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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA089053-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Pollak, Kathryn
Organization: Duke University
Project Title: Testing Pharmacological Therapies for Pregnant Smokers
Fiscal Year: 2006


DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Smoking in pregnancy poses serious health risks to the fetus and the mother. About half of women smokers continue to smoke throughout pregnancy. Pregnant women who have the greatest difficulty quitting smoking even when provided with behavioral cessation interventions tend to be more dependent smokers who may requite nicotine replacement therapy to be successful at cessation. The proposed five-year study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of providing over-the-counter (OTC) nicotine replacement therapy, choice of gum or patch, (NRT) to promote prepartum smoking cessation. Proposed is a two-arm design. Eligible pregnant women (N=300) will be randomized to either: Arm 1, Tailored Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (TCBT, n=150) that provides women with customized risk information about smoking and nicotine, the potential harms to the fetus and encouragement of appropriate behavioral skills building; or Arm 2, TCBT + NRT - the tailored intervention incorporating NRT information plus choice of patch or gum (n about150). The intervention will include 5 face-to-face contacts as part of prenatal visits and 2 telephone counseling sessions. Primary outcome measures will be biochemically validated 7-day prevalent abstinence rates at the 19-27th and 27-35th week of pregnancy. Secondary outcomes will include 7-day prevalent abstinence rates at 12 and 24 weeks postpartum, serious quit attempts, compliance with NRT, and use of materials. Saliva cotinine will be measured among all women at baseline, the 27-35th week of pregnancy, and 24 weeks postpartum. The significance of this project is that it relies on transdisciplinary collaborations to extend the science in nicotine replacement therapies to a population that could derive substantial health benefits. Moreover, the study results have immediate potential to inform clinical recommendations for integrating nicotine replacement into prenatal care.


Smoking prevalence in early pregnancy: comparison of self-report and anonymous urine cotinine testing.
Authors: Swamy G.K. , Reddick K.L. , Brouwer R.J. , Pollak K.I. , Myers E.R. .
Source: The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians, 2011 Jan; 24(1), p. 86-90.
EPub date: 2010-04-12.
PMID: 20384470
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What do we know about the role of pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation before or during pregnancy?
Authors: Oncken C.A. , Kranzler H.R. .
Source: Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 2009 Nov; 11(11), p. 1265-73.
EPub date: 2009-08-28.
PMID: 19717542
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Predictors of adverse events among pregnant smokers exposed in a nicotine replacement therapy trial.
Authors: Swamy G.K. , Roelands J.J. , Peterson B.L. , Fish L.J. , Oncken C.A. , Pletsch P.K. , Myers E.R. , Whitecar P.W. , Pollak K.I. .
Source: American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 2009 Oct; 201(4), p. 354.e1-7.
EPub date: 2009-08-07.
PMID: 19664750
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Adherence to nicotine replacement therapy among pregnant smokers.
Authors: Fish L.J. , Peterson B.L. , Namenek Brouwer R.J. , Lyna P. , Oncken C.A. , Swamy G.K. , Myers E.R. , Pletsch P.K. , Pollak K.I. .
Source: Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 2009 May; 11(5), p. 514-8.
EPub date: 2009-04-07.
PMID: 19351783
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Olfactory and gustatory sensory changes to tobacco smoke in pregnant smokers.
Authors: Pletsch P.K. , Pollak K.I. , Peterson B.L. , Park J. , Oncken C.A. , Swamy G.K. , Lyna P. .
Source: Research in nursing & health, 2008 Feb; 31(1), p. 31-41.
PMID: 18161772
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Empathy goes a long way in weight loss discussions.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Østbye T. , Alexander S.C. , Gradison M. , Bastian L.A. , Brouwer R.J. , Lyna P. .
Source: The Journal of family practice, 2007 Dec; 56(12), p. 1031-6.
PMID: 18053443
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Nicotine replacement and behavioral therapy for smoking cessation in pregnancy.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Oncken C.A. , Lipkus I.M. , Lyna P. , Swamy G.K. , Pletsch P.K. , Peterson B.L. , Heine R.P. , Brouwer R.J. , Fish L. , et al. .
Source: American journal of preventive medicine, 2007 Oct; 33(4), p. 297-305.
PMID: 17888856
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Rated helpfulness and partner-reported smoking cessation support across the pregnancy-postpartum continuum.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Baucom D.H. , Peterson B.L. , Stanton S. , McBride C.M. .
Source: Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2006 Nov; 25(6), p. 762-70.
PMID: 17100504
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Challenges and solutions for recruiting pregnant smokers into a nicotine replacement therapy trial.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Oncken C.A. , Lipkus I.M. , Peterson B.L. , Swamy G.K. , Pletsch P.K. , Lyna P. , Namenek Brouwer R.J. , Fish L.J. , Myers E.R. .
Source: Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 2006 Aug; 8(4), p. 547-54.
PMID: 16920652
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Knowledge and perceived risk of smoking-related conditions: a survey of cigarette smokers.
Authors: Oncken C. , McKee S. , Krishnan-Sarin S. , O'Malley S. , Mazure C.M. .
Source: Preventive medicine, 2005 Jun; 40(6), p. 779-84.
PMID: 15850879
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Gender effects of reported in utero tobacco exposure on smoking initiation, progression and nicotine dependence in adult offspring.
Authors: Oncken C. , McKee S. , Krishnan-Sarin S. , O'Malley S. , Mazure C. .
Source: Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 2004 Oct; 6(5), p. 829-33.
PMID: 15700918
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Pharmacotherapies to enhance smoking cessation during pregnancy.
Authors: Oncken C.A. , Kranzler H.R. .
Source: Drug and alcohol review, 2003 Jun; 22(2), p. 191-202.
PMID: 12850906
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Effect of maternal smoking on fetal catecholamine concentrations at birth.
Authors: Oncken C.A. , Henry K.M. , Campbell W.A. , Kuhn C.M. , Slotkin T.A. , Kranzler H.R. .
Source: Pediatric research, 2003 Jan; 53(1), p. 119-24.
PMID: 12508090
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