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National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 3U01CA130762-04S1 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Baranowski, Tom
Organization: Baylor College Of Medicine
Project Title: Food Intake Recording Software System: Version 4
Fiscal Year: 2010
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DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24hdr) are the preferred method in assessing habitual dietary intake because they provide: the most accurate data, estimates of actual intake (as opposed to relative ranking), details on meal and snack consumption, day-of-week consumption, and other correlates of dietary intake (e.g. source of foods, location of eating, who was present during the eating event). Unfortunately, widespread use of 24hdr methods is limited due to the high cost of certified dietitians performing in-person, one-on-one recall sessions and expensive computer-based systems to assist the dietitians. Most current 24hdr methods used with children are also limited by relying on text descriptions of foods and food portions instead of pictures. FIRSSt2 (Food Intake Recording Software System, version 2) was a low-cost, picture- based, computerized 24hdr system targeted to children for quantifying just fruit and vegetable intake. FIRSSt2's promising results eliminated the need for one-on-one dietitian interviews and more expensive dietary assessment software. We have initiated creation of FIRSSt4. FIRSSt4 advances beyond FIRSSt2 in many ways, including 9000+ photographs of foods in progressively larger portion sizes and animated avatars to guide children through the experience. There are several questions that need to be answered to optimize the effectiveness of FIRSSt4:1) How well do children categorize foods into provided categories? Are there ages below which food categorization schemes substantially differ? 2) What should the screen size be for food related plates, utensils and foods? 3) What is an optimal food search strategy? and 4) What is an optimal approach to food portion estimation? This grant application proposes to do four formative research projects to answer these questions, complete FIRSSt4 based on what was learned from the formative research and validate the resulting FIRSSt4 program. Public Health: FIRSSt4 will be a computerized method for conducting 24 hour dietary recalls with children that will be at least the quality of 24 hour dietary recalls conducted by dietitians, but much lower cost per recall (due to not needing expensive dietitians to conduct the recalls). Increased use of inexpensive dietary assessment tools will be invaluable as part of genetic or disparities research with children, when multiple days of assessment are possible.

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None. See parent grant details.