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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA086102-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Fuchs, Charles
Organization: Brigham And Women'S Hospital
Project Title: Prospective Study of Pancreatic Cancer Pathogenesis
Fiscal Year: 2004
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (Adapted from the Applicant's Abstract): Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related mortality for both men and women in the United States. Relatively little is known about the pathogenesis and epidemiology of this malignancy. Our general goals are: first, to examine prospectively hypotheses regarding the etiology of pancreatic cancer, and, second, to establish a unique database consisting of repeated dietary and lifestyle assessments over several decades, archived blood specimens, and archived tumor tissue. This resource will allow for the rapid examination of future hypotheses as they emerge. We will use the resources of three large cohort studies with prospectively collected blood specimens: the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), Health Professionals' Follow-up Study (HPFS), and Physicians' Health Study (PHS). Blood specimens will be analyzed using a matched, nested case-control design of projected cases through 2002 to evaluate hypotheses focusing on mechanisms of pancreatic cancer pathogenesis. First, we will examine whether an association between energy intake, obesity, greater adult height, sedentary lifestyle, or diabetes mellitus and pancreatic cancer is mediated through insulin-like growth factors and binding proteins. Second, we will examine whether biochemical indicators of methyl-group availability are associated with pancreatic cancer risk and whether the influence of folate is modified by methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms. Third, we will examine whether polymorphisms of genes responsible for detoxification and activation of aromatic/heterocyclic amines influence the risk of pancreatic cancer, and whether the associations of smoking and red meat intake with pancreatic cancer are influenced by these polymorphisms. Finally, we will examine the prevalence and spectrum of K-ras mutations, the prevalence of pl6 loss of heterozygosity and the level of p53, p21 and p27 expression among pancreatic cancers, and assess the influence of dietary and other factors on the prevalence of these molecular changes. These studies will enhance our understanding of pancreatic carcinogenesis and provide a scientific foundation for future preventive efforts. This is the first R01 submitted by the principal investigator following a K award from NCI.

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Publications

Postmenopausal hormone therapy and stroke: role of time since menopause and age at initiation of hormone therapy.
Authors: Grodstein F. , Manson J.E. , Stampfer M.J. , Rexrode K. .
Source: Archives of internal medicine, 2008-04-28; 168(8), p. 861-6.
PMID: 18443262
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Prediagnostic plasma C-peptide and pancreatic cancer risk in men and women.
Authors: Michaud D.S. , Wolpin B. , Giovannucci E. , Liu S. , Cochrane B. , Manson J.E. , Pollak M.N. , Ma J. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2007 Oct; 16(10), p. 2101-9.
EPub date: 2007-09-28.
PMID: 17905943
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Circulating insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 and the risk of pancreatic cancer.
Authors: Wolpin B.M. , Michaud D.S. , Giovannucci E.L. , Schernhammer E.S. , Stampfer M.J. , Manson J.E. , Cochrane B.B. , Rohan T.E. , Ma J. , Pollak M.N. , et al. .
Source: Cancer research, 2007-08-15; 67(16), p. 7923-8.
PMID: 17699799
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Circulating insulin-like growth factor axis and the risk of pancreatic cancer in four prospective cohorts.
Authors: Wolpin B.M. , Michaud D.S. , Giovannucci E.L. , Schernhammer E.S. , Stampfer M.J. , Manson J.E. , Cochrane B.B. , Rohan T.E. , Ma J. , Pollak M.N. , et al. .
Source: British journal of cancer, 2007-07-02; 97(1), p. 98-104.
EPub date: 2007-05-29.
PMID: 17533398
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Vitamin D intake and the risk for pancreatic cancer in two cohort studies.
Authors: Skinner H.G. , Michaud D.S. , Giovannucci E. , Willett W.C. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2006 Sep; 15(9), p. 1688-95.
PMID: 16985031
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Sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption and risk of pancreatic cancer in two prospective cohorts.
Authors: Schernhammer E.S. , Hu F.B. , Giovannucci E. , Michaud D.S. , Colditz G.A. , Stampfer M.J. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2005 Sep; 14(9), p. 2098-105.
PMID: 16172216
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Dietary patterns and pancreatic cancer risk in men and women.
Authors: Michaud D.S. , Skinner H.G. , Wu K. , Hu F. , Giovannucci E. , Willett W.C. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2005-04-06; 97(7), p. 518-24.
PMID: 15812077
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A prospective study of folate intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer in men and women.
Authors: Skinner H.G. , Michaud D.S. , Giovannucci E.L. , Rimm E.B. , Stampfer M.J. , Willett W.C. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: American journal of epidemiology, 2004-08-01; 160(3), p. 248-58.
PMID: 15257998
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A prospective study of aspirin use and the risk of pancreatic cancer in women.
Authors: Schernhammer E.S. , Kang J.H. , Chan A.T. , Michaud D.S. , Skinner H.G. , Giovannucci E. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2004-01-07; 96(1), p. 22-8.
PMID: 14709735
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Dietary meat, dairy products, fat, and cholesterol and pancreatic cancer risk in a prospective study.
Authors: Michaud D.S. , Giovannucci E. , Willett W.C. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: American journal of epidemiology, 2003-06-15; 157(12), p. 1115-25.
PMID: 12796048
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Parity, reproductive factors, and the risk of pancreatic cancer in women.
Authors: Skinner H.G. , Michaud D.S. , Colditz G.A. , Giovannucci E.L. , Stampfer M.J. , Willett W.C. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2003 May; 12(5), p. 433-8.
PMID: 12750238
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Cholecystectomy and the risk for developing colorectal cancer and distal colorectal adenomas.
Authors: Schernhammer E.S. , Leitzmann M.F. , Michaud D.S. , Speizer F.E. , Giovannucci E. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: British journal of cancer, 2003-01-13; 88(1), p. 79-83.
PMID: 12556963
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Dietary sugar, glycemic load, and pancreatic cancer risk in a prospective study.
Authors: Michaud D.S. , Liu S. , Giovannucci E. , Willett W.C. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2002-09-04; 94(17), p. 1293-300.
PMID: 12208894
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Gallstones, cholecystectomy, and the risk for developing pancreatic cancer.
Authors: Schernhammer E.S. , Michaud D.S. , Leitzmann M.F. , Giovannucci E. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: British journal of cancer, 2002-04-08; 86(7), p. 1081-4.
PMID: 11953853
Related Citations

Physical activity, obesity, height, and the risk of pancreatic cancer.
Authors: Michaud D.S. , Giovannucci E. , Willett W.C. , Colditz G.A. , Stampfer M.J. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: JAMA, 2001 Aug 22-29; 286(8), p. 921-9.
PMID: 11509056
Related Citations

Coffee and alcohol consumption and the risk of pancreatic cancer in two prospective United States cohorts.
Authors: Michaud D.S. , Giovannucci E. , Willett W.C. , Colditz G.A. , Fuchs C.S. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2001 May; 10(5), p. 429-37.
PMID: 11352851
Related Citations




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