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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA093532-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Mayer, Joni
Organization: San Diego State University
Project Title: Multi-Level Assessment of Indoor Tanning Practices
Fiscal Year: 2006


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Adolescents who frequent indoor tanning establishments may be at an increased risk of developing skin cancer later in life and acute adverse reactions. Data on the correlates of indoor tanning among this age group across various geographical regions of the U.S. are scarce. Additionally, although approximately one half of the states have legislation to increase consumer safety during indoor tanning, the impact of these laws is unknown. Before developing interventions or additional policies to reduce adolescent risk, a comprehensive assessment of the correlates of indoor tanning is warranted. Therefore, the primary aim of the proposed project will be to perform a multivariate analysis to explain use of tanning facilities by adolescents. Based on an ecological conceptual model, potential predictors will address multiple levels of influence, including psychological/affective, sociocultural, environmental, and policy variables. In order to achieve the primary aim, as well as to obtain valuable descriptive data, we will collect information that will form five discrete data sets. The following secondary aims will be accomplished: 1) to conduct telephone interviews with adolescents to assess potential individual-level correlates of indoor tanning use; 60 adolescents per the largest 100 U.S. cities will be included; 2) to assess whether each of the 50 U.S. states has a law that attempts to protect consumers from overexposure to UVR from indoor tanning and the level of stringency of each law; 3) to quantify the level of law enforcement in each of the 100 cities in the sample; 4) to assess the number of indoor tanning facilities (absolute and relative to the population) in each of the sample cities; and 5) to assess compliance of indoor tanning facilities with federal and, if applicable, state laws. Findings will be used to inform future multi-level interventions for reducing risks associated with indoor tanning.


Using research data to impact consumer protection legislation: lessons learned from CITY100 dissemination efforts.
Authors: Hoerster K.D. , Mayer J.A. .
Source: Translational behavioral medicine, 2013 Sep; 3(3), p. 264-70.
PMID: 24073177
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Adolescents' use of indoor tanning: a large-scale evaluation of psychosocial, environmental, and policy-level correlates.
Authors: Mayer J.A. , Woodruff S.I. , Slymen D.J. , Sallis J.F. , Forster J.L. , Clapp E.J. , Hoerster K.D. , Pichon L.C. , Weeks J.R. , Belch G.E. , et al. .
Source: American journal of public health, 2011 May; 101(5), p. 930-8.
EPub date: 2011-03-18.
PMID: 21421947
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Youth access to artificial UV radiation exposure: practices of 3647 US indoor tanning facilities.
Authors: Pichon L.C. , Mayer J.A. , Hoerster K.D. , Woodruff S.I. , Slymen D.J. , Belch G.E. , Clapp E.J. , Hurd A.L. , Forster J.L. , Weinstock M.A. .
Source: Archives of dermatology, 2009 Sep; 145(9), p. 997-1002.
PMID: 19770438
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Density of indoor tanning facilities in 116 large U.S. cities.
Authors: Hoerster K.D. , Garrow R.L. , Mayer J.A. , Clapp E.J. , Weeks J.R. , Woodruff S.I. , Sallis J.F. , Slymen D.J. , Patel M.R. , Sybert S.A. .
Source: American journal of preventive medicine, 2009 Mar; 36(3), p. 243-6.
PMID: 19215849
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Season of interview and self-report of summer sun protection behaviors.
Authors: Adams M.A. , Mayer J.A. , Bowen D.J. , Ji M. .
Source: Cancer causes & control : CCC, 2009 Mar; 20(2), p. 153-62.
EPub date: 2008-09-24.
PMID: 18814049
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Enforcement of state indoor tanning laws in the United States.
Authors: Mayer J.A. , Hoerster K.D. , Pichon L.C. , Rubio D.A. , Woodruff S.I. , Forster J.L. .
Source: Preventing chronic disease, 2008 Oct; 5(4), p. A125.
EPub date: 2008-09-15.
PMID: 18793513
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Correlates of physical activity guideline compliance for adolescents in 100 U.S. Cities.
Authors: Butcher K. , Sallis J.F. , Mayer J.A. , Woodruff S. .
Source: The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 2008 Apr; 42(4), p. 360-8.
EPub date: 2008-01-31.
PMID: 18346661
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Correlates of tanning facility prevalence within San Diego County, California census tracts.
Authors: Patel M.R. , Mayer J.A. , Slymen D.J. , Weeks J.R. , Hurd A.L. .
Source: Journal of community health, 2007 Dec; 32(6), p. 391-400.
PMID: 17940870
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The influence of parents and peers on adolescent indoor tanning behavior: findings from a multi-city sample.
Authors: Hoerster K.D. , Mayer J.A. , Woodruff S.I. , Malcarne V. , Roesch S.C. , Clapp E. .
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2007 Dec; 57(6), p. 990-7.
EPub date: 2007-07-19.
PMID: 17658194
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Measuring the stringency of states' indoor tanning regulations: instrument development and outcomes.
Authors: Woodruff S.I. , Pichon L.C. , Hoerster K.D. , Forster J.L. , Gilmer T. , Mayer J.A. .
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2007 May; 56(5), p. 774-80.
EPub date: 2007-02-05.
PMID: 17276543
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Effects of an introductory letter on response rates to a teen/parent telephone health survey.
Authors: Woodruff S.I. , Mayer J.A. , Clapp E. .
Source: Evaluation review, 2006 Dec; 30(6), p. 817-23.
PMID: 17093110
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Comparing two methods of measuring legislation compliance among indoor tanning facilities.
Authors: Hurd A.L. , Mayer J.A. , Woodruff S.I. , Belch G.E. , Patel M.R. .
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2006 Mar; 54(3), p. 433-9.
EPub date: 2006-01-30.
PMID: 16488294
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