||5R21CA091475-02 Interpret this number
||Baylor College Of Medicine
||Food Preferences of Ethnic Minority Preschoolers
DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Children's intakes of fruit, juice, and
vegetables (FJV) do not meet the recommended minimum of 5 daily servings, and
thereby are associated with increased risk of development of cancer and several
chronic diseases. The proposed research focuses on FJV preferences in two
minority groups (African (AA) and Mexican Americans (MA)) at risk for
developing obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and cancers later in life. Since
children's food preferences and practices are initiated early in life (e.g. 2
to 5 years of age) early dietary intervention programs will have immediate
nutritional benefit for young children, and should reduce cancer risk when the
learned habits and preferences are carried into adult years. This work will be
conducted in Head Start centers because they are important social environments
within which food-related behaviors of young children are developed. Food
preferences are thought to be determinants of consumption; thus, achievement of
the FJV goal could relate to preferences for FJV. Measures of children's FJV
preferences should predict whether or not FJV made available to them will be
consumed. Validated instruments that assess the affective domain in eating
behaviors are needed. While preschoolers can provide reliable, valid
information concerning their preferences when food is presented to them, more
practical methods are needed for use with larger samples as well as for various
ethnic groups. The goal of this developmental project is to use qualitative and
quantitative techniques to develop a valid, reliable, and culturally tailored
method for assessing FJV preferences of young AA and MA children. The
development of new assessment tools with appropriate psychometric evaluation
(i.e., multicultural validation of instruments) is needed to provide a solid
theoretical and empirical foundation on which to develop more effective,
culturally tailored intervention methods for young children, in whom
interventions have been largely ineffective to date. This R21 grant proposal
will provide the opportunity to develop, test and validate a FJV preference
measure that will lead to (1) testing a behavioral model on environmental
influences on FJV preferences and consumption by young children, and (2)
planning an innovative behavioral intervention that focuses on increasing FJV
preferences and consumption of AA and MA preschool children (R01 grant
Interactive computerized fruit and vegetable preference measure for African-American and Hispanic preschoolers.
, Yang S.J.
, Hughes S.O.
, Fisher J.O.
, Morales M.
, Nicklas T.A.
Journal Of Nutrition Education And Behavior, 2006 Nov-Dec; 38(6), p. 352-9.