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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R21CA098437-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Stryker, Jo
Organization: University Of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Project Title: Mainstream and Ethnic/Minority News Coverage of Cancer
Fiscal Year: 2004
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The news media are an important source for cancer information in our society. It is therefore critical that the content of cancer news reports is known. However, there have been no efforts to provide a comprehensive description of cancer news coverage in more than twenty years. Subsequently, there have been many advances in cancer research, and new concerns have emerged. Since little is known about current cancer news reporting, this exploratory descriptive study of cancer news coverage will provide a foundation of knowledge that can be used to generate future research. This study will combine earlier measures used to describe cancer news coverage with new measures that address emerging concerns and current priorities in cancer research and communication. For example, this study will quantify the amount of media attention paid to specific cancer types; describe specific topics across the cancer continuum of prevention, detection, treatment, survivorship, and end-of-life issues; and analyze several ways in which news stories are framed, including how risk is communicated. These measures will be used to conduct 3 different analyses. First, the measures will be applied to a sample of cancer news stories that appeared in the top 50 U.S. newspapers during 2002. By analyzing co-occurrences of the distributions of different measures wherever sample sizes permit (e.g. assessing differences in risk communication by cancer type), a more advanced understanding of cancer news coverage can be developed. Second, by applying the instrument to both "mainstream" and ethnic and/or minority news media, comparisons of cancer coverage will be made between the two media types. Such an exploratory analysis may provide important insights into differences in social norms, risk perceptions, and prevalence of cancer-related behaviors that have been reported among various racial and ethnic groups. Third, we will determine how coverage has changed over time. These analyses, in conjunction with information about the Internet and a sub-study exploring the dissemination of wire stories, will provide us with a strong foundation with which to build our future research, including: identifying areas of cancer news coverage that require more detailed analyses, developing studies of cancer news coverage in different media, and generating specific hypotheses about media effects of these messages.

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Publications

Making sense of cancer news coverage trends: a comparison of three comprehensive content analyses.
Authors: Jensen JD, Moriarty CM, Hurley RJ, Stryker JE
Source: J Health Commun, 2010 Mar;15(2), p. 136-51.
PMID: 20390983
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Frequently cited sources in cancer news coverage: a content analysis examining the relationship between cancer news content and source citation.
Authors: Moriarty CM, Jensen JD, Stryker JE
Source: Cancer Causes Control, 2010 Jan;21(1), p. 41-9.
EPub date: 2009 Sep 26.
PMID: 19784789
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Cancer risk communication in mainstream and ethnic newspapers.
Authors: Stryker JE, Fishman J, Emmons KM, Viswanath K
Source: Prev Chronic Dis, 2009 Jan;6(1), p. A23.
EPub date: 2008 Dec 15.
PMID: 19080029
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Effects of newspaper coverage on public knowledge about modifiable cancer risks.
Authors: Stryker JE, Moriarty CM, Jensen JD
Source: Health Commun, 2008 Jul;23(4), p. 380-90.
PMID: 18702002
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Prevention and screening efficacy messages in newspaper accounts of cancer.
Authors: Moriarty CM, Stryker JE
Source: Health Educ Res, 2008 Jun;23(3), p. 487-98.
EPub date: 2007 Feb 7.
PMID: 17289658
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Uncovering differences across the cancer control continuum: a comparison of ethnic and mainstream cancer newspaper stories.
Authors: Stryker JE, Emmons KM, Viswanath K
Source: Prev Med, 2007 Jan;44(1), p. 20-5.
EPub date: 2006 Sep 1.
PMID: 16949141
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