Skip to main content
An official website of the United States government
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA062918-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Gritz, Ellen
Organization: University Of Texas Md Anderson Can Ctr
Project Title: Prevention/Control of Skin Cancer
Fiscal Year: 1998


The purpose of the proposed study is to develop, implement, and evaluate a skin cancer prevention program designed to reduce ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure among children enrolled in preschools. Theory-based interventions will be developed and delivered to preschool employees, parents, and children. Preschool sites will be randomized to receive either a comprehensive intervention or a minimal intervention. Changes in employee/parent UVR knowledge and attitudes as well as changes in UVR protective actions directed toward child and self (sunscreen use and sun avoidance) will be measured. Sun exposure among children will be measured using a scale that combines exposure and protection data. Interventions will be directed at four levels: 1) the institutional commitment, 2) policies and practices, 3) the preschool employees, and 4) the parent/child level. Social Learning Theory will provide the conceptual foundation for the interventions. Measurement and evaluation procedures will determine: 1) a reduction in exposure to UVR among preschoolers, 2) change from baseline in employee/parent cognitive knowledge and behavioral practices, 3) change from baseline in organizational policies and practices, and 4) the extent of program implementation. This study will result in a model program and process to reduce UVR exposure among young children. The findings of this study will contribute to applied social science, both to the theoretical foundations of behavioral change and also to an understanding of organizations and environments that promote and enable positive health behavior change.


Effects of a preschool staff intervention on children's sun protection: outcomes of sun protection is fun!
Authors: Gritz E.R. , Tripp M.K. , James A.S. , Harrist R.B. , Mueller N.H. , Chamberlain R.M. , Parcel G.S. .
Source: Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 2007 Aug; 34(4), p. 562-77.
EPub date: 2006-05-31.
PMID: 16740505
Related Citations

An intervention for parents to promote preschool children's sun protection: effects of Sun Protection is Fun!
Authors: Gritz E.R. , Tripp M.K. , James A.S. , Carvajal S.C. , Harrist R.B. , Mueller N.H. , Chamberlain R.M. , Parcel G.S. .
Source: Preventive medicine, 2005 Aug; 41(2), p. 357-66.
PMID: 15917033
Related Citations

Validity and reliability of the parental sun protection scales.
Authors: Tripp M.K. , Carvajal S.C. , McCormick L.K. , Mueller N.H. , Hu S.H. , Parcel G.S. , Gritz E.R. .
Source: Health education research, 2003 Feb; 18(1), p. 58-73.
PMID: 12608684
Related Citations

Skin cancer prevention counseling and clinical practices of pediatricians.
Authors: Gritz E.R. , Tripp M.K. , de Moor C.A. , Eicher S.A. , Mueller N.H. , Spedale J.H. .
Source: Pediatric dermatology, 2003 Jan-Feb; 20(1), p. 16-24.
PMID: 12558840
Related Citations

Psychosocial correlates of sun-protective practices of preschool staff toward their students.
Authors: James A.S. , Tripp M.K. , Parcel G.S. , Sweeney A. , Gritz E.R. .
Source: Health education research, 2002 Jun; 17(3), p. 305-14.
PMID: 12120846
Related Citations

Sun Protection is Fun! A skin cancer prevention program for preschools.
Authors: Tripp M.K. , Herrmann N.B. , Parcel G.S. , Chamberlain R.M. , Gritz E.R. .
Source: The Journal of school health, 2000 Dec; 70(10), p. 395-401.
PMID: 11195949
Related Citations

Back to Top