DESCRIPTION:(Adapted from Investigator's Abstract)
This project is a three-year hazard surveillance methods study to develop and
validate a mail survey instrument to characterize the potential for employee
exposure to chemicals at specific workplaces. The mail survey and pre-
testing, follow-up, and validation protocols will be designed with the
assistance of researchers from the Rutgers University-based Center for Public1
Interest Polling within the Eagleton Institute. The project's main objective
is to determine if a mail survey of employers reporting the use of chemicals
with comprehensive 6(b) OSHA standards on their Community Right to Know (CRTK)
Survey will generate estimates of potential occupational exposures to these
chemicals useful to prioritize specific workplaces for a variety of possible
interventions. The survey will target approximately 1,000 workplaces reporting
the use of at least 100 pounds of one or more of twenty-four chemicals for
which the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has
promulgated comprehensive standards under Section 6(b) of the OSH Act. All of
these chemicals are classified as carcinogens by either the International
Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) or OSHA. Reports of chemical use or
release will be obtained from the 1997 CRTK Survey and the 1996 Toxic Release
Inventory (TRI). CRTK Survey data for 1996 shows almost 2,000 reports of at
least 100 pounds of one of the OSHA 6(b) chemicals among 1,038 employers in
the private sector, both manufacturing and non-manufacturing. Telephone
follow-up will be conducted with survey non-responders and incomplete
responders. A stratified random sample of survey results, including pounds of
the specific chemical used per year, number of days used per year, and number
of employees potentially exposed, will be verified with onsite visits by
industrial hygienists to respondent employers' workplaces.
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