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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA104876-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Buller, David
Organization: Klein Buendel, Inc.
Project Title: Disseminating Go Sun Smart to a Recreation Industry
Fiscal Year: 2007


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The occupational environment is a new venue for skin cancer prevention. Go Sun Smart (GSS) is a workplace sun safety program developed for the North American ski industry with funding from the National Cancer Institute. It successfully reduced sunburning among employees in a randomized trial at 26 ski areas. There is a unique opportunity to conduct a Phase IV trial on the dissemination and impact of GSS on a sample of worksites representing the entire ski industry through collaboration with the National Ski Areas Association (NSAA). The project specific aims are to (a) disseminate GSS to North American ski areas and monitor decisions by managers to adopt it; (b) create programs to assist managers to implement GSS based on diffusion of innovations theory (DIT); (c) compare basic and enhanced dissemination strategies that vary in intensity of support in an effort to determine their differential effects on adoption and implementation of GSS; and (d) determine the association of GSS implementation with employees' and guests' sun safety. Disseminating such a program through complex organizations involves individual differences and decision-making among managers, structural differences between employers, and features of health promotion programs, important DIT mediators and moderators. The target population is NSAA-member ski areas in North America and their managers, employees and guests. A group-randomized pretest-posttest controlled design will be conducted. Go Sun Smart will be disseminated to 60 ski areas randomly selected from NSAA's membership through its communication channels (regional and national meetings; annual management training). They will be randomly assigned to receive either a basic dissemination strategy (presentations at NSAA regional and national meetings; printed program instructions) representing "usual care" for this industry or an enhanced strategy (the basic program plus personal contacts through in-person visits and electronic communication to promote implementation and reduce barriers). Pretest and posttest on-site observations of the implementation of sun safety communication (including GSS at posttest) will be the primary outcome. Managers' decisions to adopt GSS and employees' and guests' sun protection will be assessed in telephone and on-site surveys at pretest and posttest This Phase IV trial will test program adoption (decisions by managers), program implementation (by managers), and program impact (on sun protection by employees and guests) in a sample of an entire outdoor recreation industry.


Translation of a Ski School Sun Safety Program to North American Ski and Snowboard Schools.
Authors: Walkosz B.J. , Buller D.B. , Andersen P.A. , Scott M.D. , Liu X. , Cutter G.R. , Dignan M.B. .
Source: Health promotion practice, 2015 Jul; 16(4), p. 560-70.
EPub date: 2015-03-11.
PMID: 25761916
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Dissemination of go sun smart in outdoor recreation: effect of program exposure on sun protection of guests at high-altitude ski areas.
Authors: Walkosz B.J. , Buller D.B. , Andersen P.A. , Scott M.D. , Dignan M.B. , Cutter G.R. , Liu X. , Maloy J.A. .
Source: Journal of health communication, 2014 Sep; 19(9), p. 999-1016.
EPub date: 2014-03-11.
PMID: 24617350
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Sustainability of the dissemination of an occupational sun protection program in a randomized trial.
Authors: Buller D.B. , Walkosz B.J. , Andersen P.A. , Scott M.D. , Dignan M.B. , Cutter G.R. , Zhang X. , Kane I.L. .
Source: Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 2012 Aug; 39(4), p. 498-502.
EPub date: 2011-11-18.
PMID: 22102323
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Enhancing industry-based dissemination of an occupational sun protection program with theory-based strategies employing personal contact.
Authors: Buller D.B. , Andersen P.A. , Walkosz B.J. , Scott M.D. , Cutter G.R. , Dignan M.B. , Kane I.L. , Zhang X. .
Source: American journal of health promotion : AJHP, 2012 Jul-Aug; 26(6), p. 356-65.
PMID: 22747318
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Expanding occupational sun safety to an outdoor recreation industry: a translational study of the Go Sun Smart program.
Authors: Andersen P.A. , Buller D.B. , Walkosz B.J. , Scott M.D. , Kane I.L. , Cutter G.R. , Dignan M.B. , Liu X. .
Source: Translational behavioral medicine, 2012 Mar; 2(1), p. 10-18.
PMID: 23105954
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Compliance with sunscreen advice in a survey of adults engaged in outdoor winter recreation at high-elevation ski areas.
Authors: Buller D.B. , Andersen P.A. , Walkosz B.J. , Scott M.D. , Maloy J.A. , Dignan M.B. , Cutter G.R. .
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2012 Jan; 66(1), p. 63-70.
PMID: 21742410
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Environmental cues to UV radiation and personal sun protection in outdoor winter recreation.
Authors: Andersen P.A. , Buller D.B. , Walkosz B.J. , Scott M.D. , Maloy J.A. , Cutter G.R. , Dignan M.D. .
Source: Archives of dermatology, 2010 Nov; 146(11), p. 1241-7.
PMID: 21079060
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Go Sun Smart.
Authors: Scott M.D. , Buller D.B. , Walkosz B.J. , Andersen P.A. , Cutter G.R. , Dignan M.B. .
Source: Communication education, 2008-10-01; 57(4), p. 423.
PMID: 20148119
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