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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA270546-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Evans-Polce, Rebecca
Organization: University Of Michigan At Ann Arbor
Project Title: E-Cigarette Use Among U.S. Adolescents and Young Adults: Longitudinal Associations with Tobacco Use and Health and Dimensions of Risk and Protection
Fiscal Year: 2024


PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT One-third of U.S. adolescents and young adults (AYAs) report e-cigarette (EC) use, making it the leading nicotine/tobacco product used by AYAs. Most longitudinal studies of e-cigarette use only focus on short-term outcomes 1-3 years later, do not fully examine newer vs. older generation e-cigarette products, and do not consider potential differences by sex, age, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, or sexual orientation. Potential bias in e-cigarette estimates over time is not well understood. These gaps warrant longer-term prospective investigations with clinically relevant measures in diverse national samples of AYAs. This project will identify longitudinal trajectories of e-cigarette use and their relationships with cigarette smoking, other nicotine/tobacco products, other substance use, tobacco use disorder (TUD) symptoms, nicotine/tobacco cessation, and health consequences related to nicotine/tobacco use among U.S. AYAs. Our study aims to: (1) Compare state-of-the-art statistical approaches for reducing nonresponse bias in estimates of trajectories and survival models for EC use due to differential attrition, and evaluate the reporting bias associated with self- reports of EC use using biomarker data; (2) Examine the initiation of e-cigarette use and transitions with other nicotine/tobacco product use and other substance use in AYAs over 4- and 7-year time periods of longitudinal data; (3) Identify the trajectories of EC, cigarette, and other tobacco use and their longitudinal relationships with adverse health consequences (e.g., TUD symptoms, health problems) measured with survey and biomarker data in AYAs over 4- and 7-year time periods, and determine if trajectories or consequences differ by age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, sexual orientation, or newer vs. older e-cigarette products; and (4) Based on the Social Ecological Model, assess multiple levels of risk and protective factors (and interactions across levels) for EC use trajectories and their associations with other nicotine/tobacco use, tobacco cessation, and health consequences over 4- and 7-year time periods, and examine if EC use trajectories and their associations with other nicotine/tobacco use, tobacco cessation, and health consequences differ by age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, sexual orientation, or newer vs. older EC products. An experienced team will conduct secondary analyses of longitudinal data from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) and Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) studies. These two epidemiological studies are the most recent and largest nationally representative longitudinal studies that allow for the identification of long-term trajectories and consequences of EC use among AYAs. This project will use longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of 9,800 secondary students measured between 2014 and 2020 in the MTF study, and a prospective nationally representative sample of 13,651 adolescents (12-17 years), 9,802 young adults (18-25 years), and 22,506 adults (26 and older) measured across six waves in the PATH study (2013/2014-2020).


Social Ecological Influences on Nicotine/Tobacco Use Among Gender-Varying and Gender-Stable Adolescents and Adults in the USA.
Authors: Kcomt L. , Evans-Polce R.J. , Engstrom C.W. , Takahashi J. , Matthews P.A. , Veliz P.T. , West B.T. , McCabe S.E. .
Source: Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2024-01-01; 58(1), p. 1-11.
PMID: 37983126
Related Citations

Cigarette and e-cigarette use trajectories and prospective prescription psychotherapeutic drug misuse among adolescents and young adults.
Authors: Harton M.R. , Seo D.C. , Evans-Polce R.J. , Nguyen I. , Parker M.A. .
Source: Addictive behaviors, 2023 Dec; 147, p. 107818.
EPub date: 2023-07-28.
PMID: 37540966
Related Citations

Examining sexual identity stability and change over time and associations with tobacco use in a nationally representative US sample.
Authors: Evans-Polce R.J. , Veliz P. , Kcomt L. , Boyd C.J. , Esteban McCabe S. .
Source: Addictive behaviors, 2023 Jun; 141, p. 107661.
EPub date: 2023-02-11.
PMID: 36821882
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Sexual Identity Differences in Tobacco (Re)Uptake: Testing Mediation by Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms.
Authors: Evans-Polce R.J. , Schuler M.S. , Kcomt L. , McCabe V.V. , McCabe S.E. .
Source: American journal of preventive medicine, 2023 Jun; 64(6), p. 824-833.
EPub date: 2023-02-09.
PMID: 36774307
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