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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA109649-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Bettinghaus, Erwin
Organization: Klein Buendel, Inc.
Project Title: Media Influences on Cancer Risk Perceptions
Fiscal Year: 2006
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The perception of risk to one's health can be closely associated to news coverage of instances of those risks. Those perceptions, in turn, can be linked to increases or decreases in risky behaviors on the part of individuals. Therefore, an important objective of cancer control efforts is to raise awareness of the risky behaviors, and make them salient enough to potentially influence individual behavior and community policy decision-making. This project seeks to measure the association between the news media's coverage of tobacco and cancer-related risks and issues and public perceptions of the need for cancer control policy and personal behavior changes. Data on media coverage will be obtained by coding cancer-related content from the U.S. news media (local newspaper, local and national television news, national news magazines) in 2002-03, already identified and collected by an ongoing study of alcohol and illicit drug use. Data on cancer related attitudes and perceptions and news media use of average citizens will be provided from the NCI's Health Information National Trend Study (HINTS), a large national probability survey of U.S. adults collected in 2003. The specific aims are: (1) identify the relative amount and type of news coverage given to cancer and cancer-related risks; (2) characterize the manner in which cancer is articulated in news coverage; (3) test for evidence that estimated risk likelihood, prevention behaviors, screening knowledge and other cancer-related behaviors are a function of news coverage; (4) test for evidence that public perceptions and attitudes are related to levels of media coverage; and (5) identify cancer-related risks and cancer control policies that are under-reported relative to their potential for leading to policy efforts aimed at reducing cancer in the United States. The design and analysis methods parallels "exposure testing" in epidemiologic studies, i.e., linking risk perceptions to exposures to various levels of news coverage that has certain content characteristics.

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Publications

The Influence of Youth Music Television Viewership on Changes in Cigarette Use and Association with Smoking Peers: A Social Identity, Reinforcing Spirals Perspective.
Authors: Slater MD, Hayes AF
Source: Communic Res, 2010 Dec 1;37(6), p. 751-773.
PMID: 21318085
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Newspaper Coverage of Cancer Prevention: Multilevel Evidence for Knowledge Gap Effects.
Authors: Slater MD, Hayes AF, Reineke JB, Long MA, Bettinghaus EP
Source: J Commun, 2009 Sep;59(3), p. 514.
PMID: 20161669
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A content analysis of cancer survivorship coverage in a representative sample of US news outlets.
Authors: Larson S, Long M, Slater MD, Bettinghaus EP, Read A
Source: J Cancer Educ, 2009;24(4), p. 291-6.
PMID: 19838887
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News coverage of cancer in the United States: a national sample of newspapers, television, and magazines.
Authors: Slater MD, Long M, Bettinghaus EP, Reineke JB
Source: J Health Commun, 2008 Sep;13(6), p. 523-37.
PMID: 18726810
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US news media coverage of tobacco control issues.
Authors: Long M, Slater MD, Lysengen L
Source: Tob Control, 2006 Oct;15(5), p. 367-72.
PMID: 16998170
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