|Grant Number:||5R01CA038273-20 Interpret this number|
|Primary Investigator:||Biglan, Anthony|
|Organization:||Oregon Research Institute|
|Project Title:||Mobilizing Parents and Peers to Prevent Tobacco Use|
Despite substantial research on adolescent tobacco use, we are far from having reliable, effective methods of preventing youth tobacco use onset, and prevalence of adolescent tobacco use in the U.S. remains high. The proposed research would test the mobilization of the powerfu1 influences of parents and peers by experimentally evaluating the efficacy of two strategies for preventing the onset of tobacco use in early adolescence. We propose to expand and strengthen the Family Communications About Tobacco and Youth Anti-tobacco Activities; interventions that were shown to have promising results in the previous project, to augment those interventions with videotapes and Internet technology, and to evaluate their combined effects when delivered to sixth graders. Over the first two years of the study, a total of 40 Oregon middle schools will be recruited, assessed on eight-grade prevalence of tobacco use, and randomly assigned to receive or not to receive the Family Communications and Youth Anti-tobacco interventions. Twenty schools will be recruited in the first year of the study, and 20 in the second year. The intervention targets sixth grade students; prevalence of tobacco use, other substance use, and antisocial behavior will be assessed among target students at the outset of sixth grade, and followed up at the end of those students' seventh and eighth grades. The study is also designed to assess exposure to intervention elements and the impact of the intervention on parenting practices and peer influence process the effect of the intervention on these variables will be measured via telephone interviews to a random sample of 50 child-parent pairs from each school, and relationships of parent and peer influences to subsequent tobacco use will be modeled using Latent Growth Modeling. Study design is a group-randomized design in which students are nested within schools, and intervention effects will be examined in two ways: using data from all students in grade 6 during intervention who stay in the school at subsequent assessments; and using data from students who transfer into the school in later grades.
Behavioral And Social Correlates Of Methamphetamine Use In A Population-based Sample Of Early And Later Adolescents
Authors: Embry D. , Hankins M. , Biglan A. , Boles S. .
Source: Addictive Behaviors, 2009 Apr; 34(4), p. 343-51.
Smoking Patterns In Oregon Youth: Effects Of Funding And Defunding Of A Comprehensive State Tobacco Control Program
Authors: Pizacani B.A. , Dent C.W. , Maher J.E. , Rohde K. , Stark M.J. , Biglan A. , Thompson J. .
Source: The Journal Of Adolescent Health : Official Publication Of The Society For Adolescent Medicine, 2009 Mar; 44(3), p. 229-36.
Cofactor-containing Antibodies: Crystal Structure Of The Original Yellow Antibody
Authors: Zhu X. , Wentworth P. , Kyle R.A. , Lerner R.A. , Wilson I.A. .
Source: Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, 2006-03-07 00:00:00.0; 103(10), p. 3581-5.
Selection By Consequences: One Unifying Principle For A Transdisciplinary Science Of Prevention
Authors: Biglan A. .
Source: Prevention Science : The Official Journal Of The Society For Prevention Research, 2003 Dec; 4(4), p. 213-32.
The Value Of Interrupted Time-series Experiments For Community Intervention Research
Authors: Biglan A. , Ary D. , Wagenaar A.C. .
Source: Prevention Science : The Official Journal Of The Society For Prevention Research, 2000 Mar; 1(1), p. 31-49.
The Effectiveness Of A Parenting Skills Program For Parents Of Middle School Students In Small Communities
Authors: Irvine A.B. , Biglan A. , Smolkowski K. , Metzler C.W. , Ary D.V. .
Source: Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 1999 Dec; 67(6), p. 811-25.
Parent-daughter Discussions To Discourage Tobacco Use: Feasibility And Content
Authors: Ary D.V. , James L. , Biglan A. .
Source: Adolescence, 1999 Summer; 34(134), p. 275-82.
The Value Of The Parenting Scale For Measuring The Discipline Practices Of Parents Of Middle School Children
Authors: Irvine A.B. , Biglan A. , Smolkowski K. , Ary D.V. .
Source: Behaviour Research And Therapy, 1999 Feb; 37(2), p. 127-42.
Mobilizing Positive Reinforcement In Communities To Reduce Youth Access To Tobacco
Authors: Biglan A. , Ary D. , Koehn V. , Levings D. , Smith S. , Wright Z. , James L. , Henderson J. .
Source: American Journal Of Community Psychology, 1996 Oct; 24(5), p. 625-38.
Social And Behavioral Factors Associated With High-risk Sexual Behavior Among Adolescents
Authors: Biglan A. , Metzler C.W. , Wirt R. , Ary D. , Noell J. , Ochs L. , French C. , Hood D. .
Source: Journal Of Behavioral Medicine, 1990 Jun; 13(3), p. 245-61.
The Efficacy Of Social-influence Prevention Programs Versus "standard Care": Are New Initiatives Needed?
Authors: Ary D.V. , Biglan A. , Glasgow R. , Zoref L. , Black C. , Ochs L. , Severson H. , Kelly R. , Weissman W. , Lichtenstein E. .
Source: Journal Of Behavioral Medicine, 1990 Jun; 13(3), p. 281-96.
Longitudinal Changes In Adolescent Cigarette Smoking Behavior: Onset And Cessation
Authors: Ary D.V. , Biglan A. .
Source: Journal Of Behavioral Medicine, 1988 Aug; 11(4), p. 361-82.