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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA123089-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Zhang, Shumin
Organization: Brigham And Women'S Hospital
Project Title: Estrogen and Progesterone-Related Gene Variants and Colorectal Cancer Risk
Fiscal Year: 2009
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) trial has demonstrated that use of postmenopausal estrogen plus progestin therapy reduces risk of colorectal cancer in women, but use of estrogen alone among women with prior hysterectomy has no effect. These data suggest a complex effect of estrogen and progesterone on colorectal carcinogenesis. However, the underlying mechanisms by which estrogen and progesterone affect the development of colorectal cancer are poorly understood. Applying state-of-the-art genotyping technology and statistical methods, we will evaluate functional variants and determine the structure of haplotypes in 11 candidate genes important to estrogen and progesterone metabolism, and investigate their relationships with risk of colorectal cancer in the WHI observational study (OS) cohort, an ethnically diverse population. Specific studies will focus on genes encoding estrogen and progesterone receptors (ESR1, ESR2, and PGR) and enzymes responsible for local estrogen concentrations and the conversion of progesterone to estrogens via androgens (HSD17B1, HSD17B2, HSD17B4, CYP19A1, and CYP17A1) and for estrogen catabolism (CYP1A1, CYP1B1, and COMT). A total of 800 incident colorectal cancer cases and their two matched controls will be identified in the WHI-OS cohort of postmenopausal women with achieved blood samples and free of cancer at baseline. The WHI-OS cohort has a large number of confirmed cases of colorectal cancer and is well characterized with respect to use of postmenopausal hormone therapy and environmental exposures, thus providing an extraordinary opportunity to examine the main effects of gene variants and their interactions with use of combination hormone therapy vs. estrogen alone in relation to colorectal cancer risk. We also will explore interactions among these candidate genes. Hypotheses proposed in this application are novel, as the relations between estrogen and progesterone-related gene variants and risk of colorectal cancer are largely unexplored. Findings from this proposed study will help elucidate the roles of estrogen and progesterone in colorectal carcinogenesis, the differences between the effects of postmenopausal estrogen plus progestin therapy vs. estrogen alone on colorectal cancer risk observed in the WHI trial, and may suggest future targets for interventions to prevent colorectal cancer. Several unique features of the WHI-OS cohort, including its prospective design, diverse ethnic and social composition, large sample size, long duration, high follow-up rates, availability of stored blood specimens, and comprehensive covariate information, make this cohort a valuable and exceptional resource for the etiologic investigation of colorectal cancer.

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Publications

Association between sex hormones and colorectal cancer risk in men and women.
Authors: Lin J.H. , Zhang S.M. , Rexrode K.M. , Manson J.E. , Chan A.T. , Wu K. , Tworoger S.S. , Hankinson S.E. , Fuchs C. , Gaziano J.M. , et al. .
Source: Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association, 2013 Apr; 11(4), p. 419-424.e1.
EPub date: 2012-11-28.
PMID: 23200979
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Effect of combined folic acid, vitamin B(6), and vitamin B(12) on colorectal adenoma.
Authors: Song Y. , Manson J.E. , Lee I.M. , Cook N.R. , Paul L. , Selhub J. , Giovannucci E. , Zhang S.M. .
Source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2012-10-17; 104(20), p. 1562-75.
EPub date: 2012-10-12.
PMID: 23066166
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Postmenopausal hormone therapy is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer lacking CDKN1A expression.
Authors: Lin J.H. , Morikawa T. , Chan A.T. , Kuchiba A. , Shima K. , Nosho K. , Kirkner G. , Zhang S.M. , Manson J.E. , Giovannucci E. , et al. .
Source: Cancer research, 2012-06-15; 72(12), p. 3020-8.
EPub date: 2012-04-17.
PMID: 22511578
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The aromatase gene (CYP19A1) variants and circulating hepatocyte growth factor in postmenopausal women.
Authors: Lin J.H. , Gunter M.J. , Manson J.E. , Rexrode K.M. , Cook N.R. , Kraft P. , Cochrane B.B. , Chlebowski R.T. , Ho G.Y. , Zhang S.M. .
Source: PloS one, 2012; 7(7), p. e42079.
EPub date: 2012-07-25.
PMID: 22848710
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Estrogen and progesterone-related gene variants and colorectal cancer risk in women.
Authors: Lin J.H. , Manson J.E. , Kraft P. , Cochrane B.B. , Gunter M.J. , Chlebowski R.T. , Zhang S.M. .
Source: BMC medical genetics, 2011-05-31; 12, p. 78.
EPub date: 2011-05-31.
PMID: 21627810
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