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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R21CA135669-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Ybarra, Michele
Organization: Center For Innovative Public Health Research
Project Title: Smoking Cessation Via Text Messaging: Feasibility Testing of Sms Usa
Fiscal Year: 2010


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): About one in four young adults are current smokers. Although over half report the desire to quit or cut down, quit rates in this age group have remained stagnant in the last ten years. Text messaging may represent a compelling intervention delivery method for smoking cessation for young adults because it is a medium they have widely adopted. Cell phone interventions also are unique because of their 'always on' capability - interventions are never far from the young adult's reach and they are received automatically instead of requiring the participant to initiate contact in order to receive the information. Dr. Ybarra, along with Drs. Holtrop and Graham, have developed SMS Turkey, an innovative behavioral intervention that uses text messaging to deliver CBT-based smoking cessation information to participants daily. Successful use of text messaging to deliver smoking cessation programs has been reported by Rodgers and colleagues in New Zealand and a replication study they are leading in the UK. These data provide optimism for the feasibility of text messaging-based smoking cessation programs in the United States. Using qualitative methods to inform design and content, and quantitative methods to assess the feasibility of the program, we propose to design and test SMS (Stop My Smoking) USA, a cell-phone based smoking cessation program for young adults ages 18-25. This innovative smoking cessation program uses technology widely adopted by young adults, an under-targeted population, to deliver a proactive, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based intervention. Our multidisciplinary team of researchers brings together expertise in Internet health and the design of tailored smoking cessation interventions. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This high-reach intervention has the possibility of bringing smoking cessation services to young adults who might otherwise not utilize evidence-based smoking cessation services.


Participant-level meta-analysis of mobile phone-based interventions for smoking cessation across different countries.
Authors: Ybarra M.L. , Jiang Y. , Free C. , Abroms L.C. , Whittaker R. .
Source: Preventive medicine, 2016 Aug; 89, p. 90-97.
EPub date: 2016-05-03.
PMID: 27154349
Related Citations

Examining the influence of a text message-based sleep and physical activity intervention among young adult smokers in the United States.
Authors: Filion A.J. , Darlington G. , Chaput J.P. , Ybarra M. , Haines J. .
Source: BMC public health, 2015-07-16; 15, p. 671.
EPub date: 2015-07-16.
PMID: 26178640
Related Citations

Steps in tailoring a text messaging-based smoking cessation program for young adults.
Authors: Ybarra M.L. , Prescott T.L. , Holtrop J.S. .
Source: Journal of health communication, 2014 Dec; 19(12), p. 1393-407.
EPub date: 2014-04-25.
PMID: 24766267
Related Citations

Process evaluation of a mHealth program: lessons learned from Stop My Smoking USA, a text messaging-based smoking cessation program for young adults.
Authors: Ybarra M.L. , Holtrop J.S. , Prescott T.L. , Strong D. .
Source: Patient education and counseling, 2014 Nov; 97(2), p. 239-43.
EPub date: 2014-07-17.
PMID: 25103183
Related Citations

Pilot RCT results of stop my smoking USA: a text messaging-based smoking cessation program for young adults.
Authors: Ybarra M.L. , Holtrop J.S. , Prescott T.L. , Rahbar M.H. , Strong D. .
Source: Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 2013 Aug; 15(8), p. 1388-99.
EPub date: 2013-01-24.
PMID: 23348969
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