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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R37CA269385-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Graboyes, Evan
Organization: Medical University Of South Carolina
Project Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate a Novel Treatment Strategy for Body Image-Related Distress Among Head and Neck Cancer Survivors
Fiscal Year: 2024


Abstract

PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT This R01 proposal aims to test the efficacy of a tele-cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention as a novel treatment paradigm for body image-related distress (BID) among head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors, examine it’s underlying mechanism of change, and characterize factors affecting its future adoption into clinical practice. Treatment of HNC results in substantial life-altering morbidity related to disfigurement, challenges speaking, and difficulty swallowing. As a result, 75% of HNC survivors express body image concerns and 28% meet criteria for BID. BID is a source of devastating psychosocial morbidity, as HNC survivors with BID have a six-fold increase in depression, high rates of social isolation, decreased quality of life (QOL), and a 2-fold higher rate of suicide mortality relative to other cancer survivors. To date, evidence-based strategies to manage HNC- related BID are lacking. To address this gap, we developed BRIGHT (Building a Renewed ImaGe after Head & neck cancer Treatment), a 5-session manualized tele-CBT intervention based on a transactional coping model of HNC-related BID. Findings from our single-arm and pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) showed that BRIGHT was feasible, acceptable, and resulted in a statistically and clinically significant reduction in BID relative to dose- and delivery-matched controls at 1- and 3-month follow-up. Our preliminary data suggest that BRIGHT reduces HNC-related BID by enhancing adaptive body image coping skills (reducing avoidance, increasing positive rational acceptance [i.e., rational appearance related self-talk]). Based on these promising preliminary efficacy and mechanistic data, we propose a multi-site RCT in which HNC survivors with clinically significant BID (N=180) will be randomized to BRIGHT or attention control (AC), a manualized tele-supportive care intervention that controls for time, professional attention, and common factors. HNC survivors will complete measures of HNC-related BID, psychological and social well-being, QOL, and measures of theory-derived mechanisms of change underlying CBT. We will conduct semi-structured interviews and in-depth site visits to develop an implementation toolkit to enhance the adoption of BRIGHT into clinical care. Specific Aim 1 will evaluate the efficacy of BRIGHT relative to AC on (a) HNC-related BID and (b) psychological and social well-being and QOL. Specific Aim 2 will examine the mechanism of change underlying BRIGHT for HNC-related BID. Specific Aim 3 will characterize key determinants that will affect the future adoption of BRIGHT into routine clinical practice. Findings from our study may support BRIGHT as the first evidence-based strategy to manage BID among HNC survivors, thereby developing new standards of care and improving psychosocial morbidity and QOL in this population. Theory-driven mechanism of change data may help identify specific therapeutic elements to optimize the effectiveness of CBT for BID as well as advance our understanding of the underlying theory of CBT. Finally, findings may enhance the implementation of psychosocial interventions for cancer survivors in diverse settings.



Publications

Mechanism underlying a brief cognitive behavioral treatment for head and neck cancer survivors with body image distress.
Authors: Graboyes E.M. , Kistner-Griffin E. , Hill E.G. , Maurer S. , Balliet W. , Williams A.M. , Padgett L. , Yan F. , Rush A. , Johnson B. , et al. .
Source: Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 2023-12-16; 32(1), p. 32.
EPub date: 2023-12-16.
PMID: 38102496
Related Citations

Mechanism Underlying a Brief Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for Head and Neck Cancer Survivors with Body Image Distress.
Authors: Graboyes E.M. , Kistner-Griffin E. , Hill E.G. , Maurer S. , Balliet W. , Williams A.M. , Padgett L. , Yan F. , Rush A. , Johnson B. , et al. .
Source: Research square, 2023-09-06; , .
EPub date: 2023-09-06.
PMID: 37720013
Related Citations

Allyship to Advance Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Otolaryngology: What We Can All Do.
Authors: Balakrishnan K. , Faucett E.A. , Villwock J. , Boss E.F. , Esianor B.I. , Jefferson G.D. , Graboyes E.M. , Thompson D.M. , Flanary V.A. , Brenner M.J. .
Source: Current otorhinolaryngology reports, 2023 Sep; 11(3), p. 201-214.
EPub date: 2023-07-04.
PMID: 38073717
Related Citations

Efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral therapy for head and neck cancer survivors with body image distress: secondary outcomes from the BRIGHT pilot randomized clinical trial.
Authors: Graboyes E.M. , Kistner-Griffin E. , Hill E.G. , Maurer S. , Balliet W. , Williams A.M. , Padgett L. , Yan F. , Rush A. , Johnson B. , et al. .
Source: Journal of cancer survivorship : research and practice, 2023-08-29; , .
EPub date: 2023-08-29.
PMID: 37644354
Related Citations

Efficacy of a Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer Survivors with Body Image Distress: Secondary Outcomes from the BRIGHT Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial.
Authors: Graboyes E.M. , Kistner-Griffin E. , Hill E.G. , Maurer S. , Balliet W. , Williams A.M. , Padgett L. , Yan F. , Rush A. , Johnson B. , et al. .
Source: Research square, 2023-08-07; , .
EPub date: 2023-08-07.
PMID: 37609318
Related Citations

Optimizing Function and Appearance After Head and Neck Reconstruction: Measurement and Intervention.
Authors: Graboyes E.M. , Barbon C.E.A. .
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America, 2023 Aug; 56(4), p. 835-852.
EPub date: 2023-05-26.
PMID: 37246027
Related Citations




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