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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA235711-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Iyengar, Neil
Organization: Sloan-Kettering Inst Can Research
Project Title: Phase 1a/1b Trial of Exercise Treatment in Hormone Receptor-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer
Fiscal Year: 2023


PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT Nearly half of patients receiving first line therapy for hormone receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) do not respond to treatment, and virtually all develop treatment resistance. Efficacious but low cost strategies that can be chronically administered with minimal toxicity are urgently required. Structured aerobic exercise therapy (hereafter exercise) is one such candidate approach. However, most exercise-oncology studies to date have been conducted in early-stage cancers to test the impact of exercise on symptom control outcomes (e.g., fatigue, pain). To develop exercise as an anticancer strategy, early phase studies are required to determine the appropriate exercise dose for further testing – this is a mandatory prerequisite in drug development but one largely ignored in the development of exercise as a treatment strategy. The overall objective of this grant is to identify the optimal dose of exercise in patients with HR-positive MBC. Prior observational and preclinical evidence provide promising hypothesis-generating data of an association between exercise and improved prognosis. The next step in the development of exercise as an anti-cancer intervention is to identify the optimal dose for testing in randomized control trials (RCTs). Our group recently reported a vanguard clinical trial (R21 CA133186) showing, for the first time, the feasibility, safety, and promising benefit of a conservative exercise prescription in MBC patients with good performance status receiving 1st or 2nd-line therapy. Based on this strong scientific rationale, our specific aims are (1) to identify the maximum feasible dose (MFD) of exercise in a phase 1a dose-finding study, and (2) to further assess tolerability and biological / clinical activity in a phase 1b dose-expansion cohort. In Aim 1, 40 postmenopausal women receiving first-line therapy for HR-positive MBC will be allocated to one of five exercise doses which will consist of supervised individualized treadmill walking 3 to 5 days/week, at 50% to 85% exercise capacity for landmark 24 weeks. In Aim 2, 40 postmenopausal MBC patients will receive the MFD of exercise or one dose level below the MFD. The primary endpoint is tolerability. Secondary endpoints are biological and clinical activity. Biological activity will be assessed by change in tumor burden, quantified by circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in serially obtained liquid biopsies. Clinical activity will be assessed by radiographic tumor response, progression free survival, and quality of life measures. We hypothesize that a tolerable dose of exercise will be identified and that this dose will have antitumor activity characterized by reductions in tumor burden (ctDNA) and improvements in clinical response compared to historical data. This contribution is significant because it will inform the recommended phase 2 dose of exercise for testing in definitive RCTs. This proposal is innovative because it adapts rigorous standards from oncology drug development and incorporates novel liquid biopsy technology (e.g., ctDNA), thereby setting a new standard for exercise oncology research and practice.


Incidence, risk factors, and management of alpelisib-associated hyperglycemia in metastatic breast cancer.
Authors: Shen S. , Chen Y. , Carpio A. , Chang C. , Iyengar N.M. .
Source: Cancer, 2023-12-15; 129(24), p. 3854-3861.
EPub date: 2023-09-25.
PMID: 37743730
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Insulin-Lowering Diets in Metastatic Cancer.
Authors: Shen S. , Iyengar N.M. .
Source: Nutrients, 2022-08-27; 14(17), .
EPub date: 2022-08-27.
PMID: 36079800
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Plant-Based and Ketogenic Diets As Diverging Paths to Address Cancer: A Review.
Authors: Shah U.A. , Iyengar N.M. .
Source: JAMA oncology, 2022-08-01; 8(8), p. 1201-1208.
PMID: 35797039
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Obesity and Breast Cancer Risk: The Oncogenic Implications of Metabolic Dysregulation.
Authors: Naaman S.C. , Shen S. , Zeytinoglu M. , Iyengar N.M. .
Source: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 2022-07-14; 107(8), p. 2154-2166.
PMID: 35453151
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Targeting obesity-related dysfunction in hormonally driven cancers.
Authors: Rubinstein M.M. , Brown K.A. , Iyengar N.M. .
Source: British journal of cancer, 2021 Aug; 125(4), p. 495-509.
EPub date: 2021-04-28.
PMID: 33911195
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Genomic profiling identifies somatic mutations predicting thromboembolic risk in patients with solid tumors.
Authors: Dunbar A. , Bolton K.L. , Devlin S.M. , Sanchez-Vega F. , Gao J. , Mones J.V. , Wills J. , Kelly D. , Farina M. , Cordner K.B. , et al. .
Source: Blood, 2021-04-15; 137(15), p. 2103-2113.
PMID: 33270827
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