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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA074968-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Thompson, Beti
Organization: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Project Title: Community Randomized Trial of Hispanic Cancer Prevention
Fiscal Year: 2002
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION: Hispanics are the fastest growing minority group in the U.S. and also have the highest poverty rates in the U.S. They have higher rates of certain types of cancer, are less likely to have cancer screening, and tend to have less knowledge about cancer and cancer prevention than Non-Hispanics. Cancer rates are increasing in this group. This application builds on two years of developmental work in a community that is 65 percent to 75 percent Mexican-American. The overall goals of this proposed project are to increase cancer prevention lifestyle behaviors, specifically to decrease fat consumption, increase fruit and vegetable consumption, and increase smoking cessation rates; and to increase colorectal cancer screening. Twenty communities in the lower Yakima Valley, which has a 40 percent to 50 percent Hispanic population, will be recruited for participation. After an in-person randomized household survey of approximately 100 households per community, communities will be matched and randomized within blocks to an intervention or control condition. In intervention communities, a community board will be established, will hire a field coordinator, mobilize the community, and plan intervention activities, with FHCRC staff serving as facilitators, and local project staff hired to assist the Boards. Community-wide events will be conducted to raise consciousness and increase knowledge about cancer prevention and access to screening. These will be pilot-tested in our developmental study community. Individual activities will focus on one-to-one outreach where volunteers and community people will discuss behavior changes that may decrease the risks of contracting cancer. A nested study will be included to assess the efficacy of an intensive, individual intervention to change dietary behavior among groups of women in the intervention communities. After intervention, another cross-sectional survey will be conducted. Primary outcomes are changes in the behaviors defined in the primary aims. A score of combined changes will also be generated. The sample sizes take into account intraclass correlation and are sufficient to examine differences among Hispanics as well as the entire Valley population. The analysis is based on intent to treat.

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Publications

Sociodemographic correlates of cancer screening services among Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in a rural setting.
Authors: Coronado GD, Thompson B, Chen L
Source: Am J Health Behav, 2009 Mar-Apr;33(2), p. 181-91.
PMID: 18844512
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A household food inventory is not a good measure of fruit and vegetable intake among ethnically diverse rural women.
Authors: Neuhouser ML, Thompson B, Coronado G, Martinez T, Qu P
Source: J Am Diet Assoc, 2007 Apr;107(4), p. 672-7.
PMID: 17383274
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A cervical cancer curriculum for Hispanic adolescents in rural high schools: a pilot study.
Authors: Tejeda S, Thompson B, Coronado GD, Rees JM
Source: J Health Care Poor Underserved, 2006 Nov;17(4), p. 734-44.
PMID: 17242527
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Celebremos la salud! a community randomized trial of cancer prevention (United States).
Authors: Thompson B, Coronado G, Chen L, Islas I
Source: Cancer Causes Control, 2006 Jun;17(5), p. 733-46.
PMID: 16633921
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Attitudes and beliefs among Mexican Americans about type 2 diabetes.
Authors: Coronado GD, Thompson B, Tejeda S, Godina R
Source: J Health Care Poor Underserved, 2004 Nov;15(4), p. 576-88.
PMID: 15531816
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Cancer prevention behaviors and socioeconomic status among Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in a rural population in the United States.
Authors: Thompson B, Coronado GD, Solomon CC, McClerran DF, Neuhouser ML, Feng Z
Source: Cancer Causes Control, 2002 Oct;13(8), p. 719-28.
PMID: 12420950
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