Skip Navigation
National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA129060-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Han, Hae-Ra
Organization: Johns Hopkins University
Project Title: Better Breast and Cervical Cancer Control for Korean American Women
Fiscal Year: 2012
Back to top


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite considerable progress made in U.S. cancer control during the past 20 years, certain ethnic minority groups continue to experience significant health disparities. Breast and cervical cancer screening rates for Korean American (KA) women are far below the national goal, and below rates reported for other ethnic groups. As a result, KA women are often diagnosed at a later stage of cancer which can lead to a poor prognosis, high mortality, and subsequent emotional and financial burdens. Limited health literacy is emerging as a far-reaching, major barrier to cancer prevention behaviors, particularly among non-English speaking immigrant populations. This research application is formulated to answer research questions that address critical knowledge gaps in cancer control intervention research for linguistically and/or socially isolated ethnic minority communities using the KA community as an example. These questions are: (1) whether a health literacy-focused intervention using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) process will be effective in promoting health literacy and increasing breast and cervical cancer screening rates among KA women; and (2) whether a tailored intervention delivered by community health workers (CHWs) will be effective in such a community. The proposed study is a community-based, cluster-randomized clinical trial with two parallel arms, with a delayed intervention. A longitudinal repeated measures design will allow us to determine the effectiveness of the proposed health literacy-focused tailored cancer control intervention delivered by CHWs. A total of 480 KA women will participate in the study. The primary outcome of this study will be adherence to breast and cervical cancer screening. We hypothesize that, as compared to KA women in the control (delayed intervention) group, KA women who receive our literacy-focused tailored CHW intervention will demonstrate higher levels of adherence to screening for breast and cervical cancer. Through implementation of these research activities, we expect to establish a mechanism for disseminating critical health information for this population and to enhance a community network which will facilitate community access to breast and cervical cancer screening. While the focus of this research project is health literacy promotion and breast and cervical cancer screening among KA women, the core principles and methodology of this intervention can provide insights toward development of effective, culturally sensitive health literacy programs to meet the needs of socially and/or linguistically isolated minority groups with inadequate cancer control throughout the United States. PUBLIC HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE: Korean American (KA) women have the second highest incidence of cervical cancer nationally and are experiencing rapid increases in breast cancer incidence. Limited capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services to make appropriate health decisions (i.e., limited health literacy) is a major barrier to early detection of cancer among KA women. This study proposes to test if a health literacy-focused intervention using a community- based participatory research process will be effective in promoting health literacy and increasing breast and cervical cancer screening rates among KA women; and (2) whether a tailored intervention delivered by trained community health workers will be effective in such a community.

Back to top


Effects Of Community-based Health Worker Interventions To Improve Chronic Disease Management And Care Among Vulnerable Populations: A Systematic Review
Authors: Kim K. , Choi J.S. , Choi E. , Nieman C.L. , Joo J.H. , Lin F.R. , Gitlin L.N. , Han H.R. .
Source: American Journal Of Public Health, 2016 Apr; 106(4), p. e3-e28.
PMID: 26890177
Related Citations

Community Health Worker Perspectives On Recruitment And Retention Of Recent Immigrant Women In A Randomized Clinical Trial
Authors: Choi E. , Heo G.J. , Song Y. , Han H.R. .
Source: Family & Community Health, 2016 Jan-Mar; 39(1), p. 53-61.
PMID: 26605955
Related Citations

Correlates Of Misperception Of Breast Cancer Risk Among Korean-american Women
Authors: Kim J. , Huh B.Y. , Han H.R. .
Source: Women & Health, 2015-11-18 00:00:00.0; , p. 1-16.
PMID: 26580449
Related Citations

Economic Evaluation Of A Community Health Worker-led Health Literacy Intervention To Promote Cancer Screening Among Korean American Women
Authors: Schuster A.L. , Frick K.D. , Huh B.Y. , Kim K.B. , Kim M. , Han H.R. .
Source: Journal Of Health Care For The Poor And Underserved, 2015 May; 26(2), p. 431-40.
PMID: 25913341
Related Citations

Knowledge, Perceptions, And Decision Making About Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Among Korean American Women: A Focus Group Study
Authors: Kim K. , Kim B. , Choi E. , Song Y. , Han H.R. .
Source: Women's Health Issues : Official Publication Of The Jacobs Institute Of Women's Health, 2015 Mar-Apr; 25(2), p. 112-9.
PMID: 25747518
Related Citations

Development And Validation Of The Assessment Of Health Literacy In Breast And Cervical Cancer Screening
Authors: Han H.R. , Huh B. , Kim M.T. , Kim J. , Nguyen T. .
Source: Journal Of Health Communication, 2014; 19 Suppl 2, p. 267-84.
PMID: 25315598
Related Citations

Measuring Health Literacy Among Immigrants With A Phonetic Primary Language: A Case Of Korean American Women
Authors: Han H.R. , Kim J. , Kim M.T. , Kim K.B. .
Source: Journal Of Immigrant And Minority Health / Center For Minority Public Health, 2011 Apr; 13(2), p. 253-9.
PMID: 20585985
Related Citations

Interventions That Increase Use Of Pap Tests Among Ethnic Minority Women: A Meta-analysis
Authors: Han H.R. , Kim J. , Lee J.E. , Hedlin H.K. , Song H. , Song Y. , Kim M.T. .
Source: Psycho-oncology, 2011 Apr; 20(4), p. 341-51.
PMID: 20878847
Related Citations

A Meta-analysis Of Interventions To Promote Mammography Among Ethnic Minority Women
Authors: Han H.R. , Lee J.E. , Kim J. , Hedlin H.K. , Song H. , Kim M.T. .
Source: Nursing Research, 2009 Jul-Aug; 58(4), p. 246-54.
PMID: 19609176
Related Citations