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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R21CA101867-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Betancourt, Hector
Organization: Loma Linda University
Project Title: Culture and Cancer: the Case of Latino Women
Fiscal Year: 2005


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The aims of this research are three-fold: 1) to identify aspects of culture associated with variations in breast and cervical cancer screening among Latino and Anglo women; 2) to develop psychometrically appropriate English- and Spanish language instruments to measure those cultural variables; and 3) to validate the instruments and test a theory-based hypothesis concerning the relations between culture and health behavior. The research is guided by an approach to the study of culture originally proposed by the P.I. and associates to investigate the role of culture in psychological functioning and behavior. The instruments to be developed are also expected to contribute to the long-term goal of developing a model that may effectively guide research and intervention concerning ethnic disparities in cancer screening and health behavior, in general, for Latino and other culturally diverse populations. Although the focus is on Latino women, Anglo women are included as a mainstream comparison group to satisfy methodological and practical requirements associated with the comparative study of culture. Participants will be recruited from the population of Latino and Anglo women living in San Bernardino, California, and surrounding counties in Region 5 of the California Statewide Cancer Reporting System. Three distinct methodologies will be utilized: First, the methods for the study of subjective culture will be used to identify specific aspects of culture relevant to cancer screening among Latino and Anglo women. Content analyses of open-ended interviews and focus groups will be performed to identify the relevant aspects of culture and to generate items for the instruments to be developed. Second, conventional psychometric procedures and statistical techniques will be applied to the development and validation of quantitative instruments to measure the cultural factors identified as relevant to cancer screening. Finally, survey methodology and multivariate quantitative methods of analyses will be used to test a hypothesis concerning the relationships among cultural factors, mediating psychological processes, and breast and cervical cancer screening in Latino and Anglo women.


Culture, emotion, and cancer screening: an integrative framework for investigating health behavior.
Authors: Flynn P.M. , Betancourt H. , Ormseth S.R. .
Source: Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2011 Aug; 42(1), p. 79-90.
PMID: 21472484
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Healthcare mistreatment and continuity of cancer screening among Latino and Anglo American women in southern california.
Authors: Betancourt H. , Flynn P.M. , Ormseth S.R. .
Source: Women & health, 2011 Jan; 51(1), p. 1-24.
PMID: 21391158
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A cultural research approach to instrument development: the case of breast and cervical cancer screening among Latino and Anglo women.
Authors: Betancourt H. , Flynn P.M. , Riggs M. , Garberoglio C. .
Source: Health education research, 2010 Dec; 25(6), p. 991-1007.
EPub date: 2010-09-23.
PMID: 20864605
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