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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA080266-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Mermelstein, Robin
Organization: University Of Illinois
Project Title: Context and Subjective Experience of Early Smoking
Fiscal Year: 2001


DESCRIPTION: (Applicant's Description) The broad, long-term objective of this proposal is to increase our understanding of how adolescent's subjective experience of early trials of cigarette smoking impacts upon their future smoking behavior. The Specific Aims are 1) to increase our understanding of the subjective and objective microcontexts of adolescent smoking and how they vary by age and gender, 2) to describe adolescents' patterns of acceleration and deceleration in the frequency, intensity and regularity of smoking, and 3) to determine which micro- and macro-level factors differentiate youth who eventually either escalate, maintain, or discontinue their smoking. The research design follows youths ranging widely in their smoking behavior (from recent tryers to weekend smokers), cross-sectioned by grade (8th- 10th), at semi-annual intervals for a period of 18 months. During each data collection period adolescents will provide 1) intensive naturalistic self-reports on their daily experience and smoking behavior for one week and 2) retrospective questionnaire and interview data. Employing hand-held computer self-monitoring devices, we will use a combination of random time-sampling and event sampling while adolescents go about their daily lives to capture both smoking episodes and comparison events. This ecologically valid yet systematically collected data, Capturing thousands of moments nested in 240 adolescents, can provide a heretofore unseen picture of the subjective experience of adolescent smokers and examine its relationship to changes in smoking patterns. Findings from this study have potential for informing both smoking cessation and preventive interventions for adolescents.


MIXREGLS: A Program for Mixed-Effects Location Scale Analysis.
Authors: Hedeker D. , Nordgren R. .
Source: Journal of statistical software, 2013 Mar; 52(12), p. 1-38.
PMID: 23761062
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Examining the psychometric properties and predictive validity of a youth-specific version of the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) among teens with varying levels of smoking.
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Source: Addictive behaviors, 2009 Jun-Jul; 34(6-7), p. 616-9.
EPub date: 2009-03-24.
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Mood variability and cigarette smoking escalation among adolescents.
Authors: Weinstein S.M. , Mermelstein R. , Shiffman S. , Flay B. .
Source: Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 2008 Dec; 22(4), p. 504-13.
PMID: 19071975
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Analysis of binary outcomes with missing data: missing = smoking, last observation carried forward, and a little multiple imputation.
Authors: Hedeker D. , Mermelstein R.J. , Demirtas H. .
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Longitudinal Patterns of Daily Affect and Global Mood During Adolescence.
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Source: Journal of research on adolescence : the official journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence, 2007 Sep; 17(3), p. 587-600.
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Relations between daily activities and adolescent mood: the role of autonomy.
Authors: Weinstein S.M. , Mermelstein R. .
Source: Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53, 2007 Apr-Jun; 36(2), p. 182-94.
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Cognitive theories of depression in children and adolescents: a conceptual and quantitative review.
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Source: Clinical child and family psychology review, 2007 Mar; 10(1), p. 1-24.
PMID: 17318382
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Sex differences in adolescent depression: stress exposure and reactivity models.
Authors: Hankin B.L. , Mermelstein R. , Roesch L. .
Source: Child development, 2007 Jan-Feb; 78(1), p. 279-95.
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The time-varying influences of peer and family support on adolescent daily positive and negative affect.
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Recruitment and retention of adolescents in a smoking trajectory study: who participates and lessons learned.
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Adolescents' smoking expectancies: psychometric properties and prediction of behavior change.
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Individual and contextual influences on adolescent smoking.
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Source: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2004 Jun; 1021, p. 175-97.
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Beyond modeling: parenting practices, parental smoking history, and adolescent cigarette smoking.
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Positive youth development requires comprehensive health promotion programs.
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