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Grant Details

Grant Number: 1R01CA284748-01A1 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Bradbury, Angela
Organization: University Of Pennsylvania
Project Title: Aya Access Study: an Enhanced Ehealth and Chat-Bot Enabled Delivery Model for Clinical Genetic Services in Community Aya Cancer Patients
Fiscal Year: 2024


Each year, approximately 90,000 adolescents and young adults (AYA; National Cancer Institute defined age 15- 39 years at cancer diagnosis) are diagnosed with cancer. Despite increasing recognition that over 10% of AYAs harbor a pathogenic or likely pathogenic germline mutation in cancer predisposition genes, we know that many AYA do not get genetic testing, particularly at centers where there is limited access to genetic services. Focused efforts on the delivery of genetic services in the community setting, where many AYAs receive their care are needed to improve outcomes in this population. To address this important gap in genetic testing among AYAs and to address the need for innovative and effective models for delivery of genetic services in community oncology practices, we propose that an enhanced multimodality eHealth remote genetic services delivery model could increase uptake of genetic counseling and genetic testing among AYA. Our enhanced eHealth delivery model builds upon related research demonstrating high uptake of web-based pre-test counseling as an alternative to pre-test counseling with a genetic counselor with no difference in patient reported outcomes (R01 CA190871:Bradbury). Further, we propose to incorporate chatbot technology into our web-based alternative to address patient-specific questions and to increase engagement and provide service reminders and educational support throughout the delivery model. The overall goal of the study is to evaluate if our enhanced eHealth and chatbot enabled delivery model can increase uptake of genetic services and provide non-inferior patient reported outcomes as compared to the standard model for remote services. We will recruit AYA patients through the NCORP (National Cancer Institute Community Oncology Research Program). We propose a randomized study in 396 AYA cancer patients (18-39 YO at enrollment) in community practices to evaluate the efficacy of an enhanced eHealth and chatbot enabled delivery model as compared to remote genetic counseling and testing to increase uptake of cancer genetic testing in AYA (Aim 1). In Aim 2, we will evaluate the efficacy of the enhanced eHealth and chatbot enabled delivery model to provide non-inferior short-term and longitudinal cognitive (e.g. knowledge), affective (e.g. distress), and behavioral outcomes (e.g. cancer screening and communication to relatives) and costs (Aim 2a), and moderators of these short-term and longitudinal patient outcomes to understand who benefits more or less from the delivery intervention (Aim 2b). Concurrently, we will conduct a CFIR (Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research)-informed process evaluation to understand moderators of intervention usage and patient outcomes and facilitators and barriers to future implementation and sustainability of these delivery models to AYA cancer patients (Aim 3).



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