Skip to main content
Grant Details

Grant Number: 1R13CA126359-01 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Reyna, Valerie
Organization: Cornell University
Project Title: Better Decisions, Better Care: Theories of Medical Decision Making and Health
Fiscal Year: 2006


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Society for Medical Decision Making (SMDM) is dedicated to promoting rigorous, scientific research on health care decisions and policy initiatives. For over a quarter century, it has been on the cutting edge in studying decision making and developing support tools to improve the quality of patient care. While these clinical approaches and tools have been reported in medical journals and employed in numerous health care settings, several barriers have limited their more widespread adoption and use for real-time decision making. A major impediment has been the lack of coherent and evidence-based predictive scientific theory. In addition, the recent proliferation of patient decision aids and their use by a wide range of consumers, researchers and policy-makers makes standardized evaluation of their quality more crucial. To address these issues, the theme of this year's annual meeting is Better Decisions, Better Care: Advancing Decision Support to Improve Health Care. A key feature of this year's meeting will be a symposium devoted to presenting leading, empirically supported theories of medical decision making and health. The Society's Annual Meeting (October 14 -18, 2006) features current research in a rich cross-section of disciplines including decision analysis, shared decision making, evidence based medicine, cost effectiveness analysis, health economics, meta-analysis, computational methods, decision psychology, and medical ethics. We seek support for one symposium, a workshop, and 9 short courses. Symposium #2, Theories of Medical Decision Making and Health, will present scientifically rigorous explanatory and predictive theories in health and medical decision making that have been tested empirically. The symposium will bring together leading proponents of influential and diverse theories in medical decision making, and will emphasize the need for theoretically motivated research in domains of practical importance, including behavior change in health, cancer prevention and control, and physician decision making and decision support. Our dinner symposium, Improving Patient Decision-aids by Establishing State-of-the-art Standards for Content: The IPDAS Project, will feature experts in decision aid development and evaluation. The Short Courses will help attendees acquire skills related to the conference theme. Summaries of the symposia will be published in the Society's newsletter and disseminated through the Society's website. Furthermore, the Editor of the journal Medical Decision Making has enthusiastically agreed to publish the proceedings from the conference as a special issue (symposium participants will contribute articles), if funding can be obtained. We anticipate that the proposed program can make major strides toward disseminating research illustrating evidence-based approaches to real time decision-making by patients, physicians, and members of the health care team. This is a venue in which strong intellectual challenges to the status quo can engage the best researchers in the field.


A new intuitionism: Meaning, memory, and development in Fuzzy-Trace Theory.
Authors: Reyna V.F. .
Source: Judgment and decision making, 2012 May; 7(3), p. 332-359.
PMID: 25530822
Related Citations

Dual Processes in Decision Making and Developmental Neuroscience: A Fuzzy-Trace Model.
Authors: Reyna V.F. , Brainerd C.J. .
Source: Developmental review : DR, 2011 Sep; 31(2-3), p. 180-206.
PMID: 22096268
Related Citations

Neurobiological and memory models of risky decision making in adolescents versus young adults.
Authors: Reyna V.F. , Estrada S.M. , DeMarinis J.A. , Myers R.M. , Stanisz J.M. , Mills B.A. .
Source: Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition, 2011 Sep; 37(5), p. 1125-42.
PMID: 21707215
Related Citations

How numeracy influences risk comprehension and medical decision making.
Authors: Reyna V.F. , Nelson W.L. , Han P.K. , Dieckmann N.F. .
Source: Psychological bulletin, 2009 Nov; 135(6), p. 943-73.
PMID: 19883143
Related Citations

Semantic processing in "associative" false memory.
Authors: Brainerd C.J. , Yang Y. , Reyna V.F. , Howe M.L. , Mills B.A. .
Source: Psychonomic bulletin & review, 2008 Dec; 15(6), p. 1035-53.
PMID: 19001566
Related Citations

Theories of medical decision making and health: an evidence-based approach.
Authors: Reyna V.F. .
Source: Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making, 2008 Nov-Dec; 28(6), p. 829-33.
PMID: 19020341
Related Citations

A theory of medical decision making and health: fuzzy trace theory.
Authors: Reyna V.F. .
Source: Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making, 2008 Nov-Dec; 28(6), p. 850-65.
EPub date: 2008-11-17.
PMID: 19015287
Related Citations

Clinical implications of numeracy: theory and practice.
Authors: Nelson W. , Reyna V.F. , Fagerlin A. , Lipkus I. , Peters E. .
Source: Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2008 Jun; 35(3), p. 261-74.
EPub date: 2008-08-02.
PMID: 18677452
Related Citations

Current Theories of Risk and Rational Decision Making.
Authors: Reyna V.F. , Rivers S.E. .
Source: Developmental review : DR, 2008 Mar; 28(1), p. 1-11.
PMID: 19255598
Related Citations

Risk Taking Under the Influence: A Fuzzy-Trace Theory of Emotion in Adolescence.
Authors: Rivers S.E. , Reyna V.F. , Mills B. .
Source: Developmental review : DR, 2008 Mar; 28(1), p. 107-144.
PMID: 19255597
Related Citations

Back to Top