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Grant Details

Grant Number: 1R01CA272594-01A1 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Swisher, Elizabeth
Organization: University Of Washington
Project Title: Clonal Hematopoiesis and Therapy-Emergent Myeloid Neoplasms in Patients with Ovarian Cancer
Fiscal Year: 2023


ABSTRACT Most women diagnosed with ovarian cancer are treated with many rounds of chemotherapy and often years of a an oral PARP inhibitor drug for “maintenance” therapy. These therapies have extended life for women with metastatic ovarian cancer, but at the cost of increased toxicity. One long term toxicity is the development of leukemia or other blood disorders, often called therapy related myeloid neoplasia (TMN). These secondary malignancies are a known risk of chemotherapy, and ovarian cancer survivors have one of the highest rates of TMN of any group of cancer survivors. The diagnosis of TMN is usually fatal, with survival measured in months. TMN is nearly always detectable in a pre-malignant state as a clonal expansion of blood cells years before a clinical diagnosis. Non-malignant clonal expansion of white blood cells is often termed clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP). The interval between CHIP and development of blood cancers is many years, providing an opportunity to better understand the natural progression of TMN and perhaps a window for intervention and prevention. Clonal hematopoiesis (CH) can also arise during normal aging, but only a small fraction progress to a blood cancer. A better understanding of the natural progression of CH in ovarian cancer survivors is needed to tailor safe and effective ovarian cancer therapies. Our team is co-led by experts in ovarian cancer genetics and hematological malignancies and will enroll 2000 survivors across the country with ovarian cancer, including 200 with CH. We will follow these individuals with CH with serial blood draws obtained every 6 months for at least 3 years to define risk factors for progression of CH to TMN. For a subset of patients with acquisition of TMN during the study, we will evaluate clonal dynamics and genetic and chromosomal alterations over time at the single cell level, which will provide novel data on the changes that occur in the malignant transformation of myeloid cells in response to cytotoxic therapy. In this way, we will learn who is at risk of TMN and develop strategies for the monitoring and prevention of this deadly long-term treatment toxicity. These studies will improve outcomes for patients with ovarian cancer and also will be applicable to survivors or many cancer types, who are also at risk for TMN.



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