb M. , Nabi-Burza E. , DiFranza J.R. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2014 Nov; 104(11), p. e18-21.
EPub date: 2014-09-11.
PMID: 25211755
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The debate on regulating menthol cigarettes: closing a dangerous loophole vs freedom of choice.
Authors: Cheyne A. , Dorfman L. , Daynard R.A. , Mejia P. , Gottlieb M. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2014 Jul; 104(7), p. e54-61.
EPub date: 2014-05-15.
PMID: 24832437
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Dorfman et al. respond.
Authors: Dorfman L. , Cheyne A. , Gottlieb M.A. , Mejia P. , Nixon L. , Friedman L.C. , Daynard R.A. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2014 Jun; 104(6), p. e3.
EPub date: 2014-04-17.
PMID: 24825228
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The origins of personal responsibility rhetoric in news coverage of the tobacco industry.
Authors: Mejia P. , Dorfman L. , Cheyne A. , Nixon L. , Friedman L. , Gottlieb M. , Daynard R. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2014 Jun; 104(6), p. 1048-51.
EPub date: 2014-04-17.
PMID: 24825205
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Children's reaction to depictions of healthy foods in fast-food television advertisements.
Authors: Bernhardt A.M. , Wilking C. , Gottlieb M. , Emond J. , Sargent J.D. .
Source: JAMA pediatrics, 2014 May; 168(5), p. 422-6.
PMID: 24686476
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Cigarettes become a dangerous product: tobacco in the rearview mirror, 1952-1965.
Authors: Dorfman L. , Cheyne A. , Gottlieb M.A. , Mejia P. , Nixon L. , Friedman L.C. , Daynard R.A. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2014 Jan; 104(1), p. 37-46.
EPub date: 2013-11-14.
PMID: 24228675
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Beyond cheeseburgers: the impact of commonsense consumption acts on future obesity-related lawsuits.
Authors: Wilking C.L. , Daynard R.A. .
Source: Food and drug law journal, 2013; 68(3), p. 229-39, i.
PMID: 24640608
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Soda and tobacco industry corporate social responsibility campaigns: how do they compare?
Authors: Dorfman L. , Cheyne A. , Friedman L.C. , Wadud A. , Gottlieb M. .
Source: PLoS medicine, 2012; 9(6), p. e1001241.
EPub date: 2012-06-19.
PMID: 22723745
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Ethical implications of physician involvement in lawsuits on behalf of the tobacco industry.
Authors: Alderman J. .
Source: The Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 2007 Winter; 35(4), p. 692-8, 513.
PMID: 18076519
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Philip Morris's website and television commercials use new language to mislead the public into believing it has changed its stance on smoking and disease.
Authors: Friedman L.C. .
Source: Tobacco control, 2007 Dec; 16(6), p. e9.
PMID: 18048599
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Scottish court dismisses a historic smoker's suit.
Authors: Friedman L. , Daynard R. .
Source: Tobacco control, 2007 Oct; 16(5), p. e4.
PMID: 17897973
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Tobacco industry lawyers as "disease vectors".
Authors: Guardino S.D. , Daynard R.A. .
Source: Tobacco control, 2007 Aug; 16(4), p. 224-8.
PMID: 17652236
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Tobacco industry use of judicial seminars to influence rulings in products liability litigation.
Authors: Friedman L.C. .
Source: Tobacco control, 2006 Apr; 15(2), p. 120-4.
PMID: 16565460
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The role of litigation in tobacco control.
Authors: Miura M. , Daynard R.A. , Samet J.M. .
Source: Salud publica de Mexico, 2006; 48 Suppl 1, p. S121-36.
PMID: 17684674
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Applying lessons from tobacco litigation to obesity lawsuits.
Authors: Alderman J. , Daynard R.A. .
Source: American journal of preventive medicine, 2006 Jan; 30(1), p. 82-8.
PMID: 16414429
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Junking good science: undoing Daubert v Merrill Dow through cross-examination and argument.
Authors: Givelber D. , Strickler L. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2006 Jan; 96(1), p. 33-7.
EPub date: 2005-11-29.
PMID: 16317200
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Public health vs. Philip Morris: is it a zero-sum game?
Authors: Daynard R.A. .
Source: Journal of public health policy, 2005 Dec; 26(4), p. 469-73.
PMID: 16392745
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How tobacco-friendly science escapes scrutiny in the courtroom.
Authors: Friedman L.C. , Daynard R.A. , Banthin C.N. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2005; 95 Suppl 1, p. S16-20.
PMID: 16030332
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