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National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA080288-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Jason, Leonard
Organization: De Paul University
Project Title: The Effects of Laws on Youth Prevalence
Fiscal Year: 2005
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Abstract

Three thousand youngsters begin smoking every day, and smoking rates among adolescents are increasing. Restricting access to cigarettes and fining minors for possession of tobacco products could be effective strategies to reduce the rising rates of teenage smoking. It is unfortunate that the issue of whether or not minors are fined for possession of tobacco products has been infrequently studied, despite increasing interest among public health officials in this issue. It is possible that the combination of more consistent vendor enforcement and fining minors for possession of tobacco products is the optimal intervention for decreasing smoking prevalence rates among adolescents. The current proposed study will be a rigorous test of this hypothesis. The proposed study would examine the smoking habits of junior and senior high school students in 24 towns. Towns will be randomly assigned into two conditions. Half of the towns will receive regular vendor enforcement and will fine minors for tobacco possession, and the other towns will have vendor enforcements but will not fine minors. The towns in each condition will be matched for population size and median household income. It is predicted that the combined condition (i.e., the combination of vendor enforcements and fining minors for tobacco possession) will have significant influence on the students' rates of smoking, and that these rates will be most influenced in younger versus older minors. If these predicted findings do emerge, they will have an important influence on the ways in which public policy officials and community members consider interventions directed at lowering rates of smoking among their youth.

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Publications

Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use.
Authors: Jason L.A. , Pokorny S.B. , Adams M. , Topliff A. , Harris C. , Hunt Y. .
Source: The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions, 2009 Sep-Oct; 18(5), p. 367-74.
PMID: 19874155
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Effects of youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions on heavy adolescent smokers.
Authors: Jason L.A. , Pokorny S.B. , Adams M.L. , Topliff A. , Harris C.C. , Hunt Y. .
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2009 Jan; 6(1), p. 1-9.
EPub date: 2008-12-23.
PMID: 19440265
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Youth smoking status: perceptions versus measurements.
Authors: Bottom T.L. , Adams M.L. , Jason L.A. , Topliff A. .
Source: American journal of health behavior, 2009 Nov-Dec; 33(6), p. 760-8.
PMID: 19320623
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Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco.
Authors: Kunz C.B. , Jason L.A. , Adams M. , Pokorny S.B. .
Source: Journal of drug education, 2009; 39(3), p. 321-37.
PMID: 20196335
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A randomized trial evaluating tobacco possession-use-purchase laws in the USA.
Authors: Jason L.A. , Pokorny S.B. , Adams M. .
Source: Social science & medicine (1982), 2008 Dec; 67(11), p. 1700-7.
EPub date: 2008-10-22.
PMID: 18947913
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Do fines for violating possession-use-purchase laws reduce youth tobacco use?
Authors: Jason L.A. , Pokorny S.B. , Adams M. , Hunt Y. , Gadiraju P. , Schoeny M. .
Source: Journal of drug education, 2007; 37(4), p. 393-400.
PMID: 18351178
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Youth tobacco sales-to-minors and possession-use-purchase laws: a public health controversy.
Authors: Jason L.A. , Pokorny S.B. , Muldowney K. , Velez M. .
Source: Journal of drug education, 2005; 35(4), p. 275-90.
PMID: 16910240
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Monitoring and decreasing public smoking among youth.
Authors: Jason L.A. , Pokorny S.B. , Sanem J.R. , Adams M.L. .
Source: Behavior modification, 2006 Sep; 30(5), p. 681-92.
PMID: 16894236
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Factors influencing middle and high schools' active parental consent return rates.
Authors: Ji P.Y. , Pokorny S.B. , Jason L.A. .
Source: Evaluation review, 2004 Dec; 28(6), p. 578-91.
PMID: 15486162
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