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National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R03CA090185-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Anderson, Cheryl
Organization: Baylor College Of Medicine
Project Title: Prevention Through Physical Activity-Parental Influence
Fiscal Year: 2002
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION: (Applicant's Description) Evidence is building to support physical activity as a modifiable lifestyle factor in cancer prevention, both directly and indirectly through obesity prevention. However, as stated in the NIH/NCI PA-99-163, "only a small proportion of the U.S. population participates in regular physical activity. Robust methods must be developed to examine and explain the determinants of changes in these behaviors." Rates of sedentary behavior are rising in adults and children, as are rates of obesity. Physical inactivity will likely continue to increase over time without the development of successful physical activity interventions. However, successful interventions against sedentary behavior cannot be developed without a better understanding of the determinants of physical activity behaviors. Our research and that of others among adults has shown that how we perceive ourselves athletically and how others perceive us are plausible determinants of whether we are physically active. In this application, in an ethnically diverse sample, we propose to construct and validate a psychometric scale that measures parental beliefs about their 4th and 5th grade children and physical activity as determinants of children's athletic identity and participation in physical activity. Identity formation begins in childhood and is strongly influenced by parents, who can encourage or discourage developing athletic identities. Since people are resistant to change of ingrained identities that are firmly supported by social structure, parental influence on a child's athletic identity could have far reaching implications on how much physical activity they do. Understanding how parents influence children's physical activity and the ethnic/cultural differences which likely exist will provide a new mechanism for change in future interventions to increase regular physical activity and thereby reduce the risk of several activity-related cancers. Long-term physical activity patterns that are sustained over many years likely reflect a core aspect of the self: a relevant self-definition as a physically active person that is initiated in childhood. Our project represents an innovative approach to understanding and increasing regular physical activity in the primary prevention of cancer.

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Publications

Ethnic, Gender, And Bmi Differences In Athletic Identity In Children And Adolescents
Authors: Anderson C.B. , MÔsse L.C. , Zhang H. , Coleman K.J. , Chang S. .
Source: Journal Of Physical Activity & Health, 2011 Feb; 8(2), p. 200-9.
PMID: 21415447
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Parent-child Relationship Of Directly Measured Physical Activity
Authors: Fuemmeler B.F. , Anderson C.B. , MÔsse L.C. .
Source: The International Journal Of Behavioral Nutrition And Physical Activity, 2011; 8, p. 17.
PMID: 21385455
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Contribution Of Athletic Identity To Child And Adolescent Physical Activity
Authors: Anderson C.B. , MÔsse L.C. , Zhang H. , Coleman K.J. , Chang S. .
Source: American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 2009 Sep; 37(3), p. 220-6.
PMID: 19595559
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Parent-child Attitude Congruence On Type And Intensity Of Physical Activity: Testing Multiple Mediators Of Sedentary Behavior In Older Children
Authors: Anderson C.B. , Hughes S.O. , Fuemmeler B.F. .
Source: Health Psychology : Official Journal Of The Division Of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2009 Jul; 28(4), p. 428-38.
PMID: 19594267
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Adaptation And Validation Of The Athletic Identity Questionnaire-adolescent For Use With Children
Authors: Anderson C.B. , Coleman K.J. .
Source: Journal Of Physical Activity & Health, 2008 Jul; 5(4), p. 539-58.
PMID: 18648119
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Validation Of The Pdpar As An Adolescent Diary: Effect Of Accelerometer Cut Points
Authors: Anderson C.B. , Hagstr÷mer M. , Yngve A. .
Source: Medicine And Science In Sports And Exercise, 2005 Jul; 37(7), p. 1224-30.
PMID: 16015142
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When More Is Better: Number Of Motives And Reasons For Quitting As Correlates Of Physical Activity In Women
Authors: Anderson C.B. .
Source: Health Education Research, 2003 Oct; 18(5), p. 525-37.
PMID: 14572014
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Relations Between Self-generated Positive And Negative Expected Smoking Outcomes And Smoking Behavior: An Exploratory Study Among Adolescents
Authors: Anderson C.B. , Pollak K.I. , Wetter D.W. .
Source: Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors : Journal Of The Society Of Psychologists In Addictive Behaviors, 2002 Sep; 16(3), p. 196-204.
PMID: 12236454
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