|Grant Number:||5R01CA136887-05 Interpret this number|
|Primary Investigator:||Keku, Temitope|
|Organization:||Univ Of North Carolina Chapel Hill|
|Project Title:||Intestinal Microbiota, Diet and Risk of Colorectal Adenomas|
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Evidence from animal and human studies suggests that intestinal bacteria may contribute to the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC), a major leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States. Potential mechanisms for the link between gut microbiota and CRC is through diet and inflammation. We propose a model whereby intestinal bacteria play a prominent role in the etiology of CRC through diet, inflammation and metabolism of xenobiotics. We propose to test the hypothesis that adherent bacteria (adherent) are linked with elevated risk of colorectal adenoma and that these bacteria modulate the association between diet, inflammation and colorectal adenomas. We propose that distinct patterns of commensal colonization or presence/absence of specific bacteria species will correlate with adenoma risk. The specific aims are to 1) determine whether the adherent (mucosa-associated) bacteria community composition and structure (profiles) differ between subjects with adenomas and those without adenomas, 2) evaluate the associations of adherent bacteria profiles and systemic or local markers of inflammation (IL-12, IL-23, IL-4, IL-17, INF(, IL-8, IL-10 and TGF-(; macrophages, NK cells, T cells- CD4+ and CD8+; protein expression of NF-(B (p65) and STAT3) among subjects with and without adenomas, 3) assess the association between adherent bacteria profiles and diet/lifestyle such as fiber, meat intake, obesity (body mass index (BMI), waist-hip-ratio), and NSAID use in relation to colorectal adenomas. Evaluation of the diversity of gut bacteria in relation to disease in humans is limited in part, by the difficulty growing these organisms in culture. Recent advances in molecular methods have made it possible to assess the role of intestinal microbiota in diseases such as colon cancer. To test our hypothesis, we propose to use molecular-phylogenetic methods based on the highly conserved 16S bacteria rRNA gene to assess the contribution of intestinal microbiota to the development of colorectal adenomas. These methods include PCR amplification of the 16S rRNA gene, terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (TRFLP), generation of bacteria clone libraries and sequencing. This study will use colonic biopsy specimens obtained from 600 patients (300 cases and 300 controls) and risk factor data such as diet and inflammation from a funded ongoing study of colorectal adenomas, the Diet and Health Study (NCI R01 CA 44684). Limited information exists on the role of gut bacteria in the development of adenomas. This study will provide critical insights on the composition and diversity of the microbiota and their association with colorectal adenomas and known risk factors. The findings from this study could lead to the development of strategies to manipulate the intestinal microbiota to prevent colorectal adenomas and cancer as well as identify individuals at high risk.
Mediators Of First- Versus Second-generation Antipsychotic-related Mortality In Older Adults
Authors: Jackson J.W. , VanderWeele T.J. , Blacker D. , Schneeweiss S. .
Source: Epidemiology (cambridge, Mass.), 2015 Sep; 26(5), p. 700-9.
Comparative Effectiveness Of Oxaliplatin Versus 5-flourouricil In Older Adults: An Instrumental Variable Analysis
Authors: Mack C.D. , Brookhart M.A. , Glynn R.J. , Meyer A.M. , Carpenter W.R. , Sandler R.S. , Stürmer T. .
Source: Epidemiology (cambridge, Mass.), 2015 Sep; 26(5), p. 690-9.
The Gastrointestinal Microbiota And Colorectal Cancer
Authors: Keku T.O. , Dulal S. , Deveaux A. , Jovov B. , Han X. .
Source: American Journal Of Physiology. Gastrointestinal And Liver Physiology, 2015-03-01 00:00:00.0; 308(5), p. G351-63.
Reduced Insulin-like Growth Factor I Receptor And Altered Insulin Receptor Isoform Mrnas In Normal Mucosa Predict Colorectal Adenoma Risk
Authors: Santoro M.A. , Andres S.F. , Galanko J.A. , Sandler R.S. , Keku T.O. , Lund P.K. .
Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : A Publication Of The American Association For Cancer Research, Cosponsored By The American Society Of Preventive Oncology, 2014 Oct; 23(10), p. 2093-100.
Gut Microbiome And Colorectal Adenomas
Authors: Dulal S. , Keku T.O. .
Source: Cancer Journal (sudbury, Mass.), 2014 May-Jun; 20(3), p. 225-31.
Altered Tissue Metabolites Correlate With Microbial Dysbiosis In Colorectal Adenomas
Authors: Nugent J.L. , McCoy A.N. , Addamo C.J. , Jia W. , Sandler R.S. , Keku T.O. .
Source: Journal Of Proteome Research, 2014-04-04 00:00:00.0; 13(4), p. 1921-9.
Fusobacterium Spp. And Colorectal Cancer: Cause Or Consequence?
Authors: Keku T.O. , McCoy A.N. , Azcarate-Peril A.M. .
Source: Trends In Microbiology, 2013 Oct; 21(10), p. 506-8.
Calendar Time-specific Propensity Scores And Comparative Effectiveness Research For Stage Iii Colon Cancer Chemotherapy
Authors: Mack C.D. , Glynn R.J. , Brookhart M.A. , Carpenter W.R. , Meyer A.M. , Sandler R.S. , Stürmer T. .
Source: Pharmacoepidemiology And Drug Safety, 2013 Aug; 22(8), p. 810-8.
Plasma Insulin, Glucose, Igf-i, Igf-ii, And Igfbp-3 And Risk Of Recurrent Colorectal Adenomas
Authors: Kang M. , Peery A.F. , Locklear C. , Galanko J.A. , Sandler R.S. , Keku T.O. .
Source: Journal Of Gastroenterology And Hepatology Research, 2013-04-14 00:00:00.0; 2(4), p. 531-535.
Fusobacterium Is Associated With Colorectal Adenomas
Authors: McCoy A.N. , Araújo-Pérez F. , Azcárate-Peril A. , Yeh J.J. , Sandler R.S. , Keku T.O. .
Source: Plos One, 2013; 8(1), p. e53653.
Association Of Plasma Endotoxin, Inflammatory Cytokines And Risk Of Colorectal Adenomas
Authors: Kang M. , Edmundson P. , Araujo-Perez F. , McCoy A.N. , Galanko J. , Keku T.O. .
Source: Bmc Cancer, 2013; 13, p. 91.
Differences In Microbial Signatures Between Rectal Mucosal Biopsies And Rectal Swabs
Authors: Araújo-Pérez F. , McCoy A.N. , Okechukwu C. , Carroll I.M. , Smith K.M. , Jeremiah K. , Sandler R.S. , Asher G.N. , Keku T.O. .
Source: Gut Microbes, 2012 Nov-Dec; 3(6), p. 530-5.
Intestinal Inflammation Targets Cancer-inducing Activity Of The Microbiota
Authors: Arthur,J.C. , Perez-Chanona,E. , Mühlbauer,M. , Tomkovich,S. , Uronis,J.M. , Fan,T.J. , Campbell,B.J. , Abujamel,T. , Dogan,B. , Rogers,A.B. , et al. .
Source: Science (new York, N.y.), 2012-10-05 00:00:00.0; 338(6103), p. 120-3.
Increased Rectal Microbial Richness Is Associated With The Presence Of Colorectal Adenomas In Humans
Authors: Sanapareddy N. , Legge R.M. , Jovov B. , McCoy A. , Burcal L. , Araujo-Perez F. , Randall T.A. , Galanko J. , Benson A. , Sandler R.S. , et al. .
Source: The Isme Journal, 2012 Oct; 6(10), p. 1858-68.
Molecular Characterization Of Mucosal Adherent Bacteria And Associations With Colorectal Adenomas
Authors: Shen X.J. , Rawls J.F. , Randall T. , Burcal L. , Mpande C.N. , Jenkins N. , Jovov B. , Abdo Z. , Sandler R.S. , Keku T.O. .
Source: Gut Microbes, 2010 May-Jun; 1(3), p. 138-47.