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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5P50CA095815-10 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Kreuter, Matthew
Organization: Washington University
Project Title: Communication-Based Strategies to Eliminate Cancer Disparities
Fiscal Year: 2012
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Abstract

In CECCR I, our research advanced cancer communication science by identifying effective strategies for increasing the reach and relevance of cancer information for low-income African American populations. In CECCR II we will explore ways to maximize the population benefit of such science by testing disparity-reducing interventions in large-scale studies conducted in real world settings within existing cancer control systems, thus enhancing the potential for dissemination. Study 1 is the first cancer communication research partnership with United Way 2-1-1, the nation's largest information and referral system reaching tens of millions of Americans in poverty every year. The study will connect 2-1-1 callers with needed clinical and preventive cancer services available for free in their community, and test the effects of cancer control navigators and tailored communication in increasing the use of these services. Study 2 builds on our highly successful Ozioma News Service for Black newspapers, which we have demonstrated increases the amount and quality of cancer coverage, and affects readers' cancer information seeking and preventive behaviors. In this extension, we partner with five divisions of the American Cancer Society (ACS) - covering 14 states and 55% of the U.S. Black population - to test our proven intervention against an enhanced version in which local ACS staff supplement Ozioma's cancer news releases with community specific information. In study 3, we evaluate effects of a new touch-screen, interactive cancer communication tool among African American women being treated for breast cancer at the NCI-designated Siteman Cancer Center. The tool provides a searchable library of hundreds of videotaped stories on coping, social support and relationships, told by other local African American breast cancer survivors. Effects on quality of life and adherence to follow-up care will be evaluated compared to a usual care control group of breast cancer patients. Shared resources in Communication, Research Methods and Dissemination will support these studies, and Career Development and Developmental Research programs will help our center develop new ideas and investigators. Research from this CECCR will advance cancer communication science and help eliminate cancer health disparities.

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Publications

Is low health literacy associated with increased emergency department utilization and recidivism?
Authors: Griffey RT, Kennedy SK, McGownan L, Goodman M, Kaphingst KA
Source: Acad Emerg Med, 2014 Oct;21(10), p. 1109-15.
PMID: 25308133
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Discussing cancer: communication with African Americans.
Authors: Caito N, Hood S, Thompson VL
Source: Soc Work Health Care, 2014;53(6), p. 519-31.
PMID: 25050658
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Does numeracy correlate with measures of health literacy in the emergency department?
Authors: Griffey RT, Melson AT, Lin MJ, Carpenter CR, Goodman MS, Kaphingst KA
Source: Acad Emerg Med, 2014 Feb;21(2), p. 147-53.
PMID: 24673670
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Feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of brief health literacy and numeracy screening instruments in an urban emergency department.
Authors: Carpenter CR, Kaphingst KA, Goodman MS, Lin MJ, Melson AT, Griffey RT
Source: Acad Emerg Med, 2014 Feb;21(2), p. 137-46.
PMID: 24673669
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Making decisions in a complex information environment: evidential preference and information we trust.
Authors: Sanders Thompson VL
Source: BMC Med Inform Decis Mak, 2013;13 Suppl 3, p. S7.
EPub date: 2013 Dec 6.
PMID: 24565305
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What does it mean to be genomically literate?: National Human Genome Research Institute Meeting Report.
Authors: Hurle B, Citrin T, Jenkins JF, Kaphingst KA, Lamb N, Roseman JE, Bonham VL
Source: Genet Med, 2013 Aug;15(8), p. 658-63.
EPub date: 2013 Feb 28.
PMID: 23448722
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Evaluating the Ozioma cancer news service: a community randomized trial in 24 U.S. cities.
Authors: Caburnay CA, Luke DA, Cameron GT, Cohen EL, Fu Q, Lai CL, Stemmle JT, Paulen M, Jackson L, Kreuter MW
Source: Prev Med, 2012 Jun;54(6), p. 425-30.
EPub date: 2012 Apr 23.
PMID: 22546317
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African American parents' attitudes toward HPV vaccination.
Authors: Thompson VL, Arnold LD, Notaro SR
Source: Ethn Dis, 2011 Summer;21(3), p. 335-41.
PMID: 21942167
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