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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA230268-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Huang, Yijian
Organization: Emory University
Project Title: Statistical Methods for Cancer Detection Using Biomarkers
Fiscal Year: 2023


PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT In cancer research, precision medicine hinges on the development of valid biomarkers for cancer diagnosis, disease prognosis, and prediction of response to specific therapeutic interventions. Fueled by the rapid recent advances in the scientific knowledge of molecular biology and high-throughput omics technologies, a large number of candidate biomarkers for various cancers have been or are being identified. Statistical and computational methods play a critical role in rigorously evaluating these biomarkers and further developing clinically relevant prediction rules to ultimately improve and advance cancer treatment and patient management. However, most existing methods, for continuous biomarkers, target diagnostic accuracy measures dictated by mathematical convenience rather than clinical utility. Particularly, a screening or diagnostic test in many clinical contexts needs to maintain a high sensitivity (or specificity) and thus specificity at a controlled sensitivity level (or sensitivity at a controlled specificity level) is a clinically desirable accuracy metric. Yet, statistical and computation methods for this metric are mostly lacking, or suboptimal even when available as in limited circumstances. To address this urgent analytic need, this proposed project will develop novel and efficient statistical and computational methods specifically targeting this accuracy metric of clinical interest. When a single biomarker is under consideration or compared with another biomarker, Aims 1 and 2 will provide statistical tools for the inference and for covariate adjustment. On the other hand, multiplex prediction rules that prudently combine multiple biomarkers hold the promise to achieve improved diagnostic accuracy, since many cancers are heterogeneous. For optimal multiplex rule formulation, Aims 3 and 4 will develop computation algorithms and statistical inference methods with both linear combination and, often biologically and clinically motivated, logic combinations. These proposed analytic methods will be thoroughly investigated through rigorous asymptotic studies and extensive simulations. They will be applied to a number of our prostate cancer biomarker studies, which motivated this project, from the Early Disease Research Network (EDRN). User-friendly computer software will be made available to the research community. These proposed methods will facilitate more effective biomarker research for cancer as well as other diseases.


Covariate-specific evaluation of continuous biomarker.
Authors: Li Z. , Huang Y. , Patil D. , Rubin M. , Sanda M.G. .
Source: Statistics in medicine, 2023-03-30; 42(7), p. 953-969.
EPub date: 2023-01-04.
PMID: 36600184
Related Citations

Covariate adjustment in continuous biomarker assessment.
Authors: Li Z. , Huang Y. , Patil D. , Sanda M.G. .
Source: Biometrics, 2023 Mar; 79(1), p. 39-48.
EPub date: 2021-12-14.
PMID: 34811731
Related Citations

Interval estimation for operating characteristic of continuous biomarkers with controlled sensitivity or specificity.
Authors: Huang Y. , Parakati I. , Patil D.H. , Sanda M.G. .
Source: Statistica Sinica, 2023 Jan; 33(1), p. 193-214.
PMID: 37193541
Related Citations

Authors: Huang Y. , Sanda M.G. .
Source: Annals of statistics, 2022 Oct; 50(5), p. 2793-2815.
EPub date: 2022-10-27.
PMID: 36341282
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