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Grant Details

Grant Number: 1R01CA248439-01A1 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Wolfson, Julie
Organization: University Of Alabama At Birmingham
Project Title: Predictors of Systemic Exposure to Oral 6mp During Maintenance in Adolescentsand Young Adults with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Fiscal Year: 2021


Abstract

PROJECT SUMMARY / ABSTRACT Patients diagnosed with cancer between the ages of 15-39y have not seen the same improvement in survival when compared with patients diagnosed as children (<15y). These patients have received special designation by the NCI as adolescents and young adults (AYA), accompanied by a mandate to address these outcome disparities. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) epitomizes this phenomenon, where survival rates in AYA continue to lag behind children (5y overall survival: 1-14y: 86%; 15-21: 56%; 22-29: 42%; 30-39: 35%). Across pediatric-inspired and adult-style therapy regimens, ALL therapy includes a prolonged (~2y) maintenance phase of chemotherapy requiring daily oral 6-mercaptopurine (6MP). A large investigation recently confirmed that inadequate systemic exposure to 6MP is associated with an increased risk of relapse; to measure systemic 6MP exposure, this comprehensive approach assessed the levels of a 6MP metabolite (thioguanine nucleotide [TG]) incorporated into DNA (DNA-TG). Several AYA-specific factors likely contribute to systemic 6MP exposure and have not been examined systematically. These factors are likely related to both the AYA patient (6MP adherence) and healthcare (disease management, reflected by the provider-prescribed 6MP dose intensity [DI]), as well as the barriers and facilitators within these domains. We hypothesize that systemic exposure to 6MP will correlate with both 6MP adherence (in the patient domain) and disease management, as represented by provider- prescribed 6MP DI (in the healthcare domain). We will examine these associations between DNA-TG levels and both 6MP adherence and 6MP DI, adjusting for pharmacogenetics. We will then identify barriers/ facilitators to both 6MP adherence and disease management, using a mixed methods convergent parallel study design, both quantitatively determining the predictors of adherence and 6MP DI, and qualitatively describing the perspectives of both the patients and healthcare providers. We will conduct this study using a prospective cohort of AYA patients in ALL maintenance therapy across a national 14-site consortium of multiple types of facilities and oncology practices. For 6 months per patient, 6MP adherence will be monitored electronically and monthly DNA- TG levels will be followed (peripheral blood). Patient questionnaires will capture self-reported barriers and facilitators of adherence as well as sociodemographics; institution-level questionnaires will capture healthcare factors. Findings from this study have the potential to identify both patient-related and healthcare-related targets amenable to interventions with the potential to mitigate AYA outcome disparities in AYA patients with ALL. Furthermore, this study establishes the infrastructure to continue to follow this cohort for relapse, and conduct intervention(s) informed by this proposed trial within a novel AYA-focused consortium.



Publications


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