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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA098861-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Patrick, Kevin
Organization: University Of California San Diego
Project Title: Clinical & Web-Based Diet & Activity Counseling for Men
Fiscal Year: 2006


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Improved physical activity (PA) and dietary behaviors show great promise to reduce risk of cancers, CVD, NIDDM and other diseases. Improvements in PA and nutrition are particularly important for the overweight, a condition now affecting more than 50 percent of Americans. There are few effective programs for treating overweight in primary care. In this project we will evaluate an integrated clinical and web-based intervention to improve PA and dietary behaviors in overweight (BMI 25-34.9) men age 18 through 55 years. PACEi has three integrated components: a) preclinic-visit web-based assessment and progress planner; b) provider counseling; c) 12 months of web-based, e-mail & limited phone contact. Pilot study results demonstrate that a phone & mail-based version of PACEi has promise in improving dietary & PA behaviors. An NCI-funded randomized, controlled trial of PACEi among overweight women is currently underway. Phase 1 will involve formative research to structure PACEi to the unique needs of men and their physicians. In Phase 2 we will recruit 360 overweight men seen in 4 healthcare settings. Subjects will be randomly assigned to PACEi or a usual care, delayed treatment control condition. PACEi targets 3 primary and 3secondary behaviors: Primary: a) energy expenditure from moderate and vigorous physical activity during leisure-time; b) fruit & vegetable servings; c) dietary saturated fat as percent of energy consumed. Secondary: a) fiber intake; b) total energy intake; c) total dietary fat as a percent of energy consumed. PACEi also assesses stage of change and psychosocial mediators of behavior change. The PACEi approach guides patients to select one dietary and one PA target behavior for which they develop action plans to discuss with the provider. The provider endorses or modifies the action plan and encourages participation in the continued intervention. Web-tutorials, continuous web access, e-mail interaction, and phone counseling every three months guide the patient to use cognitive & behavioral skills to change target behaviors. The program enables participants to receive tailored & stage-appropriate interventions to address their diet & PA goals. Primary outcomes ((a) energy expended in moderate and vigorous physical activity during leisure; (b) servings of fruits and vegetables; and (c) dietary saturated fat as a percent of energy consumed) will be assessed at baseline and 12 months with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and a food frequency questionnaire developed for men at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. Secondary outcomes and mediators of behavior change will be measured at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 months. Secondary & exploratory outcomes include: objective and self-report measures of PA, recreational media use & dietary behaviors (fiber; total energy intake; fat intake as a percent of total energy consumed); and BMI, skinfolds, waist circumference, body composition, and psychosocial mediators of change. The PACE+ intervention is particularly innovative because its three components - pre-visit web assessment, primary care provider counseling, and the extended web-based intervention - are unified through a common behavioral theoretical framework.



Publications

Neighborhood preference, walkability and walking in overweight/obese men.
Authors: Norman G.J. , Carlson J.A. , O'Mara S. , Sallis J.F. , Patrick K. , Frank L.D. , Godbole S.V. .
Source: American journal of health behavior, 2013 Mar; 37(2), p. 277-82.
PMID: 23026109
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Brief physical activity-related psychosocial measures: reliability and construct validity.
Authors: Carlson J.A. , Sallis J.F. , Wagner N. , Calfas K.J. , Patrick K. , Groesz L.M. , Norman G.J. .
Source: Journal of physical activity & health, 2012 Nov; 9(8), p. 1178-86.
EPub date: 2011-12-27.
PMID: 22207589
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Physical activity and dietary behavior change in Internet-based weight loss interventions: comparing two multiple-behavior change indices.
Authors: Carlson J.A. , Sallis J.F. , Ramirez E.R. , Patrick K. , Norman G.J. .
Source: Preventive medicine, 2012 Jan; 54(1), p. 50-4.
EPub date: 2011-11-03.
PMID: 22085706
Related Citations

Outcomes of a 12-month web-based intervention for overweight and obese men.
Authors: Patrick K. , Calfas K.J. , Norman G.J. , Rosenberg D. , Zabinski M.F. , Sallis J.F. , Rock C.L. , Dillon L.W. .
Source: Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2011 Dec; 42(3), p. 391-401.
PMID: 21822750
Related Citations

Do neighborhood environments moderate the effect of physical activity lifestyle interventions in adults?
Authors: Kerr J. , Norman G.J. , Adams M.A. , Ryan S. , Frank L. , Sallis J.F. , Calfas K.J. , Patrick K. .
Source: Health & place, 2010 Sep; 16(5), p. 903-8.
EPub date: 2010-05-11.
PMID: 20510642
Related Citations

Patterns and correlates of multiple risk behaviors in overweight women.
Authors: Sanchez A. , Norman G.J. , Sallis J.F. , Calfas K.J. , Rock C. , Patrick K. .
Source: Preventive medicine, 2008 Mar; 46(3), p. 196-202.
EPub date: 2007-10-18.
PMID: 18022220
Related Citations

Psychosocial correlates of dietary intake among overweight and obese men.
Authors: Hagler A.S. , Norman G.J. , Zabinski M.F. , Sallis J.F. , Calfas K.J. , Patrick K. .
Source: American journal of health behavior, 2007 Jan-Feb; 31(1), p. 3-12.
PMID: 17181457
Related Citations

Randomized controlled trial of a primary care and home-based intervention for physical activity and nutrition behaviors: PACE+ for adolescents.
Authors: Patrick K. , Calfas K.J. , Norman G.J. , Zabinski M.F. , Sallis J.F. , Rupp J. , Covin J. , Cella J. .
Source: Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, 2006 Feb; 160(2), p. 128-36.
PMID: 16461867
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