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National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA075971-11 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Betensky, Rebecca
Organization: Harvard School Of Public Health
Project Title: Statistical Methods for Analysis of Failure Time Data
Fiscal Year: 2009
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this application is to develop statistical methods for the analysis of failure time data in the presence of missing diagnoses or classification, missing observation time and progression measurement, and missing segments of the target population. These types of missingness are not individual-specific, but rather are characteristic of the entire study population. That is, all subjects are missing a histologically-based diagnosis, or all subjects are missing continuous-valued, continuous-time measurements of progression, or all subjects of a certain type are missing from the study population. These three dimensions of population- wide missingness encompass a broad range of real problems that I have encountered in studies of brain tumors, schwannomas, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and coronary heart disease (CHD). The brain tumor and schwannoma studies measure several histologic features, with the goal of refining diagnoses to be more prognostic for clinical outcomes. The MS study features a failure endpoint that is defined by a discrete time ordinal longitudinal process. This is common in many cancer studies, which have scored endpoints such as radiologic progression and performance status. The CHD study typifies an emerging common design in which prospective cohorts are sampled mid-study for genetic analysis. This is commonly done to investigate genetic associations with various cancers, as well. An array of statistical methods, including Bayesian and frequentist latent class models, transitional models for ordinal processes, and pseudo likelihood estimation for a biased sample, are used to address these problems. Relevance: This research aims to provide improved statistical methods for the design and analysis of clinical and laboratory studies of cancer. The methods may lead to faster discovery of cancer genes and effective treatments and to better understanding of disease progression through more efficient use of resources.

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Publications

A Non-parametric Maximum Likelihood Estimator For Bivariate Interval Censored Data
Authors: Betensky R.A. , Finkelstein D.M. .
Source: Statistics In Medicine, 1999-11-30 00:00:00.0; 18(22), p. 3089-100.
PMID: 10544308
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An Extension Of Kendall's Coefficient Of Concordance To Bivariate Interval Censored Data
Authors: Betensky R.A. , Finkelstein D.M. .
Source: Statistics In Medicine, 1999-11-30 00:00:00.0; 18(22), p. 3101-9.
PMID: 10544309
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Multiple Imputation For Simple Estimation Of The Hazard Function Based On Interval Censored Data
Authors: Bebchuk J.D. , Betensky R.A. .
Source: Statistics In Medicine, 2000-02-15 00:00:00.0; 19(3), p. 405-19.
PMID: 10649305
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Using Conditional Logistic Regression To Fit Proportional Odds Models To Interval Censored Data
Authors: Rabinowitz D. , Betensky R.A. , Tsiatis A.A. .
Source: Biometrics, 2000 Jun; 56(2), p. 511-8.
PMID: 10877311
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Approximating The Distribution Of Maximally Selected Mcnemar's Statistics
Authors: Rabinowitz D. , Betensky R.A. .
Source: Biometrics, 2000 Sep; 56(3), p. 897-902.
PMID: 10985234
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Maximally Selected Chi2 Statistics For K X 2 Tables
Authors: Betensky R.A. , Rabinowitz D. .
Source: Biometrics, 1999 Mar; 55(1), p. 317-20.
PMID: 11318175
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The Use Of Frailty Hazard Models For Unrecognized Heterogeneity That Interacts With Treatment: Considerations Of Efficiency And Power
Authors: Li Y. , Betensky R.A. , Louis D.N. , Cairncross J.G. .
Source: Biometrics, 2002 Mar; 58(1), p. 232-6.
PMID: 11890320
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Local Likelihood Analysis Of The Latency Distribution With Interval Censored Intermediate Events
Authors: Bebchuk J.D. , Betensky R.A. .
Source: Statistics In Medicine, 2002-11-30 00:00:00.0; 21(22), p. 3475-91.
PMID: 12407685
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Analysis Of A Molecular Genetic Neuro-oncology Study With Partially Biased Selection
Authors: Betensky R.A. , Louis D.N. , Cairncross J.G. .
Source: Biostatistics (oxford, England), 2003 Apr; 4(2), p. 167-78.
PMID: 12925514
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Hazard Regression For Interval-censored Data With Penalized Spline
Authors: Cai T. , Betensky R.A. .
Source: Biometrics, 2003 Sep; 59(3), p. 570-9.
PMID: 14601758
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Power Calculations For Familial Aggregation Studies
Authors: Rabbee N. , Betensky R.A. .
Source: Genetic Epidemiology, 2004 May; 26(4), p. 316-27.
PMID: 15095391
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Statistical Considerations For Immunohistochemistry Panel Development After Gene Expression Profiling Of Human Cancers
Authors: Betensky R.A. , Nutt C.L. , Batchelor T.T. , Louis D.N. .
Source: The Journal Of Molecular Diagnostics : Jmd, 2005 May; 7(2), p. 276-82.
PMID: 15858152
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Hospital Volume Versus Outcome: An Unusual Example Of Bivariate Association
Authors: Betensky R.A. , Christian C.K. , Gustafson M.L. , Daley J. , Zinner M.J. .
Source: Biometrics, 2006 Jun; 62(2), p. 598-604.
PMID: 16918925
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