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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA080262-03 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Lipkus, Isaac
Organization: Duke University
Project Title: Recruiting Teen Smokers Into a Self Help Quite Program
Fiscal Year: 2001


Smoking cessation programs for teen smokers have had negligible effects on quit rates, and the efficacy of these programs have been hindered by low recruitment and high attrition rates. The goals of this three-year project are to: 1) test on a larger scale a recruitment strategy, found promising based on pilot data, that uses principles of social marketing, compliance tactics (foot in the door), and science education to enlist teen smokers in a low intensity smoking cessation program, and 2) develop a low intensity self-help quit program for adolescent smokers ages 15-18 that incorporates written self-help materials, a motivational cessation video, and telephone counseling. During Phase 1 of the project, an advisory panel of teen smokers and ex-smokers will be used in formative studies involving work groups and one-on-one interviews to develop, test and refine components of the recruitment and cessation intervention before their full implementation in a randomized trial. During Phase 2, as part of a randomized field trial, we will test a two- step recruitment strategy and self-help quit program. For recruitment, both teen smokers from certain communities and those teen smokers who frequent malls will be asked to comply with a small behavior at a "mobile booth" in malls across North Carolina (step 1), that engages them to think about the benefits of quitting smoking and the effects of nicotine on brain functioning via a 3D animated video, before asking them to join a stop smoking program (step 2). Teens who participated in the "mobile booth" activities will be called within a month and asked to join the low- intensity smoking cessation program. Teens will be randomized to one of three areas: 1) written self-help guide only, 2) written self-help guide plus a motivational smoking cessation video, or 3) written self-help guide plus telephone counseling. These less intensive programs are reported to be the interventions of choice among adolescent smokers, are cost- effective, offer potential for wide dissemination, and can reach truant and out of school teen smokers. It is predicted that the self-help guide with motivational adjuncts (video/telephone counseling) will be more effective than the self-help guide alone at increasing 30-day and continuous abstinence and readiness to quit at 3 and 9 months post- baseline. Among the motivational adjuncts, it is expected that telephone counseling will be more effective at increasing 30-day and continuous abstinence and readiness to quit at 3 and 9 months post-baseline than will be the motivational cessation video.


Testing the interaction between parent-child relationship factors and parent smoking to predict youth smoking.
Authors: Tilson E.C. , McBride C.M. , Lipkus I.M. , Catalano R.F. .
Source: The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 2004 Sep; 35(3), p. 182-9.
PMID: 15313499
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A randomized trial comparing the effects of self-help materials and proactive telephone counseling on teen smoking cessation.
Authors: Lipkus I.M. , McBride C.M. , Pollak K.I. , Schwartz-Bloom R.D. , Tilson E. , Bloom P.N. .
Source: Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2004 Jul; 23(4), p. 397-406.
PMID: 15264976
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Interpretation of genetic risk feedback among African American smokers with low socioeconomic status.
Authors: Lipkus I.M. , McBride C.M. , Pollak K.I. , Lyna P. , Bepler G. .
Source: Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2004 Mar; 23(2), p. 178-88.
PMID: 15008663
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Distress and motivation for smoking cessation among lung cancer patients' relatives who smoke.
Authors: McBride C.M. , Pollak K.I. , Garst J. , Keefe F. , Lyna P. , Fish L. , Hood L. .
Source: Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education, 2003 Fall; 18(3), p. 150-6.
PMID: 14512262
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Weight and smoking cessation among low-income African Americans.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Namenek Brouwer R.J. , Lyna P. , Taiwo B. , McBride C.M. .
Source: American journal of preventive medicine, 2003 Aug; 25(2), p. 136-9.
PMID: 12880881
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Primary care residents' characteristics and motives for providing differential medical treatment of cervical cancer screening.
Authors: Arredondo E.M. , Pollak K.I. , Costanzo P. , McNeilly M. , Myers E. .
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association, 2003 Jul; 95(7), p. 576-84.
PMID: 12911255
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Understanding the potential of teachable moments: the case of smoking cessation.
Authors: McBride C.M. , Emmons K.M. , Lipkus I.M. .
Source: Health education research, 2003 Apr; 18(2), p. 156-70.
PMID: 12729175
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Reported cessation advice given to African Americans by health care providers in a community health clinic.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Taiwo B. , Lyna P. , Baldwin M. , Lipkus I.M. , Bepler G. , McBride C.M. .
Source: Journal of community health, 2002 Dec; 27(6), p. 381-93.
PMID: 12458781
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Women's reports of smoking cessation advice during reproductive health visits and subsequent smoking cessation.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , McBride C.M. , Scholes D. , Grothaus L.C. , Civic D. , Curry S.J. .
Source: The American journal of managed care, 2002 Oct; 8(10), p. 837-44.
PMID: 12395952
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Influence of stereotyping in smoking cessation counseling by primary care residents.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Arredondo E.M. , Yarnall K.S. , Lipkus I. , Myers E. , McNeilly M. , Costanzo P. .
Source: Ethnicity & disease, 2002 Fall; 12(4), p. 578-85.
PMID: 12477145
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Relations between self-generated positive and negative expected smoking outcomes and smoking behavior: an exploratory study among adolescents.
Authors: Anderson C.B. , Pollak K.I. , Wetter D.W. .
Source: Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 2002 Sep; 16(3), p. 196-204.
PMID: 12236454
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Incorporating genetic susceptibility feedback into a smoking cessation program for African-American smokers with low income.
Authors: McBride C.M. , Bepler G. , Lipkus I.M. , Lyna P. , Samsa G. , Albright J. , Datta S. , Rimer B.K. .
Source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2002 Jun; 11(6), p. 521-8.
PMID: 12050092
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Factors associated with patient-recalled smoking cessation advice in a low-income clinic.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , Yarnall K.S. , Rimer B.K. , Lipkus I. , Lyna P.R. .
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association, 2002 May; 94(5), p. 354-63.
PMID: 12069216
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Reasons for quitting smoking among low-income African American smokers.
Authors: McBride C.M. , Pollak K.I. , Bepler G. , Lyna P. , Lipkus I.M. , Samsa G.P. .
Source: Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2001 Sep; 20(5), p. 334-40.
PMID: 11570647
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Women's perceived and partners' reported support for smoking cessation during pregnancy.
Authors: Pollak K.I. , McBride C.M. , Curry S.J. , Lando H. , Pirie P.L. , Grothaus L.C. .
Source: Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2001 Summer; 23(3), p. 208-14.
PMID: 11495221
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