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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA231321-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Burch, James
Organization: University Of South Carolina At Columbia
Project Title: Role of Circadian Factors in Inflammation and Colorectal Adenoma Risk
Fiscal Year: 2020


Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the most common and deadly forms of cancer. In South Carolina, our group has documented racial CRC disparities that exceed national rates. Most colon tumors arise from adenomas (adenomatous polyps) that are detected via a screening colonoscopy. Gastrointestinal (GI) inflammation and aberrant DNA methylation are key processes driving adenoma formation and CRC risk. Sleep loss and circadian rhythm disruption can induce inflammation, alter DNA methylation, and increase CRC risk. African- Americans (AAs) differ from European-Americans (EAs) in their endogenous circadian timing, and they are more likely than EAs to have poor sleep and excessive stress (allostatic overload or ‘weathering’). This case- control study will test the hypothesis that disruption of circadian processes and sleep is associated with inflammation and adenoma risk among AA and EA patients receiving a screening colonoscopy. Molecular timekeeping is controlled by ‘clock genes’ that regulate circadian gene expression via epigenetic mechanisms. Clock genes can modulate inflammation (e.g., TNFα, IL-6 expression), and they act as tumor suppressors (e.g., the ‘Period’ or PER genes). Our research suggests that genetic variation or aberrant methylation in PER genes is associated with increased adenoma risk, and that sleep disorders can increase CRC risk. Melatonin is a clock-regulated hormone that suppresses GI inflammation and inhibits colon tumor growth by binding to its cellular receptors (MT-1, RORα). This study will characterize biobehavioral circadian disruption indicators (sleep disturbances, social jet lag, fatigue, stress), along with key molecular correlates (PER3 genotype and methylation of: clock genes [PER1, PER2, PER3]; clock-controlled genes [MT-1, RORα, TNFα, IL-6]; and global DNA methylation [LINE-1]) to determine their role in inflammation and adenoma risk. A biobehavioral framework will address the following Specific Aims: 1) Conduct a case-control study among patients undergoing a screening colonoscopy to determine whether circadian disruption indicators (DNA methylation, biobehavioral, genetic) are associated with adenoma case status relative to controls, and if the relationship is modified by race (N=1,000; 400 cases, 600 controls); 2) Determine if circadian disruption indicators are associated with inflammation in normal GI tissue (TNFα, IL-6 mRNA expression); 3) Determine whether behavioral and molecular circadian disruption indicators are related; 4) Among adenoma cases, determine if methylation of candidate circadian genes in adenomas differs from normal GI tissue. Our team has a strong track record of providing high quality colonoscopy services and in engaging AA and EA communities in research. Prospective data collection (relative to colonoscopy) and the use of valid, quantitative biobehavioral and molecular measures will limit the potential introduction of bias. This study will rigorously examine circadian-based behavioral and molecular risk factors as they relate to GI inflammation and colorectal adenoma risk. Circadian-based risk factors may serve as novel, modifiable targets for CRC prevention.



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