Skip to main content
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA107333-06 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Limburg, Paul
Organization: Mayo Clinic Rochester
Project Title: Molecular Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Subtypes
Fiscal Year: 2010
Back to top


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of malignant death in the United States. Although environmental factors appear to be important in modulating CRC risk, the intracellular events associated with most disease-modifying exposure agents remain incompletely defined. Observations from a small number of retrospective studies suggest that some environmental factors, particularly those which might directly or indirectly influence the interrelated network of biochemical reactions involved in one-carbon metabolism, may be associated with alternate pathways of colorectal carcinogenesis. In the present application, we propose to examine the molecular epidemiology of sporadic CRC subtypes in a population-based cohort study. Our specific aims are to examine associations between cigarette smoking, estrogen exposure, and folate intake with distinct CRC subtypes defined by microsatellite instability phenotype, Ki-ras or p53 gene mutations, and CpG island methylator phenotype. The tissue resources generated for this project will also facilitate future, highly cost-efficient, analyses of other candidate exposures as new data emerge to support potential associations with specific genetic/epigenetic mechanisms of carcinogenesis. Thus, the PI (new investigator) should be able to derive extended benefits and demonstrate exceptional productivity from the current application. Achievement of the stated specific aims for our present study will capitalize upon data and tissue resources from the Iowa Women's Health Study cohort. Paraffin-embedded tissue samples will be collected from subjects who were diagnosed with incident CRCs between 1991and 2000. DNA will be extracted for genetic and epigenetic analyses and microscopy slides will be cut for immunohistochemical staining. To date, no prospective data have been reported regarding molecularly defined CRC risk associations. As designed, the proposed study addresses a research priority area identified by the NCI sponsored CRC Progress Review Group and is consistent with the objectives of a recent NCI Program Announcement (PA-04-099). Successful completion of this project should yield novel, informative data regarding the colorectal carcinogenic pathways influenced by common exposure agents. Categorization of sporadic CRCs into molecularly-defined subtypes is likely to be rewarding, because the increased tumor homogeneity should permit more accurate assessment of potentially etiologic risk associations. Further investigation of the molecular epidemiology of sporadic CRC should also permit the development of more precise pathogenic models for this disease, which may foster novel intervention strategies at multiple levels, including risk stratification, early detection, behavioral modification, chemoprevention, and/or chemotherapy.

Back to top


Publications

Cytotoxic T Cells and Granzyme B Associated with Improved Colorectal Cancer Survival in a Prospective Cohort of Older Women.
Authors: Prizment A.E. , Vierkant R.A. , Smyrk T.C. , Tillmans L.S. , Nelson H.H. , Lynch C.F. , Pengo T. , Thibodeau S.N. , Church T.R. , Cerhan J.R. , et al. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2017 04; 26(4), p. 622-631.
EPub date: 2016-12-15.
PMID: 27979806
Related Citations

Tumor eosinophil infiltration and improved survival of colorectal cancer patients: Iowa Women's Health Study.
Authors: Prizment A.E. , Vierkant R.A. , Smyrk T.C. , Tillmans L.S. , Lee J.J. , Sriramarao P. , Nelson H.H. , Lynch C.F. , Thibodeau S.N. , Church T.R. , et al. .
Source: Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 2016 05; 29(5), p. 516-27.
EPub date: 2016-02-26.
PMID: 26916075
Related Citations

Tumor Budding in Colorectal Carcinoma: Confirmation of Prognostic Significance and Histologic Cutoff in a Population-based Cohort.
Authors: Graham R.P. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Laird P.W. , Weisenberger D.J. , Lynch C.F. , French A.J. , Slager S.L. , Raissian Y. , et al. .
Source: The American journal of surgical pathology, 2015 Oct; 39(10), p. 1340-6.
PMID: 26200097
Related Citations

Associations between Environmental Exposures and Incident Colorectal Cancer by ESR2 Protein Expression Level in a Population-Based Cohort of Older Women.
Authors: Tillmans L.S. , Vierkant R.A. , Wang A.H. , Samadder N.J. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , Haile R.W. , Harnack L.J. , Potter J.D. , et al. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2015 Apr; 24(4), p. 713-9.
EPub date: 2015-02-03.
PMID: 25650184
Related Citations

Association between molecular subtypes of colorectal cancer and patient survival.
Authors: Phipps A.I. , Limburg P.J. , Baron J.A. , Burnett-Hartman A.N. , Weisenberger D.J. , Laird P.W. , Sinicrope F.A. , Rosty C. , Buchanan D.D. , Potter J.D. , et al. .
Source: Gastroenterology, 2015 Jan; 148(1), p. 77-87.e2.
EPub date: 2014-09-30.
PMID: 25280443
Related Citations

Associations between cigarette smoking, hormone therapy, and folate intake with incident colorectal cancer by TP53 protein expression level in a population-based cohort of older women.
Authors: Tillmans L.S. , Vierkant R.A. , Wang A.H. , Jewel Samadder N. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , Haile R.W. , Harnack L.J. , Potter J.D. , et al. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2014 Feb; 23(2), p. 350-5.
EPub date: 2013-12-16.
PMID: 24343843
Related Citations

Associations between colorectal cancer molecular markers and pathways with clinicopathologic features in older women.
Authors: Samadder N.J. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Weisenberger D.J. , Laird P.W. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , Haile R.W. , et al. .
Source: Gastroenterology, 2013 Aug; 145(2), p. 348-56.e1-2.
EPub date: 2013-05-07.
PMID: 23665275
Related Citations

Postmenopausal hormone therapy and colorectal cancer risk by molecularly defined subtypes among older women.
Authors: Limsui D. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Weisenberger D.J. , Laird P.W. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , Haile R.W. , et al. .
Source: Gut, 2012 Sep; 61(9), p. 1299-305.
EPub date: 2011-10-24.
PMID: 22027477
Related Citations

Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer risk by KRAS mutation status among older women.
Authors: Samadder N.J. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , Haile R.W. , Harnack L.J. , Potter J.D. , et al. .
Source: The American journal of gastroenterology, 2012 May; 107(5), p. 782-9.
EPub date: 2012-02-21.
PMID: 22349355
Related Citations

Postmenopausal hormone therapy and colorectal cancer risk in relation to somatic KRAS mutation status among older women.
Authors: Limburg P.J. , Limsui D. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , Haile R.W. , Harnack L.J. , et al. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2012 Apr; 21(4), p. 681-4.
EPub date: 2012-02-15.
PMID: 22337533
Related Citations

Associations between intake of folate and related micronutrients with molecularly defined colorectal cancer risks in the Iowa Women's Health Study.
Authors: Razzak A.A. , Oxentenko A.S. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Weisenberger D.J. , Laird P.W. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , et al. .
Source: Nutrition and cancer, 2012; 64(7), p. 899-910.
PMID: 23061900
Related Citations

Alcohol intake and colorectal cancer risk by molecularly defined subtypes in a prospective study of older women.
Authors: Razzak A.A. , Oxentenko A.S. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Weisenberger D.J. , Laird P.W. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , et al. .
Source: Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.), 2011 Dec; 4(12), p. 2035-43.
EPub date: 2011-09-07.
PMID: 21900595
Related Citations

Body size and incident colorectal cancer: a prospective study of older women.
Authors: Oxentenko A.S. , Bardia A. , Vierkant R.A. , Wang A.H. , Anderson K.E. , Campbell P.T. , Sellers T.A. , Folsom A.R. , Cerhan J.R. , Limburg P.J. .
Source: Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.), 2010 Dec; 3(12), p. 1608-20.
EPub date: 2010-08-18.
PMID: 20719902
Related Citations

Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer risk by molecularly defined subtypes.
Authors: Limsui D. , Vierkant R.A. , Tillmans L.S. , Wang A.H. , Weisenberger D.J. , Laird P.W. , Lynch C.F. , Anderson K.E. , French A.J. , Haile R.W. , et al. .
Source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2010-07-21; 102(14), p. 1012-22.
EPub date: 2010-06-29.
PMID: 20587792
Related Citations

Prospective evaluation of trans-fatty acid intake and colorectal cancer risk in the Iowa Women's Health Study.
Authors: Limburg P.J. , Liu-Mares W. , Vierkant R.A. , Wang A.H. , Harnack L. , Flood A.P. , Sellers T.A. , Cerhan J.R. .
Source: International journal of cancer, 2008-12-01; 123(11), p. 2717-9.
PMID: 18767047
Related Citations




Back to Top