||7R01CA076419-05 Interpret this number
||Evaluation of Tailored Skin Cancer Prevention Strategies
DESCRIPTION (adapted from investigator's abstract): Skin cancer is among
the most common cancers in the United States, and it is also one of the most
preventable and survivable if detected early. Risk factors for skin cancer
include excess sun exposure, family history, personal history of skin cancer
or precancerous lesions, and physical characteristics. Novel approaches for
improving preventive and early detection behaviors need to be developed and
evaluated among high-need and high risk groups.
The aims of this study are to: 1) Evaluate the impact of a mailed, tailored
intervention including risk feedback and self-monitoring, on the skin cancer
prevention and skin self-examination behaviors of high-risk and
moderate-risk adults; and 2) Evaluate the impact of a mailed, tailored,
family-based intervention including risk feedback, UV radiation exposure
self-monitoring, and interactive parent-child activities, on skin cancer
prevention and parental skin examination behaviors for children in grades
one through three.
Ancillary aims are to: 1) evaluate the process and impact of the
interventions on diverse ethnic groups in two regions; 2) advance the
development of valid, reliable, and precise behavioral measures; and 3)
refine skin cancer risk assessment methodologies. The study design involves
two randomized controlled trials, one with adults and the other with
children and parents. Intervention materials will be mailed. The trials
will have parallel methodologies and will compare tailored, theory-based
intervention materials and UV monitoring aids with a control condition using
standard information on sun safety and early detection.
The results of this research will increase our knowledge of effective,
low-cost, cancer control strategies that can be implemented in public
health, managed care, school, and recreation settings. The findings will
advance the science of risk assessment and of methods for measuring skin
cancer prevention practices in adults and families. The project will also
make significant contributions to our understanding of the responses of
geographically and ethnically diverse groups to skin cancer preventive
Randomized trial of tailored skin cancer prevention for children: the Project SCAPE family study.
, Steffen A.D.
, Schoenfeld E.
, Tappe K.A.
Journal of health communication, 2013; 18(11), p. 1368-83.
A randomized trial of tailored skin cancer prevention messages for adults: Project SCAPE.
, Schoenfeld E.R.
, Steffen A.
American journal of public health, 2010 Apr; 100(4), p. 735-41.