Skip Navigation
Grant Details

Grant Number: 7R01CA081495-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Patrick, Kevin
Organization: University Of California San Diego
Project Title: Pace+-Counseling Adolescents for Exercise and Nutrition
Fiscal Year: 2003
Back to top


Abstract

Description (adapted from the investigator's abstract): Improved physical activity (PA) and nutrition behaviors in adolescents show great promise to reduce risk of cancers and other disease. Fewer than 20 percent of adolescents meet recommendations for fat or fruits and vegetable consumption, and only 50 percent of adolescent girls and 67 percent of boys meet recommendations for vigorous PA. In this project we will evaluate an integrated clinical and home-based intervention to improve PA and nutrition behaviors in adolescents. PACE+ has 3 integrated components: a computer assessment and action planner; provider counseling and 12 months of extended phone & mail contact. Pilot study results (n=117) demonstrate that PACE+ shows substantial promise in maintaining healthy and/or improving poor nutrition & PA behaviors. We will recruit 768 male and female adolescents age 11 through 15 seen in 6 healthcare settings. Subjects will be randomly assigned within practices to 2 successive one-year "doses" of PACE+ or a comparison condition involving counseling for sun protection behaviors. PACE+ assesses 4 behaviors: 1) dietary fat, 2) fruits & vegetable consumption, 3) moderate PA, and 4) vigorous PA. PACE+ also assesses stage of change and psychosocial mediators of behavior change. PACE+ guides the adolescent to select 1 nutrition and 1 PA target behavior for which they develop action plans to discuss during the provider encounter. The provider endorses or modifies the action plan and encourages participation in the extended phone and mail intervention. Phone counseling, mailed and print materials guide the adolescent to use cognitive & behavioral skills to make changes in target nutrition and PA behaviors. At 6 months (midway through the extended component of PACE+) participants are reassessed and receive stage-appropriate intervention on the remaining 2 diet & PA behaviors. The sun comparison condition has theory-based computer, provider, phone & mail components controlling for attention and other non-specific intervention effects. Primary behavioral outcomes, secondary outcomes, and selected mediators and process variables will be measured prior to the first office visit and at 6, 12, and 24 months. Primary outcomes will be measured using the 7-day physical activity recall and the 3-day food records of fruits, vegetables and fat intake at 12 months. Secondary outcomes include adiposity, fitness, BMI, psychosocial mediators of change, body image, and other measures. This study will be the first to evaluate a combined physical activity and nutrition intervention for youth that revolves around the primary health care setting. The PACE+ intervention is particularly innovative in that 3 components--computer, provider counseling, and an extended home-based intervention--are unified through a common theoretical framework.

Back to top


Publications

Exercise aids, neighborhood safety, and physical activity in adolescents and parents.
Authors: Kerr J, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Patrick K
Source: Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2008 Jul;40(7), p. 1244-8.
PMID: 18580403
Related Citations

Back to top


Validating stage of change measures for physical activity and dietary behaviors for overweight women.
Authors: Robinson AH, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Rock CL, Patrick K
Source: Int J Obes (Lond), 2008 Jul;32(7), p. 1137-44.
EPub date: 2008 May 20.
PMID: 18490930
Related Citations

Back to top


Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial constructs for adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviors.
Authors: Norman GJ, Sallis JF, Gaskins R
Source: Res Q Exerc Sport, 2005 Sep;76(3), p. 315-23.
PMID: 16270708
Related Citations

Back to top


Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial constructs for adolescent fruit and vegetable and dietary fat intake.
Authors: Hagler AS, Norman GJ, Radick LR, Calfas KJ, Sallis JF
Source: J Am Diet Assoc, 2005 Nov;105(11), p. 1758-64.
PMID: 16256760
Related Citations

Back to top


Psychosocial and environmental correlates of adolescent sedentary behaviors.
Authors: Norman GJ, Schmid BA, Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Patrick K
Source: Pediatrics, 2005 Oct;116(4), p. 908-16.
PMID: 16199700
Related Citations

Back to top


Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for overweight in adolescence.
Authors: Patrick K, Norman GJ, Calfas KJ, Sallis JF, Zabinski MF, Rupp J, Cella J
Source: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 2004 Apr;158(4), p. 385-90.
PMID: 15066880
Related Citations

Back to top