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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R03CA081604-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Kant, Ashima
Organization: Queens College
Project Title: Dietary Underreporting in a National Nutrition Survey
Fiscal Year: 2000
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Abstract

Measurement of dietary intake is a central component of nutrition research. However, a variety of measurement errors in virtually all methods of dietary assessment suggest a cautious interpretation of dietary data. The sources of error may be systematic or random. There has been increasing recognition of underreporting of food intake in dietary surveys as a source of measurement error. Dietary intakes obtained from all self-reported methods of dietary assessment--24-hour recalls, records, history, and food frequency questionnaires--have been shown to be underestimates of energy intake. Limited information on who is more likely to underreport is also available. For example, women and overweight individuals were more likely to underreport food intake in some studies. However, little is known about what is underreported. Because underreporting of food intake can bias results of studies focusing on diet and disease relationships, it is an important area of investigation. The purpose of this small grant proposal is to examine nationally representative data to determine the nature of underreporting. The study will use dietary data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994 (n=15,979), to determine what is underreported. The specific aims of this study are to determine whether food group intake or eating behaviors of dietary underreporters differ from those of adequate reporters. The significance of the proposed research is that findings of this study will help in: 1) strategies for improving dietary assessment methods, and 2) interpretation of results from analytic epidemiology studies relating food intake to disease by providing information on what kinds of foods are likely to be underreported.

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Publications

Interaction of body mass index and attempt to lose weight in a national sample of US adults: association with reported food and nutrient intake, and biomarkers.
Authors: Kant A.K. .
Source: European journal of clinical nutrition, 2003 Feb; 57(2), p. 249-59.
PMID: 12571656
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Weight-loss attempts and reporting of foods and nutrients, and biomarkers in a national cohort.
Authors: Kant A.K. .
Source: International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 2002 Sep; 26(9), p. 1194-204.
PMID: 12187396
Related Citations

Nature of dietary reporting by adults in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994.
Authors: Kant A.K. .
Source: Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2002 Aug; 21(4), p. 315-27.
PMID: 12166528
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