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Grant Details

Grant Number: 1R03CA270677-01 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Tomko, Rachel
Organization: Medical University Of South Carolina
Project Title: A Novel Data-Driven Approach for Personalizing Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapy
Fiscal Year: 2022


Abstract

PROJECT ABSTRACT Cigarette smoking contributes to one-third of cancer deaths. Approximately 14% of adults in the United States are current tobacco smokers. Though several Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved smoking cessation pharmacotherapies exist [e.g., varenicline, bupropion, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)], utilization rates remain low and a substantial portion of smokers do not respond to existing treatments. A personalized treatment recommendation in which smokers are provided with a smoking cessation pharmacotherapy based on their individual characteristics may improve both utilization of FDA-approved smoking cessation pharmacotherapies and quit success among smokers. Our goal is to develop an algorithm, based on demographic and clinical data assessed prior to treatment, to estimate individual smokers' likely response to FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation, including varenicline, bupropion, and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Models will account for the likelihood of adverse effects of medication and non-adherence. Individual estimates of treatment response will be obtained through sophisticated analytic modeling (e.g., machine learning techniques) of existing data from a single, large-scale randomized controlled trial (EAGLES trial conducted by Pfizer and GlaxoSmithKline, United States sample, N=4207). The EAGLES trial provides a rich dataset comparing three FDA-approved medications head-to-head in a large and clinically representative sample. In the EAGLES trial, participants were randomly assigned to receive varenicline (1 mg twice daily), bupropion (150 mg twice daily), NRT patch (21 mg per day with taper), or placebo pill capsules/patches for 12 weeks. Smoking cessation outcomes at weeks 9 through 12 were measured. We propose to use multiple statistical techniques (e.g., machine learning) to optimize a model for predicting an individual's likelihood of specific smoking cessation success in response to each treatment. Consistent with the primary analyses in the EAGLES trial, we will define treatment success as carbon monoxide-confirmed continuous abstinence during weeks 9 through 12. Secondarily, we will also examine continuous abstinence during weeks 9 through 24. We will develop a patient and provider-facing mobile app prototype that implements the best-fitting algorithm and prospectively predicts new patients' likelihood of smoking cessation with various pharmacotherapies. The mobile app will allow a new patient to complete a reduced set of assessments based on the predictors deemed relevant in the final model. The development of an app prototype will position us to complete user testing and refinement in a future study. Finally, we will develop a R package to facilitate implementation of similar models by statisticians working with other disease data.



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